Pricing and Reimbursement in Russia - Big Pharma Take Advantage of Reimbursement for Costly Drugs Through the DLO's Seven Nosologies Program
- Language: English
- 53 Pages
- Published: April 2012
- Region: Russia
On the demand side, exporters and strategic planners focusing on cermets and articles thereof including waste and scrap in Russia face a number of questions. Which countries are supplying cermets and articles thereof including waste and scrap to Russia? How important is Russia compared to others in terms of the entire global and regional market? How much do the imports of cermets and articles thereof including waste and scrap vary from one country of origin to another in Russia? On the supply side, Russia also exports cermets and articles thereof including waste and scrap. Which countries receive the most exports from Russia? How are these exports concentrated across buyers? What is the value of these exports and which countries are the largest buyers?
This report was created for strategic planners, international marketing executives and import/export managers who are concerned with the market for cermets and articles thereof including waste and scrap in Russia. With the globalization of this market, managers can no longer be contented with a local view. Nor can managers be contented with out-of-date statistics which appear several years after the fact. I have developed a methodology, based on macroeconomic and trade models, to estimate the market for cermets and articles thereof including waste and scrap for those countries serving Russia via exports, or supplying from Russia via imports. It does so for the current year based on a variety of key historical indicators and econometric models.
In what follows, Chapter 2 begins by summarizing where Russia fits into the world market for imported and exported cermets and articles thereof including waste and scrap. The total level of imports and exports on a worldwide basis, and those for Russia in particular, is estimated using a model which aggregates across over 150 key country markets and projects these to the current year. From there, each country represents a percent of the world market. This market is served from a number of competitive countries of origin. Based on both demand- and supply-side dynamics, market shares by country of origin are then calculated across each country market destination. These shares lead to a volume of import and export values for each country and are aggregated to regional and world totals. In doing so, we are able to obtain maximum likelihood estimates of both the value of each market and the share that Russia is likely to receive this year. From these figures, rankings are calculated to allow managers to prioritize Russia compared to other major country markets. In this way, all the figures provided in this report are forecasts that can be combined with internal information sources for strategic planning purposes.
After the worldwide summary in Chapter 2 of both imports and exports of cermets and articles thereof including waste and scrap, Chapter 3 goes into detail on imports, but for each major country of origin serving Russia. A “major” market is defined as a country where Russia represents a substantially large share of either imports or exports. For each major country exporting to Russia, one can thus observe how important Russia is to that exporting country compared to other countries of the world. Chapter 4 does the same, but for exports of cermets and articles thereof including waste and scrap originating from Russia, for each major country of destination. In doing so, one can discover the share that Russia has in each major market; this share value is often used as a measure of competitiveness for Russia. In all cases, the total dollar volume and percentage share values by major trading partner are provided. Combined, Chapters 3 and 4 present a the total picture for imports and exports of cermets and articles thereof including waste and scrap to and from Russia to and from all other major countries in the world. "Cermets and Articles Thereof Including Waste and Scrap" as a category is defined in this report following the definition given by the United Nations Statistics Division Classification Registry using the Standard International Trade Classification, Revision 3 (SITC, Rev. 3). The SITC code that defined "cermets and articles thereof including waste and scrap" is 68999 . For more information on this definition, please refer to the following web site:
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1 INTRODUCTION AND METHODOLOGY
2 RUSSIA AND THE WORLD MARKET
2.1 Imports in Russia in 2009
2.2 Exports from Russia in 2009
3 IMPORTS IN RUSSIA
3.2.8 the Netherlands
3.3 North America & the Caribbean
3.3.1 the United States
4 EXPORTS FROM RUSSIA
5 DISCLAIMERS, WARRANTEES, AND USER AGREEMENT PROVISIONS
5.1 Disclaimers & Safe Harbor
5.2 ICON Group Ltd. User Agreement Provisions