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Nursing Models: Application to Practice

  • ID: 1196254
  • Book
  • January 2010
  • Region: Europe
  • 288 Pages
  • Quay books
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The demands of the 21st century challenge nurses to use knowledge to contribute to the health of individuals and the good of society. As a discipline nursing has made great strides in recent decades in knowledge-based practice as theoretical frameworks were developed to guide practice and research. Good, up-to-date literature that reflects these developments makes an important contribution to the use of knowledge in practice. This book makes a significant contribution to the available literature. First, it is a fresh conceptualisation of a book on nursing models. It initially offers a clear and direct discussion of what models are, which can be useful for the neophyte who does not have this background or for the experienced scholar searching for the words to articulate the meaning and significance of nursing models. Higher level concepts such as paradigms are explained and integrated into the reader’s understanding. A brief history provides a context for appreciating the work that has gone before and the challenges that lie ahead.

Secondly, it is a privilege to introduce this book because the design of the chapters allows for in depth applications to many areas of nursing practice. By selecting seven major models the authors succeed in describing and critiquing each model in sufficient detail and clarity for both beginners and advanced readers. By limiting the number of models covered, it is possible to go into depth both on the theoretical application to practice and to give case studies as well as pertinent literature reviews of use of the model in practice as well as in research. The authors provide a teaching instrument that is greatly needed in nursing education in both academic and clinical settings. They have managed to provide the emphasis that is needed to move theory-based practice to a new level.

The chapter authors as a group have responded to the challenge of taking a broad theoretical perspective on nursing practice for individuals, families, and communities. At the same time the details of specific theoretical approaches are addressed. The reader obtains a more comprehensive view of theory-based practice by comparing how each model approaches given clinical situations in settings from the hospital to the home and community. The authors handle issues of different healthcare systems and different cultures in a straightforward manner so that the flow of thought is not interrupted. The work can provide the basis for highlighting the role of nurses in interdisciplinary team approaches to the increasingly complex health challenges of our time.
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Preface
Foreword Callista Roy
Foreword Alison Tierney
Acknowledgements

Chapter 1 What are nursing models and why do we need them?
Chapter 2 Paradigms and metaparadigms
Chapter 3 The history of nursing models
Chapter 4 Hildegard Paplau’s Interpersonal Relations Model
Chapter 5 Imogene King’s Conceptual System and Theory of Goal Attainment
Chapter 6 Calista Roy’s Adaptation Model
Chapter 7 Betty Neuman’s Systems Model
Chapter 8 Dorothea Orem’s Self-Care Model
Chapter 9 The Roper-Logan-Tierney Model
Chapter 10 The Tidal Model of mental health recovery and reclamation
Chapter 11 Critiquing nursing models in the era of evidence-informed practice

Index
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John Cutcliffe is currently an Adjunct Professor at the University of Ulster
(UK), and the University of Malta; most recently he held the ‘David G.
Braithwaite’ Endowed Professorial Chair of Nursing at the University of
Texas (Tyler), USA.

Hugh McKenna is a Professor and Dean at the University of Ulster and he
holds several adjunct appointments.

Kristiina Hyrkäs is at present Director of the Center for Nursing Research
and Quality Outcomes at Maine Medical Center, Portland, Maine, USA. She
is also an Adjunct Professor of Nursing at the University of Southern Maine,
College of Nursing and Health Professions.
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