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Asia-Pacific Renewable Energy Policy Handbook - Product Image

Asia-Pacific Renewable Energy Policy Handbook

  • Published: June 2009
  • 150 pages
  • GlobalData

Asia-Pacific Renewable Energy Policy Handbook

Summary

This report presents an in-depth analysis of the renewable energy policies across major countries across Asia Pacific. It details the key policy instruments adopted by the national and state governments in these countries and analyzes the different forms of incentives and subsidies provided for the development of the renewable energy technologies. The report also provides information for top countries in Asia Pacific.

Scope

- This report helps to assess the impacts of the renewable energy policy in different countries in Asia Pacific.
- Get insights into the possible energy policy future and outcomes which helps in identifying a market potential.
- This report helps renewable energy companies/organisations in identifying potential markets and navigating the policy landscape across countries in Asia Pacific.

Reasons to buy

- Develop business strategies with the help of specific insights about policy decisions being taken on renewable energy by different countries across Asia Pacific.
- Identify opportunities and challenges in exploiting the renewable energy markets in Asia Pacific.
- READ MORE >

1 2
1.1 List of Tables 10
1.2 List of Figures 12
2 Executive Summary 13
2.1 The Asia Pacific Region is Strongly Positioned for Rapid Growth In the Renewable Energy Industry 13
2.2 Government Policy Measures will Play a Vital Role in the Renewable Energy Development 14
2.3 China to lead the Growth of The Renewable Energy Sector in Asia Pacific 15
2.4 Stronger Policy Framework to Boost Renewable Energy Could Significantly Increase Renewable Energy Industry Investments in India and Japan 15
2.5 Russia’s New Directive on Renewables Paves Way for Greater Use of Renewables in the Country 16
2.6 Thailand Plans To Become A Regional Biofuel Hub 16
3 Renewable Energy Policy Framework 17
3.1 Renewable Energy Policy, Overview 17
3.2 Renewable Energy Policy Framework and Feed in tariffs 18
3.3 Renewable Energy Policy Framework and Renewable Portfolio Standard 18
3.4 Renewable Energy Policy Framework, Other Policy Measures 19
3.4.1 Capital Subsidies, Grants/Rebates 19
3.4.2 Energy Production Payments/ Investments or Other Tax Credits 19
3.4.3 Tax Reductions 19
3.4.4 Tradable Renewable Energy Certificates Systems 19
3.4.5 Net Metering 19
3.4.6 Public Investment Loans 19
4 Australia, Major Policies and Market Instruments Supporting Renewables 20
4.1 Australia Renewable Energy, Major Policies and Incentives 20
4.1.1 Mandatory Renewable Energy Target (MRET) 20
4.1.2 Expanded national Renewable Energy Target (RET) scheme 22
4.1.3 Renewable Remote Power Generation Program 23
4.1.4 Green Loans 24
4.1.5 Energy Efficient Homes Package 24
4.1.6 Renewable Energy Equity Fund 25
4.1.7 Advanced Electricity Storage Technology Program 25
4.1.8 Renewable Energy Fund 25
4.1.9 Renewable Energy Demonstration Program 26
4.1.10 Energy Innovation Fund 27
4.1.11 Climate Ready Program 28
4.1.12 Green Building Fund 28
4.1.13 Re-tooling for Climate Change 29
4.2 Australia Solar Power, Major Policies and Incentives 29
4.2.1 Mandatory Renewable Energy Target Support for Small Solar (PV) Systems 29
4.2.2 Solar Homes and Communities Plan 29
4.2.3 Solar Credits for Small Scale Renewables, 2009 31
4.2.4 Green Vouchers for Schools / National Solar Schools Program 32
4.2.5 Solar Hot Water Rebate 32
4.2.6 Solar Cities Program 33
4.2.7 Australia, Feed- in Tariffs for Solar Systems 33
4.2.8 Solar PV Support Measures 36
4.3 Australia Wind, Major Policies and Incentives 36
4.3.1 Mandatory Renewable Energy Target Support for Small Wind Systems 37
4.3.2 Mechanisms Supporting Grid-Connected Wind Power 37
4.3.3 Wind Energy Forecasting Capability Initiative 37
4.3.4 National Code for Wind Farm Construction 38
4.4 Australia Geothermal, Major Policies and Incentives 38
4.4.1 Geothermal Industry Development Framework and Technology Roadmap 38
4.4.2 Geothermal Drilling Program 39
4.5 Australia Hydro, Major Policies and Incentives 39
4.5.1 Mandatory Renewable Energy Target Support for Small Hydro Systems 39
4.6 Australia Bioenergy, Major Policies and Incentives 40
4.6.1 Ethanol and Biodiesel Production Grant Excise 40
4.6.2 Ethanol Distribution Program 41
4.6.3 Biofuel Capital Grants 41
4.6.4 Second Generation Biofuels Research and Development Program (Gen 2) 42
4.6.5 Amendments to Australian Automotive Diesel and Biodiesel Fuel Quality Standards 42
5 China, Major Policies and Market Instruments Supporting Renewables 44
5.1 China Renewable Energy, Major Policies and Incentives 44
5.1.1 Renewable Energy Policy, Overview 44
5.1.2 General Renewable Energy Policy 46
5.1.3 Renewable Energy Law 47
5.1.4 Regulation on Renewable Power Pricing and Cost Sharing 49
5.1.5 Renewable Energy Development Fund 50
5.1.6 11th Five Year Plan (2006-2010) - Highlights for Renewable Energy 50
5.1.7 Medium and Long Term Development Plan for Renewable Energy 50
5.1.8 Renewable Portfolio Standards 51
5.2 China Solar Power, Major Policies and Incentives 51
5.2.1 New Incentive for Solar PV 51
5.2.2 Subsidies for Solar PV in Rural Areas 52
5.2.3 R&D support for Solar PV 52
5.2.4 Solar PV Pilot Projects 53
5.2.5 Solar PV Support Measures 54
5.3 China Wind, Major Policies and Incentives 54
5.3.1 China Wind Power, Pricing Policy 55
5.3.2 Wind Power Concession Program 55
5.3.3 Low Interest Rate Loans 56
5.3.4 Reduced Vat and Income Tax 56
5.3.5 Subsidies 56
5.3.6 Provincial incentives 56
5.4 China Hydro, Major Policies and Incentives 57
5.4.1 China Small Hydro, Incentives 58
5.4.2 Rural Electrification Policies for Small Hydro Power 58
5.5 China Bioenergy, Major Policies and Incentives 59
5.5.1 National Rural Biogas Construction Plan 2003-2010 59
5.5.2 Support for Biomass Power Generation 59
5.5.3 US China MOU on Biomass Development 60
5.5.4 China Biofuels, Major Policies and Incentives 60
5.5.5 China Ethanol, Financial Incentives 61
5.5.6 Banning of Grain based Ethanol 61
6 India, Major Policies and Market Instruments Supporting Renewables 62
6.1 India Renewable Energy, Major Policies and Incentives 62
6.1.1 Integrated Energy Policy 62
6.1.2 Electricity Act 2003 63
6.1.3 India Renewable Portfolio Standards 63
6.1.4 Tariff Policy 2006 64
6.1.5 Grid-interactive Power Program 65
6.1.6 Off-Grid Renewable Energy Programs 66
6.1.7 Remote Village Electrification Program 68
6.1.8 India, CDM projects 69
6.2 India Solar Power, Major Policies and Incentives 70
6.2.1 India, National Solar Mission 70
6.2.2 Demonstration and Promotion of Solar Photovoltaic Devices/ Systems in Urban Areas & Industry 70
6.2.3 Development of Solar Cities Scheme 72
6.2.4 Energy Efficient Solar/ Green Buildings Scheme 73
6.2.5 Solar Water Heating Systems, Interest/ Capital Subsidy Scheme 75
6.2.6 Accelerated Depreciation for Solar Systems 76
6.3 India Wind, Major Policies and Incentives 76
6.3.1 Central Government Incentives 76
6.3.2 State Government Policies 78
6.3.3 Role of Government Bodies 81
6.3.4 Financing Guidelines for Wind Energy Projects 82
6.3.5 Foreign Investment Policy 83
6.3.6 Regulatory Issues 84
6.4 India Hydro, Major Policies and Incentives 84
6.4.1 Small Hydro Power Program 85
6.4.2 Renovation and Modernisation of SHP Projects 85
6.4.3 Hydropower Generation, Buy Back Rate 86
6.5 India Bioenergy, Major Policies and Incentives 88
6.5.1 Biomass Power Buy Back Rate 88
6.5.2 Biomass Power Cogeneration Incentive Schemes 89
6.5.3 Waste to energy (Bio-Energy Projects) 89
6.5.4 Bio-fuel (Ethanol/ Bio-diesel) 90
6.5.5 National Policy on Biofuel 90
7 Japan, Major Policies and Market Instruments Supporting Renewables 92
7.1 Japan Renewable Energy, Major Policies and Incentives 92
7.1.1 Establishment Of NEDO 92
7.1.2 Special Measures law for Promoting the Use of New Energy 92
7.1.3 Renewables Portfolio Standard (RPS) System 93
7.1.4 Green Power Certification System 94
7.1.5 Vision for New Energy Business 95
7.1.6 Japan National Energy Strategy 2006 95
7.1.7 Japan Renewable Energy Policy Platform (JREPP) 95
7.1.8 Support for Deployment of New and Renewable Energy 97
7.1.9 Subsidy for RD&D for New and Renewable Energy 97
7.1.10 New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization (NEDO) Incentives 97
7.1.11 Project for Establishing New Energy and Energy Conservation Visions at the Local Level 97
7.1.12 Project for Promoting the Local Introduction of New Energy 97
7.1.13 Project for Promotion of Non-profit Activities on New Energy 99
7.2 Japan Solar Power, Major Policies and Incentives 100
7.2.1 Residential PV Support Programs 100
7.2.2 Solar Promotion Program 100
7.2.3 Solar PV R&D Initiative 101
7.2.4 Local Government Initiatives 102
7.2.5 Solar PV support Measures 103
7.3 Japan Wind, Major Policies and Incentives 103
7.3.1 Japan Wind Power Development, Major Impediments 104
7.3.2 Japan, Major Policies for Development Wind Power 104
7.3.3 Research and Development of Next-generation Wind Power Generation Technology 104
7.3.4 Research and Development of Offshore Wind Power Generation Technology 104
7.3.5 Subsidy Project for Grid Interconnection of Wind Power Generation 104
7.4 Japan Geothermal, Major Policies and Incentives 105
7.4.1 Project on Geothermal Power Generation Development 105
7.4.2 Geothermal Development Promotion Surveys 105
7.5 Japan Hydro, Major Policies and Incentives 105
7.5.1 The New Energy Foundation 106
7.5.2 Sunshine and Moonlight Project 106
7.5.3 River Law 107
7.5.4 United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change 107
7.5.5 Project for Developing Small and Medium-sized Hydroelectric Power Plants 107
7.6 Japan Bioenergy, Major Policies and Incentives 108
7.6.1 Biomass Nippon Strategy 108
7.6.2 Development of Technology for High-efficiency Conversion of Biomass and Other Energy 109
7.6.3 Local Biomass Heat Utilization Field Test Project 109
7.6.4 Tests for Locally Systemized Biomass Energy 109
7.6.5 Law on the Quality Control of Gasoline and Other Fuels 109
7.6.6 Field demonstration of E3 gasoline (from FY2004) 110
7.6.7 Kyoto Protocol Target Achievement Plan 110
7.6.8 Project to Create a Standard Model for Regional Distribution of E3 110
8 New Zealand, Major Policies and Market Instruments Supporting Renewables 111
8.1 New Zealand Renewable Energy, Major Policies and Incentives 111
8.1.1 New Zealand, Climate Change and Sustainability Agenda 111
8.1.2 The Energy Efficiency and Conservation Strategy, 2007 112
8.1.3 New Zealand Energy Strategy to 2050 113
8.1.4 Emissions Trading Scheme 114
8.1.5 Proposed National Policy Statement for Renewable Electricity Generation 114
8.1.6 Promotion of Uptake of Renewable Electricity 115
8.1.7 Renewable Regulation Issues 116
8.2 New Zealand Solar Power, Major Policies and Incentives 116
8.2.1 Funding For Homeowners 116
8.2.2 Innovation Fund 116
8.2.3 Solar Water Heating Volume Build Grant Schemes 117
8.2.4 Grants for Public Buildings 117
8.3 New Zealand Wind, Major Policies and Incentives 118
8.3.1 Government Policy Statement on Electricity Governance (GPS) 118
8.3.2 Electricity Act 1992 119
8.3.3 Resource Management Act 1991 (RMA) 119
8.3.4 Projects to Reduce Emissions (PRE) 120
8.3.5 Distributed Generation Regulations 121
8.4 New Zealand Bioenergy, Major Policies and Incentives 121
8.4.1 Enabling Business Opportunities - Bioenergy Initiative 121
8.4.2 Wood Energy, Grants 122
8.4.3 New Zealand Biofuel, Major Policies and Incentives 122
8.4.4 Low Carbon Energy Technologies (LCET) Fund 122
8.4.5 Repealment Biofuels Sales Obligation 123
8.4.6 Ethanol Manufacturing Regulations 123
8.4.7 Biodiesel Excise Exemption 123
9 Indonesia, Major Policies and Market Instruments Supporting Renewables 124
9.1 Indonesia Renewable Energy, Major Policies and Incentives 124
9.1.1 National Energy Management blue print (Presidential Decree No.5 / 2006) 124
9.1.2 Energy Law No. 30 / 2007 125
9.1.3 Program on Rural Electrification 126
9.1.4 Program on Interconnection of Renewable Energy Power Generation 126
9.1.5 Program on Energy Self-Sufficient Village 126
9.1.6 Indonesia-German Cooperation on New and Renewable Technology 127
9.2 Indonesia Hydropower, Major Policies and Incentives 127
9.2.1 Integrated Micro hydro Development Program (IMIDAP) 127
9.2.2 Micro Hydro Power Program (MHPP) 127
9.3 Indonesia Bioenergy, Major Policies and Incentives 128
9.3.1 Indonesia Biofuel Policies 128
9.3.2 National Team for Biofuel Development 128
9.3.3 Industrial Strategy Proposal on Biofuel Industry in Indonesia 129
9.3.4 Mandatory on Biofuel Utilization 129
10 Russia, Major Policies and Market Instruments Supporting Renewables 131
10.1 Russia Renewable Energy, Major Policies and Incentives 131
10.1.1 Energy Strategy to 2020 131
10.1.2 Executive Directive for Increase of Energy Efficiency 131
10.2 Russia Hydro, Major Policies and Incentives 133
10.2.1 EBRD Loans for Russian Hydropower 133
10.2.2 Program for Development of Small Hydropower, New Energy Fund 133
10.2.3 Investment Fund 133
10.3 Russia Bioenergy, Major Policies and Incentives 133
10.3.1 The third International Congress - Biodiesel — 2008 133
10.3.2 Bioenergy Development in Russia (First Draft) 134
11 Thailand, Major Policies and Market Instruments Supporting Renewables 135
11.1 Thailand Renewable Energy, Major Policies and Incentives 135
11.1.1 Energy Conservation Promotion Act and Energy Conservation Promotion Fund 135
11.1.2 Sustainable Alternative Energy Development Strategy 135
11.1.3 Thailand, Renewable Portfolio Standards (RPS) 136
11.1.4 Small Power Producer (SSP) & Very Small Power Producers (VSPP) Program 136
11.1.5 Thailand 15-year Renewable Energy Development Plan (2008-22) 138
11.1.6 Soft Loans, Revolving Fund 142
11.1.7 Tax Incentive for Energy Conservation 143
11.1.8 Incentive through Board of Investment (BOI) 143
11.2 Thailand Solar Power, Major Policies and Incentives 143
11.2.1 The Solar Hot Water Project 143
11.3 Thailand Bioenergy, Major Policies and Incentives 144
11.3.1 Ethanol Strategy 144
11.3.2 Ethanol Tax Reduction for Biofuels 145
11.3.3 The E20 Gasohol Policy 146
11.3.4 Biodiesel Policy 146
12 Appendix 147
12.1 Methodology 147
12.1.1 Coverage 148
12.1.2 Secondary Research 149
12.1.3 Primary Research 149
12.1.4 Expert Panel Validation 149
12.2 Contact Us 150
12.3 About Us 150
12.4 Disclaimer 150

Executive Summary

1.1 List of Tables
Table 1: Asia-Pacific, Major Policy Instruments Supporting Renewable Energy Industry, 2009 14
Table 2: Australia, Solar Homes and Communities Plan, Grants Available 31
Table 3: Australia, Solar, Summary of States Solar Feed in Programs 34
Table 4: Australia, Solar PV Support Measures 36
Table 5: Australia , Excise Rates for Ethanol and Biodiesel, 2010 to 2015 40
Table 6: China, Major Renewable Energy Policies and Acts 45
Table 7: China, Major Renewable Energy Policies and Acts (Cont.) 46
Table 8: China, Renewable Energy Law, Five Major Regulations 49
Table 9: China, Solar PV Support Measures, 2008 54
Table 10: China, Central Policies for Wind Power 55
Table 11: China, Province Specific Wind Incentive Schemes 57
Table 12: China, Small Hydro Power Incentive Schemes 58
Table 13: China, Rural Electrification Policies for Small Hydro Power 59
Table 14: India Renewable Energy, Major Policies and Acts, 1998- 2008 64
Table 15: India Renewable Energy, Major Policies and Acts, 1998- 2008 (Cont.) 65
Table 16: India, Grid-interactive Power Program, Central Financial Assistance Available 66
Table 17: India, Off-grid Renewable Energy Programs 66
Table 18: India, Off-grid Renewable Energy Programs (Cont.) 67
Table 19: India, Off-grid Renewable Energy Programs (Cont.) 68
Table 20: Remote Village Electrification, Maximum Central Financial Assistance 69
Table 21: India, Demonstration and Promotion of Solar Photovoltaic Devices/ Systems, Indicative Target 2008-12 71
Table 22: India, Demonstration and Promotion of Solar Photovoltaic Devices/ System, Yearly Expenditure 2008-12 72
Table 23: India, GRIHA, Registration -cum-Rating Fee 74
Table 24: India, Interest/ Capital Subsidy Scheme, Applicable Interest rates For Soft Loans 76
Table 25: India, Custom Duty for Wind Energy Equipments and Components 77
Table 26: India, Policies Introduced / Incentives Declared by the State Governments for Private Sector Wind Projects 79
Table 27: India, Policies Introduced / Incentives Declared by the State Governments for Private Sector Wind Projects (Contd) 80
Table 28: India, Indian Renewable Energy Development Agency Financing Guidelines for Wind Energy Projects 82
Table 29: India, Classification Of Small Hydro Projects 85
Table 30: India, Subsidy For Small Hydro Power Plants 85
Table 31: India, Renovation and Modernisation OF SHP, Financial Assistance Provided 85
Table 32: India, Renewable Power Policies for Hydropower (Buy Back Rate - Rs./kWh) 86
Table 33: India, Renewable Power Policies for Bio-power (Buy Back Rate - Rs./kWh) 88
Table 34: India, Biomass Power Cogeneration Incentive Schemes 89
Table 35: India, Biomass Power Cogeneration Incentive Schemes (State Govt./Utility wise) 89
Table 36: India, Bio-fuel Incentive Schemes 90
Table 37: Japan, Utilization Targets For New Energy ( TWh/ Year) 93
Table 38: Japan, JREPP Vision, Share of Renewables in Electricity Generation, 2050 96
Table 39: Japan, New Energy Facility Introduction Project, Eligible Systems And Requirements For Local Government, 2008 98
Table 40: Japan, New Energy Facility Introduction Project, Eligible Systems And Requirements For Local Government, 2008 (Cont.) 99
Table 41: Japan, PV Roadmap Toward 2030, Financial Milestones 101
Table 42: Japan, Solar PV Support Measures, 2008 103
Table 43: Japan, Subsidies for Development Of Small and Medium-sized Hydroelectric Power Plants, 2008 108
Table 44: New Zealand, Summary Of Actions For Promoting Renewable Electricity 115
Table 45: New Zealand, Bioenergy Initiative, Government Funding Available , 2007-2010 122
Table 46: Indonesia, Potential of Renewable Energy 124
Table 47: Indonesia, Energy policy, Laws and Regulation 126
Table 48: Indonesia , Minimum Mandatory On Biodiesel Utilization 130
Table 49: Indonesia , Minimum Mandatory On Bioethanol Utilization 130
Table 50: Russia, Expected Share of Different Renewable Energy Sources, Till 2020 132
Table 51: Thailand, Adder to the Normal Tariff for Small Power Producer and Very Small Power Producer Program 137
Table 52: Thailand, Alternative Energy Target To 2022 139
Table 53: Thailand, Renewable Energy Development Plan, Promotion Measures 142
Table 54: Thailand, Transport Fuels, Excise Tax Rate and Reduced Rate for Biofuels 145
Table 55: Thailand, E20 Gasohol Policy 146

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