India Coal Mining Market Overview and Forecast to 2020: Trends, Fiscal Regime, Major Projects, and Competitive Landscape
- Published: August 2011
- Region: India
India has envisaged to add a capacity of approximately 78000MW to meet the growing power demand in the country during the 11th Five Year Plan out of which about 50570 MW is being planned through coal based thermal power projects only. An ambitious target of 36 MT was kept for 2008-2009 from captive coal blocks but actual production during the year was only 30 MT resulting in a shortfall of around 17% against the target. An ambitious target of 104 MT has been kept for 2011-12, the terminal year of the Xlth Five Year Plan and to achieve this, requires a growth rate of around 35-40% in captive block segment.
During last few years with growing thermal power generation, coal supply is proving to be a major cause of concern. With such a massive coal based capacity addition planned, there were apprehensions that coal companies may not be able to cater to the enhanced coal requirement.
The shortage scenario in the country multiplied with production deficit of CIL and its subsidiaries forced the coal ministry to think of an alternative and it decided to allocate captive mines to the bulk users of coal such as power, cement industries. The incumbent power utilities and cement industries have no previous experience of coal mine development, it was apprehended that the mine development may get delayed which would in turn defeat the very purpose of allocation.
The apprehension is just coming out to be true as after allocating approximately 210 blocks, only 24 blocks could start production as of date. Coal ministry is always put to blame for its method of allocation of captive coal blocks as developers are not putting serious effort to start mining and all clearance hurdles, R&R issues; infrastructure problems add salt to injuries.
The much awaited coal reforms to open up the sector has been debated for quite a long time and it is yet to see the light of the day. Forming of Coal regulator, competitive bidding of coal blocks is in the pipeline of coal ministry’s agenda.
Though Coal Controller Organization has the responsibility to monitor the development of coal blocks, it is marred with its inherent problems that sometimes show its inability to monitor such huge number of coal blocks along with its end use plants monitoring. CEA along with NTPC also monitors the development of coal blocks specifically allotted to power projects. Besides all the monitoring, show cause notice and de-allotment nothing seems to be going in the right direction for captive coal block development in India.
This report brings forth a report on Captive coal mining in India which not only provides comprehensive details of captive coal blocks allotted to different companies but also covers the end use progress of linked power projects. It also highlights the procedural delays faced by coal block developers, financing issues, issues related to joint block development etc.
- This first ever report on Coal Sector is an effort to showcase the crucial details of captive coal blocks along with its end use project status. The report is scheduled to be released on 2nd week of October 2009.
- The 300 page Report comprehensively covers details on 100 captive coal blocks covering all coal producing states in India.
The Report elucidates facts about Captive Coal Mining in India supplemented by latest industry data and comprehensive analysis. Emphasis is laid on the following key subject matters to accomplish the report.
- The characteristics of the industry (highly regulated, monopolistic, inelastic demand, seasonal supply, high risk industry, environmental issues and duty structure) are discussed in detail.
- The industry structure along with the regulatory framework within which the Industry players operate have been explained.
- Map of Major Coal fields in India with Captive coal block’s allotment status
- Domestic Coal demand from different coal consuming sectors (power, steel, cement) has been analysed.
- The reports projection on sector-wise demand for coal for FY09-10 is presented along with demand projections by other competent authorities
- The challenges and steps that need to be taken to further the interest of the industry especially in captive coal mining have been discussed along with SWOT analysis of the industry. The report on captive coal mining has following details
The major highlights of captive coal report include detailed analysis of coal blocks having information related to:
- Project Developer
- Locational Details (District/Village/Taluk/State)
- Co-ordinates of Coal Blocks
- Mine Capacity
- Coal Reserves
- Grade of Coal
- Estimated Cost
- Type of Mine
- Lease Area
- Seam Details
- Method of Mining
- Stripping Ratio
- Production year
- End Use Project
- Regulatory Clearance
- Major Hurdles
- Core Zone/Buffer Zone details (if any)
The authors conducted an extensive survey over a period of 10 months to collect the data of the individual captive coal blocks with its status and major barriers in coal block development of each individual blocks keeping in mind the interest of the following stakeholders:
Who should buy the report/ Prospective Buyers
- Coal producers
- Coal brokers, traders, sales organizations
- Metal and steel producers consuming coal
- Power producers
- Power traders
- Cement manufacturers
- Equipment manufacturers
- Logistics providers for the industry
- Technology providers
- Financial services professionals
- Government and regulatory bodies
- Industry Associations/Institutions
- Coal Consultants and R & D Professionals
- Law firms
- Environmental awareness bodies
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