- Language: English
- 175 Pages
- Published: December 2011
- Region: Brazil, China, Russia, United States
Ghana Mining Report Q4 2009
- Published: October 2009
- Region: Ghana
- 54 Pages
- Business Monitor International
This Ghana Mining Report provides industry professionals and strategists, corporate analysts, mining associations, government departments and regulatory bodies with independent forecasts and competitive intelligence on Ghana's mining industry.
Ghana contains the second largest area of gold deposits in the African region after South Africa. The nation derives the bulk of its external revenue from gold mining, which accounts for over 90% of Ghana’s total mineral exports. Apart from gold, Ghana also produces significant quantities of bauxite and diamonds. The country is also counted among the top five nations across the globe for its manganese ore production. Ghana is home to some of the biggest names from the global extractive industry: Gold Fields (Ghana), Newmont Ghana and South Africa’s AngloGold Ashanti.
In 2008, overall revenues from the Ghanaian mining sector reached US$2.3bn, an increase of 28% yearon- year (y-o-y), according to figures released by the Ghana Chamber of Mines in June 2009. Gold revenues stood at US$2.2bn, with output of 2.6mn oz (up 4% y-o-y) selling at an average realised price of US$852 per oz. Manganese revenue was up by a stellar 69%, to US$62.34mn, while bauxite revenue was essentially flat, at US$19.81mn.
Looking forward, Chamber of Mines President Jurgen Eijgendaal said that 2009 would be a mixed year for Ghana’s mining industry. He expects gold to perform well, while bauxite and manganese exports could fall as a result of a decline in demand.
Though the mining industry has been successful in attracting foreign capital, it has also been subject to criticism from the Ghanaian government, environmentalists and human rights activists. Foreign players have been known to exploit legal loopholes and abuse both human rights as well as the environment. However, stakeholders in the mining sector claim that regulations pertaining to compensation need to be updated; that the price levels for valuing crops, livestock and landed property have not been reviewed for a number of years. They also point out that in other African countries, such as Tanzania, the state pays the compensation and not the miner.
The basic law governing the mining industry is the Minerals and Mining Act 2006 (Act 703). Under the law, the president holds the power to grant mining rights. However, the pressure to amend the law and allow farmers to have a say in authorising their lands for mining activity is increasingly gaining favour in the country, and is being seen as a necessary move to crack down on the rampant exploitation of the environment by mining industries.
Frequent disruption to power supplies is another challenge and continues to escalate operating costs in mining operations. In June 2008, the Ghanaian cabinet gave the go-ahead for the country to develop a nuclear power sector. If realised, the new plant will diversify the country’s power sector and offer the boost in generation that Ghana requires to meet demand.
With gold being Ghana’s principal asset and prices remaining strong, forecasts for the mining sector in Ghana are more positive than for some of its African neighbours. In calculating its forecasts, BMI has also taken account of the vast untapped potential of Ghana’s mining industry. In recognition of this potential, the publisher expects the value of the mining industry to increase from US$0.74bn in 2008 to US$1.02bn in 2013.
However, Ghana is still many leagues behind South Africa when it comes to regulations to protect the rights of communities in the vicinity of mining operations. Injustice against the mining communities and lack of proper compensation is an everyday affair that usually passes unnoticed. Indeed, according to the Ministry of Mines and Energy, approximately 30% of Ghana’s land is under concession to mining companies, and every year more farmland is converted for this use. The Commission on Human Rights and Administrative Justice (CHRAJ) claims that Ghana’s mining laws are designed to attract foreign investors and not to protect the rights of communities. Particular problems include the pollution of water sources, the deprivation of land and the loss of livelihoods. SHOW LESS READ MORE >
- Ghana Political SWOT
- Ghana Economic SWOT
- Ghana Business SWOT
Special Focus: Outlook For Global Mining
- Table: Biggest Chinese Acquisitions In Australia Since 2005
- Table: Global Mining – Top Five Companies By Market Capitalisation (US$mn)
- Table: Global Mining – Key Players’ Future Investment Plans (selected projects)
Industry Trends And Developments
- Table: Mines In Ghana
- Regulatory Structure And Developments
- Key Projects
- Regional Mining Overview – Africa
- Table: Africa Mining Business Environment Ranking
- Limits To Potential Returns
- Risks To Realisation Of Returns
- Political Environment
Industry Forecast Scenario
- Metal Prices Outlook
- Aluminium To Average US$1,700/tonne In 2009
- Table: BMI Aluminium Forecast
- Table: Aluminium
- Copper To Average US$4,800/tonne In 2009
- Table: BMI Copper Forecast
- Table: Copper
- Commodities Forecast – Gold To Average US$920.00/oz In 2009
- Table: BMI Gold Forecast
- Global Industry Overview
- Regional Analysis
- Ghana – Mining Industry Forecast
- Table: Ghana – Mining Industry Forecast
- Table: Ghana Mining – Key Players
- Company Monitor
- Gold Fields
- Newmont Ghana
- AngloGold Ashanti
- Table: BMI’s Global Assumptions, 2007-2013
- Table: Global And Regional Real GDP Growth, 2008-2011
- Table: Developed Market Exchange Rates, 2008-2011 (average)
- Table: Key Emerging Market Exchange Rates, 2008-2011 (average against US dollar)
Appendix: Business Environment Ratings
- Ratings Overview
- Table: Mining Business Environment Indicators
- Gold Fields,
- Newmont Ghana,
- AngloGold Ashanti