- Published: July 2010
- Region: Italy
OECD Rural Policy Reviews: Italy 2009
- Published: June 2009
- Region: Italy
- 228 pages
- OECD Publishing
Italy is one of the least rural countries in the OECD. Nonetheless, many of the international products identifiable by the “Made in Italy” brand are produced in rural areas in the north and in the centre of the country.
The competitiveness of Italy’s rural areas depends on the continued strong entrepreneurship, good accessibility, and great cultural and natural amenities present in rural Italy that spur a successful tourism industry. Agriculture plays a marginal role in terms of employment, and contribution to GDP.
Despite the good average performance, a number of structural trends are undermining the sustainability of rural Italy. For example, rural areas have persistent demographic challenges; the concentration of elderly is very high and it is not balanced by immigration of foreign workers.
Ageing, in turn, impacts negatively the delivery of key public services such as health care and education in rural areas. In addition, the undermanaged link between the urban and rural territories and agriculture use is increasing the pressure on water threatening the long-term sustainability of the environment.
In this context, the Italian approach to rural policy appears to be short-sighted. The existing national rural policy framework is very complex and reflects a differentiated notion of “rural”, which continues to be influenced largely by EU agricultural and regional development policy frameworks. However, Italian rural communities would benefit more from a strategic vision that co-ordinates different sectoral policies, such as health and education, and embrace other aspects of rurality to tap local assets and promote quality of life.
A new approach to rural policy in Italy could also improve the effectiveness of public investment, thus reducing the overall need for public funds in the future. Key priorities for future rural policy should include a focus upon stronger territorial analysis, and more emphasis upon rural quality of life and enhanced access to services, particularly for women, young people, and the elderly. More investment in the environment and the “new environmental economy”, particularly to exploit sustainable forest management and to promote renewable energy generation in rural areas, is warranted. SHOW LESS READ MORE >
-List of Acronyms
-Assessment and Recommendations
<STRONG>Chapter 1. Profile of Rural Italy</STRONG>
-Rural Italy within the OECD
-Rural regions perform lower than national average
-Rural Italy faces social, economic and environmental challenges
-To sum up
-Annex 1.A1. Methodology for the decomposition of GDP growth
-Annex 1.A2. Methodology of identifying and mapping industrial districts in Italy
-Annex 1.A2. A classisfication of rural Italy based on regional accessibility/remoteness
<STRONG>Chapter 2. Policy Assessment</STRONG>
-RDP in Italy closely follows the EU framework drawing from regional and agricultural policy
-In the case of the Ministry of Agriculture, the Italian approach to rural development maintains a sectoral focus
-The Italian rural development institutional framework is marked by a decentralised system with influential regional governments
-The regional rural development governance models are innovative
-Focus on three administration regions in Italy: Calabria, Veneto, and Emilia-Romagna
-Annex 2.A1. Devolution of power in Italy
-Annex 2.A2. Structural funds in the south of Italy
<STRONG>Chapter 3. Policy Recommendations</STRONG>
-Italy needs to embrace a broader rural development strategy
-A more focused rural policy will involve adapting funding to the rural vision
-A well-rounded, targeted policy approach should contain stronger focus on sustainability
-Key priorities for Italy's rural policy include
-Annex 3.A1. Rural Policy framwork in Finland
Evaluation et recommandations
Sintesi del Rapporto OCSE sulla Politica Rurale dell'Italia