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Modern Trends in Land Mobile Digital Radio Development Standards, Markets and Technologies

  • ID: 1207457
  • Report
  • March 2010
  • 228 Pages
  • PracTel Inc
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  • Artevea
  • EADS D&S
  • Groupco
  • Niros
  • Radio IP Software
  • Selex
  • MORE
This report addresses technologies, applications and markets for digital Land Mobile Radio (LMR). Two categories of technologies were considered:

1. P25 and TETRA. These technologies are standardized by major organizations, such as TIA, FCC and ETSI; and many public safety organizations are equipped with P25 and TETRA radios. The P25 technology won recognition in the U.S. and Canada; TETRA was developed in Europe, and has many installations around the globe.

2. NXDN and MOTOTRBO. These technologies were born when P25 and TETRA technologies were in the relatively mature stage. They are a direct response on users and standard organizations requirements (such as more efficient use of the frequency spectrum and cost-efficiency). These technologies were introduces by vendors (NXDN – Icom and Kenwood, and MOTOTRBO by Motorola.) Though, so far, applications of these radios are not concentrated on public safety, there is nothing that can exclude them in a future (with further acceptance by the FCC and other organizations). The NXDN technology cannot guarantee some sophisticated characteristics of P25/ TETRA technologies; at the same time, NXDN set of parameters is more than sufficient for the majority of traditional LMR applications.

The report addresses a phased approach to the development of P25 and TETRA radios; this approach allows gradual migration from existing LMR networks, based mostly on FM analog technology, to the modern all-digital technology. Currently, only Phase I-compliant radios are being deployed; P25 Phase II systems are planned for shipping only in a couple of years, and TETRA Phase II is in more developed stage; with Phase III/Project 25/34-MESA technology mostly in the development stage.

NXDN radio development is a result of joint efforts of two companies, Icom and Kenwood and it is based on the FDMA technology. The companies developed two lines of products, IDAS (Icom) and NEXEDGE (Kenwood); these radios were implemented with many advanced technological features, including 6.25 kHz channels. At the same time, Motorola introduced its MOTOTRBO line of digital LMRs, which also utilized newer technologies and is based on the TDMA access.

Note that all three companies are also very active in the P25 market, and are established vendors of P25 equipment, with Motorola in the leading position. At the present time, NXDN and MOTOTRBO products are aiming for the commercial segments of the LMR market, while P25 technology is mainly utilized in the PSC market; TETRA radios are already having a wide commercial exposure.

Though the cost efficiency of the P25 and TETRA trunked systems is not so great in comparison with older analog systems, it is expected that the cost will go down with proliferation of the systems. NXDN and MOTOTRBO systems are more cost-effective than P25/TETRA radios.

Target Audience:

This report is important for organizations using LMR. They need to understand the market dynamics and to be familiar with vendors’ portfolios to make a right choice in selection of equipment.

For LMR vendors, this report provides valuable information on competition. It also supports these vendors with the market assessment.

Research Methodology:

Considerable research was done using the Internet. Information from various Web sites was studied and analyzed; evaluation of publicly available marketing and technical publications was conducted. Telephone conversations and interviews were held with industry analysts, technical experts and executives. In addition to these interviews and primary research, secondary sources were used to develop a more complete mosaic of the market landscape, including industry and trade publications, conferences and seminars.

The overriding objective throughout the work has been to provide valid and relevant information. This has led to a continual review and update of the information content.
Note: Product cover images may vary from those shown
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  • Artevea
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  • Groupco
  • Niros
  • Radio IP Software
  • Selex
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1.0 Introduction

1.1 Current Situation

1.2 Requirements to Public Safety Radio

1.3 Scope and Goals

1.4 Research Methodology

1.5 Target Audience

2.0 Project P25

2.1 Standardization Process and Technologies

2.1.1 General: P25 Standard

2.1.2 Process

2.1.3 Beginning

2.1.4 Project 25/TIA 102: Scope Efforts Phased Approach Phases Phase I Phase II Phase III

3.0 P25 Development-Phase I

3.1 General Mission and Objectives

3.1.2 Compliance

3.1.3 Benefits and Issues

3.2 Technical Highlights

3.2.1 Common Air Interface

3.2.2 Fixed Station Interface

3.2.3 Console Sub-system Interface (CSSI)

3.2.4 RF Sub-system

3.2.5 Inter-system Interface (ISSI) ISSI Technology

3.2.6 Telephone Interconnect Interface

3.2.7 Network Management Interface

3.2.8 Host and Network Data Interfaces

3.2.9 Summary: Interfaces

3.3 Security

3.4 Coding

3.5 Frequency Bands

3.6 P25 Voice Messaging

3.7 System

3.8 Spectrum: Problems

3.8.1 700 MHz Band

3.9 Major Improvements

3.10 Services

3.11 Network Scenario

3.12 Summary

4.0 P25 Phase II

4.1 Transition

4.2 Scope

4.3 Time

4.4 Motorola and “Harmonized” Solutions

5.0 P25 Radio Market Analysis

5.1 General

5.2 Geography

5.3 Market Drivers

5.4 Market Forecast

5.4.1 Developments

5.4.2 Model Assumptions

5.4.3 Addressable Market Estimate

5.5 Characteristics

5.5.1 Technical

5.5.2 Economics

6.0 P25 Radio Vendors

- Catalyst

- Daniels

- Datron

- Digital Voice System

- EADS Secure Networks (now PlantCML)

- EF Johnson

- Etherstack

- Harris

- ICOM America

- IPMobileNet

- Kenwood

- M/A-Com (This M/A-Com Business Unit was Acquired by Harris in 2009)

- Midland

- Motorola

- Nexus Wireless

- Northern Airborne

- PowerTrunk

- Pyramid Communications

- Relm

- Raytheon JPS

- Technisonic Industries

- Thales

- Tait Electronics

- Teltronic

- Westel

- Wireless Pacific


7.1 General

7.2 TETRA: Scope-Release I

7.2.1 General

7.2.2 Bands

7.2.3 TETRA and GSM

7.2.4 Main Features General Technical Details Services

7.2.5 Benefits

7.2.6 Networking

7.2.7 Details General Interfaces Infrastructure Spectrum Allocation Mobiles

7.3 P25 and TETRA

7.3.1 General

7.3.2 Details

7.3.3 Modifications

7.4 Security

7.5 Summary

7.6 TETRA Release II

7.6.1 Drivers Rational

7.6.2 Applications

7.6.3 Trunked Mode Operation (TMO) Range Extension

7.6.4 Adaptive Multiple Rate (AMR) Voice Codec

7.6.5 Mixed Excitation Liner Predictive, enhanced (MELPe) Voice Codec

7.6.6 Data Services Development TAPS TEDS

7.6.7 Status on TETRA Release II

7.6.8 Standardization Status

7.7 Market Analysis

7.7.1 General

7.7.2 Certification

7.7.3 Geography

7.7.4 Market Drivers-Industries-Applications

7.7.5 Market Forecast Model Assumptions Market Estimate

7.7.6 Vendors

- Aerial Facilities Limited (AFL)-Axell

- Artevea

- ClearTone

- DAMM Cellular


- EtherStack

- Frequentis

- Groupco


- Motorola

- Niros

- Pegasus Network

- Portalify

- Radio IP Software

- Rohde-Schwarz

- Rohill

- Sepura

- Selex


- Teltronic

- Team Simoco

- Thales

8.0 Project 25/34 - MESA

8.1 General

8.2 Organization

8.3 Background

8.4 Project MESA Formulators

8.5 Networking

8.6 MESA Statement of Requirements (SoR)

8.6.1 General

8.6.2 Vision: Ad-hoc and Cell Features Technological Needs General Technology-Requirements Specific and Functional Requirements

8.7 Goals

8.8 Applications

8.9 Crossroads

8.9.1 Vendors Position

8.10 Technology Details: System of Systems

8.10.1 Framework Overview


8.12 Security

8.13 Projects P25/TETRA and MESA

8.14 P25 and TETRA

9.0 NXDN

9.1 FCC Requirements

9.2 NXDN Forum

9.2.1 Major Differences

9.2.2 NXDN and dPMR


9.3.1 The Company

9.3.2 NEXEDGE Major Features

9.3.3 Technology Air Interface Operation Modes Digital Conventional Mode Digital Trunked Mode

9.3.4 Digital Trunked Wide Area IP Networks

9.3.5 Benefits

9.3.6 Licensing

9.3.7 Products

9.4 IDAS

9.4.1 Background

9.4.2 Technology General Major Features Major Benefits Products

9.4.3 Future Enhancements

9.5 Industry

- Aeroflex

- Digital Voice Systems, Inc

- Zetron

9.6 NXDN Market and Applications

9.6.1 Applications General RR Applications (IDAS) Horizon

9.6.2 Market

9.7 MotoTRBO

9.7.1 General

9.7.2 Features Abilities Recent Additions

9.7.3 Basis-TDMA Potentials Recent Enhancements

9.7.4 Sales

9.7.5 Products

9.7.6 MOTOTRBO Services

9.7.7 Availability

9.7.8 Applications

10.0 Conclusions




Attachment I: P25 Service Availability Matrix

Attachment II: P25 Standards

Attachment III: Countries with P25-Compliant Radio

List of Figures:

Figure 1: APCO Project 25 Interface Committee P25

Figure 2: Generic-P25 System Structure

Figure 3: ISSI-P25 System-to-System

Figure 4: ISSI-Roaming

Figure 5: P25 Radio System Model Illustration

Figure 6: Revised Frequency Plan

Figure 7: Revised Spectrum (Upper 700 MHz sub-band)

Figure 8: 700 MHz Auction

Figure 9: Example-Network Scenario

Figure 10: P25 Equipment Addressable Market (U.S. and Canada, $B)

Figure 11: Addressable Market- P25 Handset & Mobile Sale –N.A. ($B)

Figure 12: P25 Radio Major Applications

Figure 13: TETRA Association Structure

Figure 14: TETRA Release I Abilities

Figure 15: TETRA Interworking Illustration

Figure 16: TETRA Interoperability Interfaces

Figure 17: Network Scenarios

Figure 18: TETRA Release I Interfaces

Figure 19: TETRA: Spectrum Allocation

Figure 20: Phased Approach

Figure 21: TETRA RII Developments

Figure 22: Directions

Figure 23: TAPS

Figure 24: TEDS RF Channel Characteristics

Figure 25: Illustration of TETRA Market Geography (2009)

Figure 26: TETRA Segmentation by Industries (2009)

Figure 27: TETRA Radio Addressable Market ($B)

Figure 28: Addressable Market: TETRA BS ($M)

Figure 29: TAM – TETRA BS (Unit 000)

Figure 30: Partners

Figure 31: MESA Networking

Figure 32: PSR Evolution

Figure 33: P25 – TETRA Phased Approach

Figure 34: FCC Timeline

Figure 35: Adopted Frequency Band Plan (UHF)

Figure 36: Adopted Frequency Band Plan (VHF)

Figure 37: NXDN Radio Sales-Addressable Market ($B)

List of Tables:

Table 1: P25 Advantages and Issues

Table 2: PSR Bands

Table 3: P25 Services

Table 4: TETRA vs. P25 Markets

Table 5: TETRA Established

Table 6: TETRA Release I-Major Characteristics

Table 7: TETRA Improvements

Table 8: Applications (Release II)

Table 9: Evolution of TETRA Applications

Table 10: Mesa Networks Levels

Table 11: IDAS Products
Note: Product cover images may vary from those shown
4 of 5
- Aerial Facilities Limited (AFL)-Axell

- Artevea

- ClearTone

- DAMM Cellular


- EtherStack

- Frequentis

- Groupco


- Motorola

- Niros

- Pegasus Network

- Portalify

- Radio IP Software

- Rohde-Schwarz

- Rohill

- Sepura

- Selex


- Teltronic

- Team Simoco

- Thales
Note: Product cover images may vary from those shown
5 of 5
Note: Product cover images may vary from those shown