- Published: March 2010
- Region: Greece
Jobs for Youth/Des Emplois pour les jeunes: Japan 2009
- Published: January 2009
- Region: Japan
- 132 Pages
- OECD Publishing
Despite some progress in recent years, young people face significant challenges in the labour market.
Improving the performance of youth on the labour market is a crucial challenge in OECD countries facing persistent youth unemployment. The labour market is becoming more and more selective and the lack of relevant skills brings a higher risk of unemployment.
Whatever the level of diploma, first experiences on the labour market have a profound influence on later working life. Getting off to a good start facilitates integration, while a failure can be difficult to make up.
Efforts will require co-coordinated policies to bring education system closer to the labour market, to help disadvantaged young people to find a job or participate in a training course and to facilitate the hiring of young people by firms.
OECD has launched a series of reports in 16 countries including Japan. Each report contains a survey of the main barriers to employment for young people and an assessment of the adequacy and effectiveness of existing measures to improve the transition from school to work.
This report is based on the proceedings of a seminar and is published in English only. However, a French translation of the summary and main recommendations has been included in this volume.
Summary and Main Recommendations
Chapter 1. The Challenge Ahead
-1. Demographics and Labour Market Outcomes
-2. The Transition from School to Work
-3. Key Points
Chapter 2. Education and Training
-1. The Overall Performance of the Education System
-2. Upper Secondary Education and the Labour Market
-3. Tertiary Education and the Labour Market
-4. Between School and Work
-6. Key Points
Chapter 3. Tackling Demand-Side Barriers to Youth Employment
-1. Employment Practices
-2. The Seniority Pay System
-3. Employment Protection Legislation and Youth Labour Market
-4. Key Points
Chapter 4. Active Labour Market Policies and Benefits
-1. Recent Measures to Improve Youth Labour Market Performance
-2. Public and Private Employment Services
-3. Unemployment Benefits
-4. Key Points