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Printed Photovoltaics: Market Opportunities for the Materials and PV Industry - 2009 to 2016

  • ID: 1057251
  • Report
  • July 2009
  • n-tech Research
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Printing has always had a role in photovoltaics: the top electrodes for conventional crystalline silicon PV are inevitably screened silver. However, the opportunities for using printing technology in the PV industry has expanded enormously in the past few years and now includes not just the printing of electrodes, but of the core PV absorber layer itself, which is increasingly a thin-film material and thus printable.

From the PV side of the house, firms have been driven to consider and use printing technology in the belief that R2R printing technologies will reduce the cost of manufacturing compared with the more usual PVD approaches to manufacturing. In addition, printing technologies also seem well suited to the plastic substrates and organic PV materials that are now being developed and deployed in the PV industry. On the other hand, from the perspective of functional printing, PV represents a growth market in an era in which many of the other market sectors that were supposed to drive printed electronics have gone dry. Printed PV is, however, a business with its own unique issues; printing PV tends to reduce conversion, efficiencies.

In this report, NanoMarkets identifies and quantifies the markets and opportunities for printed PV. It discusses both the printing of electrodes and the absorber layer for silicon, CdTe, CIGS, organic (OPV) and dye sensitive cell (DSC) PV. This report identifies the types of printing being developed for each of the TFPV materials and discusses the impact this will have for materials and equipment suppliers. Where appropriate, short profiles of key firms are provided. Finally, eight-year forecasts are provided for each of the printed PV technologies.

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Executive Summary
E.1 Introduction
E.1.1 Evolution of Printing in the Photovoltaics Industry
E.2 Opportunities by PV Technologies
E.2.1 Silicon
E.2.2 CIGS and CdTe
E.2.3 OPV and DSC
E.3 Implications for the Printing Equipment Industry
E.3.1 Selling Machinery for R2R and Flexibility
E.3.2 Improving Printed PV
E.3.3 Beyond Proprietariness—"Off-the-Shelf" Equipment?
E.4 Summary of Eight-Year Market Forecasts for Printed PV

Chapter One: Introduction
1.1 Background to This Report
1.1.1 Where Printing Fits in the PV Marketplace
1.1.2 Printing as Way to Make TFPV and OPV/DSC Competitive with c-Si PV
1.1.3 Printing and Electrodes for Thin-Film Photovoltaics
1.2 Objectives and Scope of this Report
1.3 Methodology of this Report
1.4 Plan of this Report

Chapter Two: Opportunities for Printed Silicon Photovoltaics
2.1 Background
2.1.1 Crystalline and Thin-Film Silicon Photovoltaics
2.1.2 The Role of Printing in Silicon Photovoltaics
2.1.3 Silicon Inks and PV: Innovalight
2.1.4 Silicon Inks and PV: Solexant
2.1.5 Transfer Printing and PV: Semprius
2.2 Printing Electrodes in Silicon-Based Photovoltaics
2.2.1 Thick-film Silver for c-Si PV Electrodes
2.2.2 Printed Electrodes for a-Si PV
2.2.3 Printed PV Electrodes Using Nanomaterials
2.3 Key Points in this Chapter

Chapter Three: Opportunities for Printed CdTe and CIGS
3.1 Introduction
3.2 CdTe Photovoltaics
3.2.1 Background
3.2.2 Is There Printing in CdTe's Future?
3.3 Printed CIGS
3.3.1 Background
3.3.2 Printing and CIGS Photovoltaics
3.4 Printed Electrodes for CdTe and CIGS
3.4.1 Front Electrodes
3.4.2 Nanomaterials and Alternative Approaches to Electrodes
3.5 Key Points in this Chapter

Chapter Four: Opportunities for Printed Organic PV and Dye Sensitized Cells
4.1 Background: OPV and DSC
4.1.1 Screen Printing and OPV/DSC
4.1.2 Inkjet and OPV/DSC
4.1.3 Other Printing Approaches
4.2 Printing and OPV
4.2.1 OPV Architecture
4.2.2 Role of Printing in OPV Production
4.2.3 Konarka
4.2.4 Plextronics
4.3 Printing and DSC Photovoltaics
4.3.1 DSC Architecture
4.3.2 Printing DSC Photoactive Materials
4.3.3 G24 Innovations
4.3.4 Dyesol
4.4 Printed Electrodes for OPV and DSC
4.4.1 Printing OPV Electrodes
4.4.2 Printing DSC Electrodes
4.5 Key Points in this Chapter

Chapter Five: Eight-Year Forecasts of Printed Photovoltaics
5.1 Forecasting Methodology
5.1.1 What We are Forecasting
5.1.2 Forecasting Uncertainties
5.1.3 Data Sources
5.1.4 Alternative Scenarios and Other Factors Taken Into Consideration
5.2 Forecasts of Printed Silicon-Based Photovoltaics
5.3 Forecasts of Printed CdTe and CIGS Photovoltaics
5.4 Forecasts of Printed DSC and OPV
5.5 Summary of Forecasts for Printed Photovoltaics

Acronyms and Abbreviations Used in this Report

About the Author

List of Exhibits

Exhibit E-1: Comparison of Common Printing Processes
Exhibit E-2: Organic Solar Cell Manufacturing
Exhibit E-3: Printed PV Markets: Total Market ($ Millions)
Exhibit 3-1: Manufacturing Approaches Adopted by CIGS Solar Panel Firms
Exhibit 4-1: Prototypical OPV Structure and Materials
Exhibit 4-2: Konarka's OPV-based Material Targets for 2010
Exhibit 4-3: DSC Structure and Materials
Exhibit 4-4: Dyesol DSC products
Exhibit 4-5: Agfa's Orgacon Line
Exhibit 4-6: H.C. Starck PEDOT: PSS Materials
Exhibit 5-1: Printed PV Markets: Silicon
Exhibit 5-2: Printed PV Markets: CdTe and CIGS
Exhibit 5-3: Printed PV Markets: DSCs
Exhibit 5-4: Printed PV Markets: OPV
Exhibit 5-5: Printed PV Markets: Total Market
Note: Product cover images may vary from those shown
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Note: Product cover images may vary from those shown