- Language: English
- 68 Pages
- Published: January 2008
- Region: Africa
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Green Base Stations: Renewable Energy Becomes a Reality in Cellular Infrastructure
- Published: September 2009
- Region: Global
- 21 Pages
In just the last few years, the number of worldwide cellular base stations has grown from numbering in the hundred thousands to the many millions, and with this explosion in base station numbers has come with it the fear for all the greenhouse gases and pollution that powering a cellular network creates.
This report cover these two important aspects of green base stations, 1) powering base stations with solar and wind where reliable power doesn't exist and 2) reducing the energy demands of all cellular infrastructure. Five-year forecasts in this report include the number of on-grid base stations in developing regions, the number of off-grid/unreliable-grid base stations in these areas, and the number of solar, wind, and solar/wind combo base stations in these areas. Forecasts are broken out for three regions: Africa, South Asia, and Latin/South America & Caribbean.
The Greening of Wireless Infrastructure Introduction
- Powering Base Stations Where There Is None
- Green Base Stations and Technology
-- Power Usage
-- Environmental Factors
-- Network Level
-- Operator Specific Announcements
List of Tables
Table 1. Deployed Cellular Macro Base Stations in Africa, 2008–2014 (Units)
Table 2. Deployed Cellular Macro Base Stations in Latin/South America and Caribbean, 2008–2014 (Units)
Table 3. Deployed Cellular Macro Base Stations in South Asia, 2008–2014 (Units)
Table 4. Deployed Cellular Macro Base Stations in Developing Regions, 2008–2014 (Units)
List of Figures
Figure 1. Telecom Italia Solar Powered BTS Antenna
Figure 2. Ericsson’s Tower Tube Base Station Enclosure With Wind Turbine
Figure 3. Deployed Alternatively Powered Cellular Macro Base Stations in Developing Regions, 2008–2014 (Units)
Figure 4. Deployed On-Grid vs. Off-Grid Cellular Macro Base Stations in Developing Regions, 2008–2014 (Units)
Solar, Wind Power Enable ‘Green’ Cell Base Station Market; For Operators, it Pays to be Green
In the last few years, the number of worldwide cellular base stations has exploded from the hundreds of thousands to the many millions, creating greenhouse gases and pollution from the power required to run them. Base stations on an electric grid aren’t the real problem, but as cellular spreads to billions of people in emerging countries, off-grid base stations, which are usually powered by diesel generators running 24/7, proliferate.
“While diesel pollution is an environmental issue, what bothers operators the most is the cost of powering and securing the generators,” says Allen Nogee, In-Stat analyst. “Diesel fuel has to be trucked to remote sites, and theft of diesel fuel and equipment can cost operators millions of dollars. The solution is for operators to at least partially power remote base stations with wind turbines, solar panels, or both. This is truly a case where it pays to be green.”
Recent research found the following:
- By 2014, over 230,000 cellular base stations in developing countries will be solar-powered or wind-powered.
- The number of off-grid base stations is growing at 30% per year.
- Off-grid base stations are primarily located in Africa, South Asia (including India), South America, Latin America, and the Caribbean.
Recent research, Green Base Stations: Renewable Energy Becomes a Reality in Cellular Infrastructure, covers the market for cellular base station technology in the developing world. It includes:
- Forecasts of deployed solar- and wind-powered base stations through 2014.
- Analysis of green base station technology including costs and benefits.
- Recent green base station technology developments by Huawei, NEC, Nokia Siemens, Ericsson, and Alcatel-Lucent