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The 2009-2014 Outlook for EEG/EMG/brain Function Monitoring Equipment in The Middle East & Africa - Product Image

The 2009-2014 Outlook for EEG/EMG/brain Function Monitoring Equipment in The Middle East & Africa

  • ID: 1064504
  • July 2009
  • Region: Africa, East Africa, Middle East
  • 81 pages
  • ICON Group International

WHAT IS LATENT DEMAND AND THE P.I.E.?

The concept of latent demand is rather subtle. The term latent typically refers to something that is dormant, not observable or not yet realized. Demand is the notion of an economic quantity that a target population or market requires under different assumptions of price, quality, and distribution, among other factors. Latent demand, therefore, is commonly defined by economists as the industry earnings of a market when that market becomes accessible and attractive to serve by competing firms. It is a measure, therefore, of potential industry earnings (P.I.E.) or total revenues (not profit) if a market is served in an efficient manner. It is typically expressed as the total revenues potentially extracted by firms. The “market” is defined at a given level in the value chain. There can be latent demand at the retail level, at the wholesale level, the manufacturing level, and the raw materials level (the P.I.E. of higher levels of the value chain being always smaller than the P.I.E. of levels at lower levels of the same value chain, assuming all levels maintain minimum profitability).

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1 INTRODUCTION 1
1.1 Overview 1
1.2 What is Latent Demand and the P.I.E.? 1
1.3 The Methodology 2
1.3.1 Step 1. Product Definition and Data Collection 4
1.3.2 Step 2. Filtering and Smoothing 5
1.3.3 Step 3. Filling in Missing Values 6
1.3.4 Step 4. Varying Parameter, Non-linear Estimation 6
1.3.5 Step 5. Fixed-Parameter Linear Estimation 7
1.3.6 Step 6. Aggregation and Benchmarking 7
1.3.7 Step 7. Latent Demand Density: Allocating Across Cities 7
2 THE MIDDLE EAST & AFRICA 9
2.1 Executive Summary 9
2.2 Afghanistan 11
2.3 Algeria 12
2.4 Angola 13
2.5 Armenia 14
2.6 Azerbaijan 15
2.7 Bahrain 16
2.8 Benin 16
2.9 Botswana 17
2.10 Burkina Faso 18
2.11 Burundi 19
2.12 Cameroon 19
2.13 Cape Verde 20
2.14 Central African Republic 21
2.15 Chad 21
2.16 Comoros 22
2.17 Congo (formerly Zaire) 23
2.18 Cote dIvoire 24
2.19 Djibouti 25
2.20 Egypt 25
2.21 Equatorial Guinea 26
2.22 Ethiopia 27
2.23 Gabon 28
2.24 Ghana 28
2.25 Guinea 29
2.26 Guinea-Bissau 30
2.27 Iran 31
2.28 Iraq 32
2.29 Israel 33
2.30 Jordan 34
2.31 Kenya 35
2.32 Kuwait 36
2.33 Kyrgyzstan 36
2.34 Lebanon 37
2.35 Lesotho 38
2.36 Liberia 38
2.37 Libya 39
2.38 Madagascar 40
2.39 Malawi 41
2.40 Mali 41
2.41 Mauritania 42
2.42 Mauritius 43
2.43 Morocco 43
2.44 Mozambique 44
2.45 Namibia 45
2.46 Niger 45
2.47 Nigeria 46
2.48 Oman 47
2.49 Pakistan 48
2.50 Palestine 49
2.51 Qatar 49
2.52 Republic of Congo 50
2.53 Reunion 51
2.54 Rwanda 51
2.55 Sao Tome E Principe 52
2.56 Saudi Arabia 53
2.57 Senegal 54
2.58 Sierra Leone 54
2.59 Somalia 55
2.60 South Africa 56
2.61 Sudan 57
2.62 Swaziland 58
2.63 Syrian Arab Republic 59
2.64 Tajikistan 60
2.65 Tanzania 61
2.66 The Gambia 62
2.67 The United Arab Emirates 63
2.68 Togo 63
2.69 Tunisia 64
2.70 Turkey 65
2.71 Turkmenistan 66
2.72 Uganda 67
2.73 Uzbekistan 68
2.74 Western Sahara 69
2.75 Yemen 69
2.76 Zambia 70
2.77 Zimbabwe 71
3 DISCLAIMERS, WARRANTEES, AND USER AGREEMENT PROVISIONS 72
3.1 Disclaimers & Safe Harbor 72
3.2 Icon Group International, Inc. User Agreement Provisions 73

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