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The 2010-2015 World Outlook for Electronic Toll Collection (ETC) Systems - Product Image

The 2010-2015 World Outlook for Electronic Toll Collection (ETC) Systems

  • Published: July 2009
  • Region: Global
  • 199 pages
  • ICON Group International

WHAT IS LATENT DEMAND AND THE P.I.E.?

The concept of latent demand is rather subtle. The term latent typically refers to something that is dormant, not observable or not yet realized. Demand is the notion of an economic quantity that a target population or market requires under different assumptions of price, quality, and distribution, among other factors. Latent demand, therefore, is commonly defined by economists as the industry earnings of a market when that market becomes accessible and attractive to serve by competing firms. It is a measure, therefore, of potential industry earnings (P.I.E.) or total revenues (not profit) if a market is served in an efficient manner. It is typically expressed as the total revenues potentially extracted by firms. The “market” is defined at a given level in the value chain. There can be latent demand at the retail level, at the wholesale level, the manufacturing level, and the raw materials level (the P.I.E. of higher levels of the value chain being always smaller than the P.I.E. of levels at lower levels of the same value chain, assuming all levels maintain minimum profitability).

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1 INTRODUCTION 1
1.1 Overview 1
1.2 What is Latent Demand and the P.I.E.? 1
1.3 The Methodology 2
1.3.1 Step 1. Product Definition and Data Collection 4
1.3.2 Step 2. Filtering and Smoothing 5
1.3.3 Step 3. Filling in Missing Values 6
1.3.4 Step 4. Varying Parameter, Non-linear Estimation 6
1.3.5 Step 5. Fixed-Parameter Linear Estimation 7
1.3.6 Step 6. Aggregation and Benchmarking 7
1.3.7 Step 7. Latent Demand Density: Allocating Across Cities 7
2 SUMMARY OF FINDINGS 9
2.1 The Worldwide Market Potential 9
3 AFRICA 11
3.1 Executive Summary 11
3.2 Algeria 12
3.3 Angola 13
3.4 Benin 14
3.5 Botswana 14
3.6 Burkina Faso 15
3.7 Burundi 16
3.8 Cameroon 16
3.9 Cape Verde 17
3.10 Central African Republic 18
3.11 Chad 18
3.12 Comoros 19
3.13 Congo (formerly Zaire) 20
3.14 Cote dIvoire 21
3.15 Djibouti 21
3.16 Egypt 22
3.17 Equatorial Guinea 23
3.18 Ethiopia 23
3.19 Gabon 24
3.20 Ghana 25
3.21 Guinea 26
3.22 Guinea-Bissau 26
3.23 Kenya 27
3.24 Lesotho 28
3.25 Liberia 28
3.26 Libya 29
3.27 Madagascar 30
3.28 Malawi 30
3.29 Mali 31
3.30 Mauritania 32
3.31 Mauritius 32
3.32 Morocco 33
3.33 Mozambique 34
3.34 Namibia 34
3.35 Niger 35
3.36 Nigeria 36
3.37 Republic of Congo 37
3.38 Reunion 37
3.39 Rwanda 38
3.40 Sao Tome E Principe 39
3.41 Senegal 39
3.42 Sierra Leone 40
3.43 Somalia 41
3.44 South Africa 41
3.45 Sudan 42
3.46 Swaziland 43
3.47 Tanzania 43
3.48 The Gambia 44
3.49 Togo 45
3.50 Tunisia 46
3.51 Uganda 47
3.52 Western Sahara 48
3.53 Zambia 48
3.54 Zimbabwe 49
4 ASIA 51
4.1 Executive Summary 51
4.2 Bangladesh 52
4.3 Bhutan 53
4.4 Brunei 54
4.5 Burma 54
4.6 Cambodia 55
4.7 China 56
4.8 Hong Kong 57
4.9 India 57
4.10 Indonesia 58
4.11 Japan 59
4.12 Laos 60
4.13 Macau 61
4.14 Malaysia 62
4.15 Maldives 63
4.16 Mongolia 63
4.17 Nepal 64
4.18 North Korea 65
4.19 Papua New Guinea 66
4.20 Philippines 66
4.21 Seychelles 67
4.22 Singapore 68
4.23 South Korea 68
4.24 Sri Lanka 69
4.25 Taiwan 70
4.26 Thailand 71
4.27 Vietnam 71
5 EUROPE 73
5.1 Executive Summary 73
5.2 Albania 74
5.3 Andorra 75
5.4 Austria 76
5.5 Belarus 77
5.6 Belgium 78
5.7 Bosnia and Herzegovina 79
5.8 Bulgaria 80
5.9 Croatia 81
5.10 Cyprus 81
5.11 Czech Republic 82
5.12 Denmark 83
5.13 Estonia 84
5.14 Finland 84
5.15 France 85
5.16 Georgia 86
5.17 Germany 87
5.18 Greece 88
5.19 Hungary 89
5.20 Iceland 90
5.21 Ireland 91
5.22 Italy 91
5.23 Kazakhstan 92
5.24 Latvia 93
5.25 Liechtenstein 94
5.26 Lithuania 95
5.27 Luxembourg 95
5.28 Malta 96
5.29 Moldova 97
5.30 Monaco 97
5.31 Norway 98
5.32 Poland 99
5.33 Portugal 100
5.34 Romania 101
5.35 Russia 102
5.36 San Marino 103
5.37 Slovakia 103
5.38 Slovenia 104
5.39 Spain 105
5.40 Sweden 106
5.41 Switzerland 107
5.42 The Netherlands 108
5.43 The United Kingdom 109
5.44 Ukraine 110
6 OCEANA 111
6.1 Executive Summary 111
6.2 American Samoa 112
6.3 Australia 113
6.4 Christmas Island 114
6.5 Cook Islands 114
6.6 Fiji 115
6.7 French Polynesia 116
6.8 Guam 116
6.9 Kiribati 117
6.10 Marshall Islands 118
6.11 Micronesia Federation 118
6.12 Nauru 119
6.13 New Caledonia 120
6.14 New Zealand 120
6.15 Niue 121
6.16 Norfolk Island 122
6.17 Palau 122
6.18 Solomon Islands 123
6.19 The Northern Mariana Island 124
6.20 Tokelau 124
6.21 Tonga 125
6.22 Tuvalu 126
6.23 Vanuatu 126
6.24 Wallis and Futuna 127
6.25 Western Samoa 128
7 THE AMERICAS & THE CARIBBEAN 129
7.1 Executive Summary 129
7.2 Antigua and Barbuda 131
7.3 Argentina 131
7.4 Aruba 132
7.5 Barbados 133
7.6 Belize 133
7.7 Bermuda 134
7.8 Bolivia 135
7.9 Brazil 135
7.10 Canada 136
7.11 Chile 137
7.12 Colombia 138
7.13 Costa Rica 139
7.14 Cuba 140
7.15 Dominica 141
7.16 Dominican Republic 141
7.17 Ecuador 142
7.18 El Salvador 143
7.19 French Guiana 143
7.20 Greenland 144
7.21 Grenada 145
7.22 Guadeloupe 145
7.23 Guatemala 146
7.24 Guyana 147
7.25 Haiti 147
7.26 Honduras 148
7.27 Jamaica 149
7.28 Martinique 149
7.29 Mexico 150
7.30 Nicaragua 151
7.31 Panama 152
7.32 Paraguay 153
7.33 Peru 154
7.34 Puerto Rico 155
7.35 St. Kitts and Nevis 156
7.36 St. Lucia 156
7.37 St. Vincent and the Grenadines 157
7.38 Suriname 158
7.39 The Bahamas 158
7.40 The British Virgin Islands 159
7.41 The Cayman Islands 160
7.42 The Falkland Islands 160
7.43 The Netherlands Antilles 161
7.44 The U.S. Virgin Islands 162
7.45 The United States 163
7.46 Trinidad and Tobago 164
7.47 Uruguay 164
7.48 Venezuela 165
8 THE MIDDLE EAST 167
8.1 Executive Summary 167
8.2 Afghanistan 168
8.3 Armenia 169
8.4 Azerbaijan 170
8.5 Bahrain 171
8.6 Iran 172
8.7 Iraq 173
8.8 Israel 174
8.9 Jordan 174
8.10 Kuwait 175
8.11 Kyrgyzstan 176
8.12 Lebanon 176
8.13 Oman 177
8.14 Pakistan 178
8.15 Palestine 179
8.16 Qatar 179
8.17 Saudi Arabia 180
8.18 Syrian Arab Republic 181
8.19 Tajikistan 182
8.20 The United Arab Emirates 182
8.21 Turkey 183
8.22 Turkmenistan 184
8.23 Uzbekistan 184
8.24 Yemen 185
9 DISCLAIMERS, WARRANTEES, AND USER AGREEMENT PROVISIONS 187
9.1 Disclaimers & Safe Harbor 187
9.2 Icon Group International, Inc. User Agreement Provisions 188

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