- Published: August 2009
- Region: France
Jobs for Youth/Des Emplois pour les jeunes: Australia 2009
- Published: April 2009
- Region: Australia
- 150 Pages
- OECD Publishing
Improving the performance of youth on the labour market is a crucial challenge in OECD countries facing persistent youth unemployment. The labour market is becoming more and more selective and the lack of relevant skills brings a higher risk of unemployment.
Whatever the level of diploma, first experiences on the labour market have a profound influence on later working life. Getting off to a good start facilitates integration, while a failure can be difficult to make up.
Efforts will require co-coordinated policies to bring education system closer to the labour market, to help disadvantaged young people to find a job or participate in a training course and to facilitate the hiring of young people by firms.
OECD has launched a series of reports in 16 countries, including Australia. Each report contains a survey of the main barriers to employment for young people and an assessment of the adequacy and effectiveness of existing measures to improve the transition from school to work.
This report is based on the proceedings of a seminar and is published in English only. However, a French translation of the summary and main recommendations has been included in this volume.
Summary and Main Recommendations
Chapter 1. The Challenge Ahead
-1. Demographics and Major Labour Market Outcomes
-2. Transition from School to Work
-3. Key Points
Chapter 2. Initial Education and On-the-Job Training
-1. The Provision of Education Services: A Complex Pattern of Responsibilities
-2. Performance of the Education System
-3. Strategies to Improve Educational Attainment
-4. Between School and Work
-5. Job-Related Training
-6. Key Points
Chapter 3. Demand-Side Opportunities and Barriers
-1. Australia's Labour Market
-2. Youth unemployment and the Business Cycle
-3. Starting Wages and Labour Relations
-4. Non-Wage Costs and Other Barriers to Employment
-5. Moving Up the Wage Ladder, Low-Pay Persistence?
-6. Wage Discrimination?
-7. Key Points
Chapter 4. The Role of Welfare and Activation Policies
-1. Income Support in Australia
-2. Statistical Evidence about Youth on Income Support
-3. The 2008-09 Reforms by the Labour Government
-4. Key Points