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Quality Control of Herbal Drugs Product Image

Quality Control of Herbal Drugs

  • Published: January 2010
  • 816 Pages
  • Business Horizons

The most exhaustive and comprehensive book ever available on the subject.

- Safety and Toxicity in Herbal Drugs
- Ethnobotany in Drug Evaluation
- Macro-Morphographical Studies
- Development of Standardization Parameters
- Phytoconstituents and Their Analysis
- Extraction of Herbal Drugs
- TLC - Detailed Procedures and Guidelines
- HPTLC - Densitometry
- Pharmacological Screening of Herbal Drugs
- Good Agricultural and Harvesting Practices
- Quality Assurance and Stability Testing of Herbal Drugs
- Analytical Profiles of Selected Medicinal Plants

Plus Annexed Information:

- Additional References
- Internet Resources for further information
- International Associations/Organizations

You Need This Book If You Are:

- Grower of medicinal herbs
- Wholesaler/Distributor
- Manufacturer of Herb Extracts
- Manufacturer of Herbal Formulations
- Researcher
- Academician
- Regulatory Affairs Specialist

The most exhaustive and comprehensive book ever available on the subject.It includes Safety and Toxicity in Herbal Drugs, Ethnobotany in Drug Evaluation, Macro-Morphographical Studies, Development of READ MORE >

Foreword
Preface
Part I – Introduction

ALTERNATIVE SYSTEMS OF MEDICINE
- Historical Overview of Indian System of Medicine
- Ayurveda – The Ancient Traditional Medicine
- Siddha System of Medicine
- Unani System of Medicine
- Homeopathic Remedies
- Tibetan System
- Natural Products from Modern Medicine
- Quality Control in Traditional Systems of Medicine
- Limitations of Traditional Experience
- Role of Traditional System of Medicine in Primary Health Care
- World Situation on Traditional Medicine
- Traditional Chinese Herbal Medicine and it’s Evaluation
- Development of Traditional System of Medicine in India
- Prospects of Traditional Medicine
- References

HERBAL REMEDIES – TOXICITY AND REGULATIONS
- Importance of Herbal Therapies
- Herbals versus Conventional Drugs
- Efficacy of Herbal Medicinal Products
- Validation of Herbal Therapies
- Safety in Herbal Drugs
- Toxicity in Herbals and Their Interactions
- Adverse Reactions and Safety in Herbal Medicine
- General Concepts of Evaluation and Quality Control
- Pharmacodynamic and Pharmacokinetic Issues
- Assessment by Drug Regulators
- Herbal Drug Regulations in India
- Basic and Applied Research
- Bioassay-Guided Separation and Structural Characterization
- References

ETHNOBOTANY AND ETHNOPHARMACOLOGY
- Ethnobotany in Herbal Drug Evaluation
- Impact of Ethnobotany in Traditional Medicine
- The Extent of Plant Kingdom in Medicine
- Ethnopharmacology in Drug Evaluation
- New Developments in Herbals
- Biological Diversity – Role in Herbal Drug Development
- Drug Discovery from Natural Products
- Issues in Medicinal Plant Research
- References

Part II – Quality Control Techniques
ADULTERATION AND DETERIORATION
- Introduction
- Types of Adulteration or Substitution of Herbal Drugs
- Causes and Measures for Adulterations
- Deterioration of Herbal Drugs
- Control Measures for Deterioration
- References

FACTORS AFFECTING HERB QUALITY
- Introduction
- Quality Standards of Herbal Products
- Factors Relating To Quality of Herbal Drugs
- Ecological Factors
- Quality Assurance of Herbal Drugs

SAMPLING PROCEDURES
- Sampling Procedures
- Determination of Foreign Matter

MORPHOLOGICAL EXAMINATIONS
- Organoleptic Evaluation
- Macromorphological Evaluation
- Cytomorphological Evaluation of Herbal Drugs

MICROSCOPICAL EVALUATION
- Introduction
- Instruments for Microscopical Study
- Evaluation of Crude Drugs by Microscopy
- Microscopical Methods
- Quantitative Analytical Microscopy

DEVELOPMENT OF STANDARDIZATION PARAMETERS
- General Information
- Determination of Solvent Extractive Values
- Determination Ash Values
- Determination of Total Solids
- Determination of Crude Fibre
- Determination of Moisture Content
- Determination of Essential Oils in Crude Drugs
- Microbial Infestation and its Determination
- Determination of Bitterness Value
- Determination of Hemolytic Activity
- Determination of Swelling Index
- Determination of Foaming Index
- Determination of Tannins
- Determination of Arsenic and Heavy Metals
- Pesticides

Phytoconstituents and Their Analysis
- Introduction
- Importance of Phytoconstituents in Therapy
- Qualitative Analysis of Crude Drug Extracts and Isolates
- Alkaloids and Their Analysis
- Volatile Oils, Spices and their Analysis
- Fixed Oils Fats and Waxes
- Phenylpropanoids and their Analysis
- Flavonoids
- Resins and Resinous Plant Drugs and their Analysis
- Tannins and their Analysis
- Terpenoids and their Analysis
- Glycosidal Components and their Analysis
- Fluorescent Substances and their Analytical Parameters
- Colouring Matters and their Analysis
- Proteinaceous Components and their Analysis
- Steroids
- Carbohydrates and their Analysis

Extraction Of Herbal Drugs
- Introduction
- Basic Principles and Rationale
- Pre Extraction Operations for Crude Drugs
- Effect of Solvent, Solvent Mixtures and Solution on Extraction
- Characteristics of Phytoconstituents
- Procedures for Extraction of Herbal Drugs
- Interfering Compounds In Extraction of Desired Phytoconstituents
- Extraction Methods for Specific Phytochemical Groups
- Treatment of Drug Residue after Extraction
- References

Thin Layer Chromatography
- Introduction
- Basic Principles of TLC
- Mechanisms for the Separation of Phytoconstituents
- Adsorbents for Quantitative Thin-Layer Chromatography
- Preparation of the Layers
- Preparation and Application of Samples
- Determination of Suitable Separation Conditions
- Development of Chromatogram
- Detection of Herbal Drugs and Extracts by TLC
- Evaluation of the TLC Plates
- TLC Bioautography
- Quantitative Thin Layer Chromatography
- Assay of Steroids in Phyto-Formulations
- Assay of Alkaloids
- Analytical Procedures for Some Bioactive Materials
- References

HIGH PERFORMANCE THIN LAYER CHROMATOGRAPHY
- HPTLC and Its Advantages
- Requirements for HPTLC Standardization
- Theory and Instrumentation of HPTLC
- Theoretical Considerations for Quantitative Analysis
- Specual techniques in In-situ Quantitative Evaluation
- Quantitative HPTLC for Pharmaceutical Applications
- TLC-Densitometry in the Standardization of Medicinal Plant Extracts
- References

Part III – Biological Screening
PHARMACOLOGICAL SCREENING OF HERBAL DRUGS
- Introduction
- Need For Phyto-Pharmacological Evaluation
- Hippocratic Screening for Evaluation of Natural Products
- New Strategies for Evaluating Natural Products
- Evaluation of Antidiabetic Agents
- Evaluation of Hepatoprotective Agents
- Evaluation of Liver Carcinogenesis
- Evaluation of Diuretic Agents
- Evaluation of Antidiarrhoeal Agents
- Evaluation of Uterine Tonic Agents
- Evaluation of Anti Ulcers Agents
- Evaluation of Hypolipidemics Agents
- Evaluation of Wound Healing Agents
- Evaluation of Anti-Tussive Agents
- Evaluation of Cardiovascular Agents
- Evaluation of Anti-inflammatory Agents
- Evaluation of Analgesic/Antinociceptive Agents
- Evaluation of Antipyretic Agents
- Evaluation of Repellant and Anti-feedant
- Evaluation of Antioxidant Agents
- Evaluation of Enzyme Activators and Inhibitor Agents
- Evaluation of Myorelaxant and Antispasmodic Agents
- Evaluation of CNS Agents
- Evaluation of Natural Products Active on Brain
- Evaluation of Antifertility Agents
- Evaluation of Tyrosinase Inhibitory Agents
- References

Antimicrobial and Parasiticidal Screening of Herbal Drugs
- Introduction
- Preparation of Plant Samples for Antimicrobial Screening
- General Methods for Antimicrobial Screening
- Some Phyto-constituents with Antimicrobial Activity
- Antibacterial Screening Method
- Assay For Phytopharmaceuticals Having Antifungal Activity
- Screening For Anti-micobacterial Activity
- Molluscicidal and Piscicidal Activity Evaluation
- Evaluation of Antigiardial Effect
- Assay For Antimalarial Activity
- Assays For Amoebicidal Activity
- References

SCREENING FOR ANTIVIRAL ACTIVITY
- Introduction
- Phytoconstituents with Antiviral Potentials
- General Concepts of Evaluation
- Factors Influencing Evaluation
- Requirements for Host Cells, Organisms and Culture Media
- General Screening Procedures for Antiviral Testing
- Evaluation of Cytotoxicity
- Antiviral Screening Models
- Evaluation of Anti-influenza Activity
- Preparation of Different Reagents for Antiviral Study
- References

Part IV – Legal Aspects
GOOD AGRICULTURAL AND HARVESTING PRACTICES
- Introduction
- Good Harvesting Practices
- Good Agricultural Practices
- Documentation Required

QUALITY ASSURANCE AND STABILITY TESTING OF HERBAL DRUGS
- Indicative Substances for Quality Assurance
- Gmp and Haccp in Traditional Systems of Medicine
- Physical Quality Assurance
- Quality Assurance by Cultivation and Breeding
- Stabilization and Stability
- Methods of Stabilization
- Validation of Analytical Procedures
- References

ANALYTICAL PROFILES OF SELECTED MEDICINAL PLANTS
Introduction
General Guidelines
Preparation of Spray Reagents
Analytical Profiles
-- Acorus calamus
-- Adhatoda vasica
-- Aegle marmelos
-- Andrographis paniculata
-- Bacopa monnieri
-- Berberis aristata
-- Boswellia serrata
-- Cassia tora
-- Centella asiatica
-- Coleus forskohlii
-- Commiphora mukul
-- Curcuma longa
-- Emblica officinalis
-- Gardenia gummifera
-- Gloriosa superba
-- Glycyrrhiza glabra
-- Mallotus philippinensis
-- Mangifera indica
-- Peganum harmala
-- Phyllanthus amarus
-- Piper longum
-- Piper nigrum
-- Psoralea corylifolia
-- Withania somnifera
-- Zingiber officinale

Annexure – 1 Websites on Herbal Medicines
Annexure – 2 International Herbal Organizations and Associations
Annexure – 3 References on Quality Control of Natural Products
Index
Acknowledgements"

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