- ID: 1052350
- April 2016
- Region: United States
- 10 pages
- First Research
Brief Excerpt from Industry Overview Chapter:
Companies in this industry underwrite, originate and maintain markets for clients issuing securities; they may also offer advisory services, help facilitate corporate mergers and other deals, or act as principals in buying or selling securities on a spread. Major companies include Goldman Sachs, Merrill Lynch, and Morgan Stanley (all based in the US), as well as Barclays (UK), Deutsche Bank (Germany), Macquarie Group (Australia), Nomura (Japan), and UBS (Switzerland).
Worldwide revenue for investment banks is about $230 billion, according to Morgan Stanley. The US is the main driver of investment banking profits - accounting for about half of the world's fee revenue, according to Morgan Stanley. However, European and Asian banks also are key players within the industry.
The US investment banking industry includes about 3,000 companies with combined annual revenue of about $140 billion.
Demand is driven by economic activity that results in company mergers, acquisitions, or public financing. The profitability of an investment bank depends on its ability to accurately assess both the value of a business transaction and the readiness of the market to buy the attendant debt or equity. Big firms have an advantage because large customer transactions require firms with substantial financial resources. Small investment banks can compete by participating in syndications and operating in regional markets or specialized industries. Investment banking is highly concentrated in the US: the largest 50 firms generate more than 90 percent of industry revenue.
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