This book addresses all aspects of the science and technology of ultrafine grained materials produced by Severe Plastic Deformation (SPD) techniques. It presents fundamental issues in SPD processing and SPD–processed materials, processing and microstructures, microstructural evolution, mechanical and physical properties, superplasticity, computational and analytical modeling, new SPD technologies and advances, and structural applications.
From the <a href="company website target="—blank">2006 TMS Annual Meeting, held March 12–16, 2006, in San Antonio, Texas.
UFG Materials Fundamentals.
Artifact–Free Bulk Nanocrystalline Grain Size (< 100 nm) Materials: The Processing Challenge (C.C. Koch, K.M. Youssef, R.O. Scattergood, and K.L. Murty).
Principles of Grain Refinement in Processing by ECAP (C. Xu, M. Furukawa, Z. Horita, and T.G. Langdon).
Using Torsion to Produce Severe Strain and Ultrafine Grains (Z. Horita, and T.G. Langdon).
Non–Equilibrium Processing Routes for Ultrafine Grained or Nanostructured Materials (G. Wilde, N. Boucharat, G.P. Dinda, H. Rösner, and R. Valiev).
Influence of Die Features on the ECAP Process (R.J. Hellmig).
Deformation Twinning in Nanocrystalline Ni (X. Wu, E. Ma, Y.T. Zhu, and K. Lu).
3D Atom Probe Investigation of the Nanostructure of a Commercial 6061 Aluminum Alloy Processed by SPD (G. Nurislamova, X. Sauvage, M. Murashkin, and R. Valiev).
Microstructural Mechanisms Governing the Fatigue Performance of Ultrafine–Grained Metals and Alloys (H. Mughrabi, H.W. Höppel, and M. Kautz).
Strain–Rate Dependence of Tensile Ductility of Cryomilled 5083 Al Alloys (B.Q. Han, J.Y. Huang, Y.T. Zhu, and E.J. Lavernia).
Modeling Directional Anisotropy in Grains Subjected to Large Strains and Strain Path Changes (I.J. Beyerlein, and C.N. Tomé).
High Angle Boundary Formation in Dynamically Recovered Materials During Severe Hot Forging (T. Sakai).
Possibility to Manage Both High Strength and Ductility in Ultrafine Grained Structural Metallic Materials (N. Tsuji, R. Ueji, Y. Ito, and H.–W. Kim).
An Investigation on Softening in Constitutive Relationship of Metals at High Strain Level (J.T. Wang, W. Wei, Y. Zhang, and G. Chen).
Measurements of Vacancy Type Defects in SPD Deformed Ni (E. Korznikova, E. Schafler, G. Steiner, and M.J. Zehetbauer).
UFG Materials Processing.
The New SPD Processing Routes to Fabricate Bulk Nanostructured Materials (R.Z. Valiev, D.V. Gunderov, and V.G. Pushin).
Influence of Processing Parameters on Texture and Microstructure in ECAP ed Aluminum (A.P. Zhilyaev, K. Oh–ishi, G.I. Raab, and T.R. McNelley).
Twist Extrusion Plus Spread Extrusion = Spatial Uniformity (Y. Beygelzimer, V. Varyukhin, A. Reshetov, S. Synkov, and D. Orlov).
Consolidation of Bulk Nanomaterials by Twist Extrusion of Powders (V. Varyukhin, Y. Beygelzimer, V. Tkatch, V. Maslov, S. Synkov, A. Synkov, and V. Nosenko).
Preparing Multi–Component Hard Materials Through Severe Plastic Deformation (J.C. Huang, C.J. Lee, C.H. Chuang, P.L. Hsieh, and C.I. Chang).
Mechanical Alloying and Related Solid–State Flow and Mixing of Single–Crystal Tungsten Ballistic Penetrator and Steel Target Material (C. Pizaña, L.E. Murr, A. Putrevu, T.L. Tamoria, H.C. Chen, and S.J. Cytron).
Numerical Simulations of the ECAP Process. Multi Pass (A.A. Smolyakov, V.P. Solovyev, and A.I. Korshunov).
Crystallization Reactions in Amorphous Al Alloys Induced by Intense Plastic Deformation (R.J. Hebert, J.H. Perepezko, H. Rösner, and G. Wilde).
High Energy Milling as a Route for Obtaining Ultra–Fine Grained Duplex Stainless Steel (O.M. Cintho, C. Moinhos, E.T. Kubaski, J. Deodoro, T. Capocchi, and E.F. de Monlevade).
Production of Ultra–Fine Grained Ferrite Structure Through Multi–Pass Warm Caliber Rolling (S. Torizuka, S.V.S.N. Murty, A. Ohmori, and K. Nagai).
Development of ECAP–Conform to Produce Ultrafine–Grained Aluminum (G.I. Raab, F.F. Safin, T.C. Lowe, Y.T. Zhu, and R.Z. Valiev).
Advanced ECAP Techniques with Increased Strain Per Pass (G.I. Raab).
Initial Observations of the Effects of Sample Size on Microstructure and Properties of HPT Processed Titanium (R.K. Islamgaliev, V.V. Latysh, A.R. Kilmametov, V.U. Kazyhanov, Y.T. Zhu, T.C. Lowe, and R.Z. Valiev).
Modelling of Stress–Strain Distribution in ECAE by Analytical–Experimental Method (G. Raab, and R. Lapovok).
Experimental Study and Computer Modeling of High Pressure Torsion (I.V. Alexandrov, G. Krallics, J. Bonarski, and M.V. Zhilina).
Influence of Equal Channel Angular Extrusion Processing Routes on Consolidation of Intermetallics (A.V. Nagasekhar, Y. Tick–Hon, and H.P. Seow).
Grain Refinement of Copper Sheets Through Accumulative Roll–Bonding Process at Room Temperature (W. Wei, K.X. Wei, and Q.N. Shi).
Modeling of Grain Refinement and Texture Evolution During Equal–Channel Angular Pressing by Means of a Combined Visco–Plastic Self Consistent / Disclination Model (A.A. Nazarov, I.V. Alexandrov, I.J. Beyerlein, N.A. Enikeev, T.S. Orlova, A.E. Romanov, and R.Z. Valiev).
Microstructure and Texture Development in Aluminium 7034 and 2024 Alloys Processed by ECAP (N. Gao, M.J. Starink, S.C. Wang, C. Xu, and T.G. Langdon).
Microstructure and Strength of Metals Processed by Severe Plastic Deformation (J. Gubicza, N.Q. Chinh, T.G. Langdon, and T. Ungár).
Transmission Electron Microscopy Study of the Strain Induced Low and High Angle Boundary Development in Equal–Channel Angular–Pressed Commercially Pure Aluminum (M. Cabibbo, E. Evangelista, M.E. Kassner, and M.A. Meyers).
Microstructure Evolution in Commercial Purity Aluminum During High–Pressure Torsion (A.P. Zhilyaev, K. Oh–ishi, T.G. Langdon, and T.R. McNelley).
Early Stages of Nanostructuring of a Pearlitic Steel by High Pressure Torsion Deformation (I. MacLaren, Y. Ivanisenko, H.–J. Fecht, X. Sauvage, and R.Z. Valiev).
Microstructural Development of "Recycled–Like" Alloys During ECAP: Particle Break–Up, Microstructure Evolution and Mechanical Properties (P. Szczygiel, H.J. Roven, C.J. Simensen, and O. Reiso).
Structural Peculiarities of UFG Metals after Severe External Influences (V. Varyukhin, B. Efros, V. Ivchenko, and N. Efros).
Influence of Coarse Second–Phase Particles and Fine Precipitates on Microstructural Refinement During Severe Plastic Deformation by ECAP and on Structural Stability During Annealing (I. Gutierrez–Urrutia, M.A. Muñoz–Morris, and D.G. Morris).
Microstructural Refinement of Ti Billets by Equal Channel Angular Pressing (V.V. Latysh, G.H. Salimgareeva, I.P. Semenova, I.V. Kandarov, Y.T. Zhu, T.C. Lowe, and R.Z. Valiev).
Texture Gradient in FCC Metals Deformed by Equal Channel Angular Pressing as a Function of Stacking Fault Energy (W. Skrotzki, B. Klöden, C.–G. Oertel, N. Scheerbaum, H.–G. Brokmeier, S. Suwas, and L.S. Tóth).
Medium Carbon Steel Processed by Warm Equal Channel Angular Pressing (J. Zrnik, J. Drnek, S. Dobatkin, O. Stejskal, and Z. Novy).
Deformation Dissolution of Aluminides of Transition Metals Under Severe Plastic Deformation (I.G. Brodova, V.A. Shabashov, I.G. Shirinkina, and I.P. Lennikova).
Thermomechanical Conditions for Nanocrystalline Structure Formation and Functional Properties of Severely Deformed Ti–Ni Shape Memory Alloys (S.D. Prokoshkin, I.Yu. Khmelevskaya, S.V. Dobatkin, I.B. Trubitsyna, E.V. Tatyanin, S. Turenne, V. Brailovski, V.V. Stolyarov, and E.A. Prokofiev).
Correlation Between Texture and Structure in High Purity Al Processed by ARB (X. Huang, N. Kamikawa, N. Tsuji, and N. Hansen).
Effect of Imposing a Very High Strain on the Stress–Strain Behavior of a Zn–22% Al Alloy (P. Kumar, C. Xu, and T.G. Langdon).
Ductility Enhancement of Ultrafine Grained Commercially Pure 1050 Aluminum Alloy by Cross Accumulative Roll–Bonding (C–ARB) (Y.–S. Kim, S.H. Kang, and D.H. Shin).
Fatigue and Fracture in Bimodal Al 5083 (P.S. Pao, H.N. Jones, C.R. Feng, D.B. Witkin, and E.J. Lavernia).
Stress Corrosion Cracks Propagation in Ultra–Fine Grain Copper Fabricated by an Equal–Channel Angular Pressing (H. Miyamoto, T. Kishi, T. Mimaki, A. Vinogradov, and S. Hashimoto).
Deformation Homogeneity of Strain Hardening and Strain Softening Materials During Equal Channel Angular Pressing (H.S. Kim).
Effects of the Number of Equal–Channel Angular Pressing Passes on the Strain Rate Sensitivity of Ultrafine Copper (A. Korshunov, L. Polyakov, I. Vedernikova, T. Kravchenko, I. Korotchenkova, A. Smolyakov, and V. Soloviev).
Effect of Temperature on the Mechanical Properties of Bulk Nanocrystalline Ni Prepared by an Electrodeposition (A. Torrents, M. Chauhan, and F.A. Mohamed).
Mechanical Behavior of Electrodeposited Nanocrystalline Nickel (I. Roy, M. Chauhan, and F.A. Mohamed).
Low Temperature Mechanical Characteristics of Ti–6Al–4V ELI Ultra–Fine Grained Alloy (E.D. Tabachnikova, V.Z. Bengus, A.V. Podolskiy, S.N. Smirnov, S.V. Bengus, L.R. Saitova, and I.P. Semenova).
Mechanical Behavior and Microstructural Evolution in ECAP Copper (A. Mishra, B. Kad, F. Gregori, R.J. Asaro, M. Martin, N. Thadhani, and M.A. Meyers).
Effect of ECAP on the Mechanical Properties of Magnesium Alloys (Y. Estrin, R.J. Hellmig, M.J. Ek, T.T. Lamark, Z. Zúberová, R. Lapovok, and M.V. Popov).
Inhomogeneous and Anisotropic Deformation Behavior and Strain Hardening of Ultrafine–Grained Aluminium by ECAP (S. Poortmans, F. El Houdaigui, A.–M. Habraken, and B. Verlinden).
Anisotropic Mechanical Properties of an Ultra–Fine Grained Aluminium Alloy (G. Krallics, A. Fodor, and A. Agena).
ECA Pressing Up to Failure of Oxygen–Free Copper: Structure, Properties, Effect of the Route (S.V. Dobatkin, J.A. Szpunar, A.P. Zhilyaev, and A.A. Kuznetsov).
The Influence of the ECAP Temperature on the Microstructure and the Mechanical Properties of the AM60 Magnesium Alloy (R.K. Islamgaliev, O.B. Kulyasova, B. Mingler, E. Schafler, G. Korb, H.P. Karnthaler, and M.J. Zehetbauer).
Microstructure Evolution and Mechanical Properties of Ultrafine Grain Pure–Ti (Y.G. Ko, D.H. Shin, and C.S. Lee).
Structure and Properties of Ni–20Cr Produced by Severe Plastic Deformation (J.S. Marte, R. DiDomizio, P.R. Subramanian, D. Srinivasan, and M. Othon).
Superplasticity and Thermal and Physical Properties.
The Significance of Cavitation in a Superplastic Aluminum Alloy Processed by ECAP (M. Kawasaki, C. Xu, and T.G. Langdon).
Superplastic Behaviour of Ultrafine–Grained Ti–6Al–4V ELI Processed by Severe Plastic Deformation (I.P. Semenova, L.R. Saitova, G.I. Raab, Y.T. Zhu, T.C. Lowe, and R.Z. Valiev).
Creep Behavior of an Aluminum–7034 Alloy Processed by ECAP (C. Xu, and T.G. Langdon).
Creep Features and Mechanisms of Ultrafine Grain Ti–6Al–4V Alloy Produced by Severe Plastic Deformation (Y.R. Kolobov, G.P. Grabovetskaya, Y.T. Zhu, K.V. Ivanov, and O.V. Zabudtchenko).
Ultrafine Grained Magnetic Shape Memory Ni2MnGa Based Alloys (V.G. Pushin, N.I. Kourov, A.V. Korolev, L.I. Yurchenko, D.V. Gunderov, R.Z. Valiev, and Y.T. Zhu).
Compressive Creep in an Al–3%Mg–0.2%Sc Alloy Processed by Equal–Channel Angular Pressing (V. Sklenicka, J. Dvorak, M. Svoboda, P. Kral, M. Kvapilova, and Z. Horita).
Effect of Nano–Scale Dispersion Particles on Thermal Stability and Creep in Bulk Cryomilled Ultrafine Grained 5083 Al (M. Chauhan, I. Roy, and F.A. Mohamed).
Property of Ultrafine Grained Engineering Materials Related to High Magnetic Fields (K. Han).
Density of Stacking Faults and Twin Boundaries in Ultrafine–Grained Materials Determined by X–Ray Line Profile Analysis (T. Ungár, L. Balogh, Y.T. Zhu, C. Xu, G. Ribárik, Z. Horita, and T.G. Langdon).