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Strategic Issues in Global Energy Security: Global Energy Strategy to 2050 Product Image

Strategic Issues in Global Energy Security: Global Energy Strategy to 2050

  • ID: 1238513
  • March 2010
  • Region: Global
  • 188 Pages
  • Scripp Business Insights

Energy supply worldwide has hitherto centred around affordability and security of supply, with the aspiration to provide light, heat, cooling, communications and transportation for as many people as possible.

To these factors a third imperative has arrived in the form of the low carbon agenda. This is in response to evidence of climate change caused by greenhouse gas emissions, and now has international sanction in the form of UN protocols, regional legislation and national carbon targets.

This three way policy structure has been dubbed the ‘Trilemma’, a phrase first coined by international energy company Eon, and reconciling affordability, security and the carbon agenda is a message which informs this report.

While economies worldwide have to find mechanisms and technologies which meet these three not always complementary aims, energy policy must also be played out through the prism of growing populations which will to an extent cancel out gains made by more efficient energy production.

Key features of this report

- Identifying the Trilemma and key pillars of energy policy

- Examining the key technologies deployed in present and READ MORE >

Strategic Issues in Global Energy Security
Executive Summary
Introduction
The fundamentals of energy policy
Generation types
Energy efficient technologies
Energy transmission, distribution and storage
The United States
The emerging economies
Asia
Africa
Europe
Regional security issues
International energy chokepoints
Conclusion

Chapter 1 Introduction
Summary
Introduction
The global Energy Trilemma
The post-Copenhagen Summit landscape
The role of international organizations
The role of markets

Chapter 2 The fundamentals of global energy security policy
Summary
Introduction
How we got here
The customer
The low carbon environment
The investor
Reconciliation
Supporting the fundamentals

Chapter 3 Generation types
Summary
Introduction
Conventional fossil fuel generation
Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS)
Beyond fossil fuels - the low carbon alternatives to 2050
Nuclear energy/Fission
Nuclear energy/Fusion
Renewable energy
Wind
Onshore wind
Offshore wind
Solar power
Biomass
Biofuels
Combined Heat and Power
Hydro
Marine energy – wave
Marine energy – tidal
Heat pumps
Fuel cells and hydrogen

Chapter 4 Energy efficient technologies
Summary
Introduction
A new industrial revolution
Smart metering
Heat pumps
Electric vehicles
Feed-in tariffs (FITS)
FITs in Germany
The case for ROCs
The view from Stern
FITs – the US view
FITs in China
FITs in India
FITs in South Africa
Conclusion
The EU ETS

Chapter 5 Energy transmission and storage
Summary
Introduction
North America
Europe
Recent failure of the European T & D system
The scale of the challenge for Europe

Chapter 6 The United States
Summary
Introduction
Relying on overseas energy supplies
Gas and coal in the US
Shale gas – to the medium term rescue?
The US and nuclear power
The US and wind power

Chapter 7 The emerging economies
Summary
Introduction
China
Population growth
The energy mix
Coal in China
Oil in China
Gas in China
Renewables in China
Nuclear in China
India
Population growth
Fossil fuel generation
Other energy sources
Drivers of energy policy
Nuclear power in India
Solar power in India
Brazil
Population
The energy mix
Brazil and oil
Brazil‘s energy mix
Brazil and nuclear power
Ethanol

Chapter 8 Asia
Summary
Introduction
Indonesia
Population
Economic growth
Energy investment
South Korea
Japan

Chapter 9 Africa
Summary
Introduction
Investment criteria
Seven key challenges
A local solution
The EIB view
Away from a centralised solution
South Africa

Chapter 10 Europe
Summary
Introduction
Overview
Gas reserves – United Kingdom
North Sea gas strategies – and the Arctic region
The view from Eurelectric
A carbon neutral power sector for 2050
Could energy demand actually fall?
Eurelectric’s key policy recommendations
The European Commission and energy policy
Europe and gas
Reaction to past gas supply crises
The European Economic Recovery Plan
Europe’s Nuclear Renaissance
Conclusion
European Energy Directives

Chapter 11 Regional security issues
Summary
Introduction
Threats to energy supply – the expert’s views
AKE Group
Lloyd’s Register
UK Defence Academy
Liam Fox MP
Russia and the Former Soviet Union
Ukraine
Georgia
The ‘Stans’ and Caspian Basin
Iraq
Iran
Saudi Arabia
Nigeria
Equatorial Guinea
Argentina and the Falklands
Venezuela

Chapter 12 Energy chokepoints worldwide
Summary
Introduction
The Strait of Hormuz
The Strait of Malacca
The Suez Canal and Sumed pipeline
Bab el-Mandab
The Turkish Straits
The Panama Canal

Chapter 13 Conclusion
Summary
Introduction
An oil major’s view - Exxon Mobil
Role of renewables
The view from the IEA
Climate change
Two IEA scenarios
Investment
Conclusion
Shell’s scenarios for 2050 – scramble or a blueprint?
Scramble
Blueprints
Incentivising innovation
Reducing risk by keeping energy closer to home
Appendix
Glossary
Index

List of Figures

Figure 2.1: World population, and projection for 2050
Figure 5.2: European distribution network – Baltic Interconnectors, 2009
Figure 5.3: European distribution network - North Sea smart grid, 2009
Figure 7.4: Brazil, energy mix (GWh), 2007
Figure 10.5: German energy costs (Euros per tonne of CO2), 2010
Figure 13.6: World energy investment needs to 2030, 2009

List of Tables

Table 2.1: World population, and projection for 2050
Table 3.2: World nuclear electricity generation, 2009
Table 3.3: World nuclear future, 2009
Table 3.4: Installed wind power in Europe (MW), 2008
Table 3.5: Global solar power by region (GWh), 2007
Table 3.6: Most important CHP markets (MW), 2008
Table 4.7: Countries which have adopted FITS, 2009
Table 7.8: Brazil, energy mix (GWh), 2007
Table 10.9: German energy costs (Euros per tonne of CO2), 2010
Table 10.10: European Energy Directives
Table 13.11: World energy investment needs to 2030, 2009

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