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Electric Car Markets in Europe: Analysis and Strategic Review of 10 Countries Product Image

Electric Car Markets in Europe: Analysis and Strategic Review of 10 Countries

  • Published: July 2010
  • Region: Europe
  • 185 Pages
  • International Consultancy Group Ltd

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Electric Car Markets in Europe: Analysis and Strategic Review of 10 Countries

This unique and powerful 185 page report provides information, projections, insight and strategic thinking on the development of the electric car market in Europe, together with the battery and infrastructure developments essential to its growth.

The report:

- Outlines relevant technologies involved

- Describes EU legislation and strategies

- Provides a strategic market overview of Europe, including ICG market forecasts to 2020 and national comparative analyses

In each country:

- Provides and comments on ICG market forecasts to 2020

- Outlines government programs

- Describes market activities by company participants including
-- Cars
-- Batteries
-- Infrastructure
-- Power

- Identifies market opportunities

- Profiles over 90 relevant companies and organizations

The countries reviewed represent almost 90% of the European market, and include Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany, Italy, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Sweden and UK.

Electric cars have been around since 1832, when Robert Anderson of Scotland invented READ MORE >

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

1. INTRODUCTION
Background
This Report

2. TECHNOLOGY
Electric Cars
Batteries
Charging Infrastructure
Power Supply

3. EUROPEAN UNION: LEGISLATION AND STRATEGIES
Implementing Agreement on Hybrid and Electric Vehicles
Emissions Reductions

4. STRATEGIC OVERVIEW: EUROPEAN MARKETS
Markets and Trends
Strategic Rationale for Electric Vehicle Adoption
Market Forecasts

5. BELGIUM
Markets and Forecasts
Market Background
Market Forecasts
National Programmes
Infrastructure Development
Market Activity
Cars and Batteries
Infrastructure and Power
Conclusions and Opportunity

6. DENMARK
Markets and Forecasts
Market Background
Market Forecasts
Government Programmes
Market Activity
Cars and Batteries
Infrastructure and Power
Conclusions and opportunity

7. FRANCE
Markets and Trends
Market Background
Market Forecasts
National Programmes
Market Activity
Cars and Batteries
Infrastructure and Power
Conclusions and Opportunity

8. GERMANY
Markets and Trends
Market Background
Market Forecasts
National Programmes
National Electromobility Development Plan
Federal Assistance for Electromobility Development
Existing Programmes for Electromobility Development
Market Activity
Cars and Batteries
Infrastructure and Power Supply
Conclusions and Opportunity

9. ITALY
Markets and Forecasts
Market Background
Market Forecasts
National Programmes
National policies
Regional policies
Infrastructure development
Current R&D programmes
Market Activity
Cars and Batteries
Infrastructure and Power Supply
Conclusions and Opportunity

10. NETHERLANDS
Markets and Trends
Market Background
Market Forecasts
National Programmes
Action Plan for Electric Vehicles
Development Projects
Research and Development
Market Activity
Cars and Batteries
Infrastructure and Power Supply
Conclusions and Opportunity

11. PORTUGAL
Markets and Forecasts
Market Background
Market Forecasts
National Programmes
Market Activity
Cars and Batteries
Infrastructure and Power
Conclusions and Opportunity

12. SPAIN
Markets and Trends
Market Background
Market Forecasts
National Programmes
Research Programmes
Market Activity
Cars and Batteries
Infrastructure and Power Supply
Conclusions and Opportunity

13. SWEDEN
Markets and Forecasts
Market Background
Market Forecasts
National Programmes
Research
Market Activity
Cars and Batteries
Infrastructure and Power Supply
Conclusions and Opportunities

14. UNITED KINGDOM
Markets and Trends
Market Background
Market Forecasts
National Programmes
Vehicle Incentive Scheme
Infrastructure Development
Low Carbon Vehicle Projects
University-based Research
Market Activity
Cars and Batteries
Infrastructure and Power Supply
Conclusions and Opportunity

15. CONCLUSIONS

APPENDIX A
PROFILES OF MARKET PARTICIPANTS
APPENDIX B
INTERNATIONAL CONSULTANCY GROUP LTD

TABLE OF EXHIBITS

List of Tables:

Table 1: National Data
Table 2: Europe – Forecast Market Development 2010-2020
Table 3: Belgium – Forecast Market Development 2010-2020
Table 4: Denmark – Forecast Market Development 2010-2020
Table 5: Denmark ¬¬– Edison Project Work Programmes
Table 6: France – Forecast Market Development 2010-2020
Table 7: France – Plan for Electric Vehicle Development
Table 8: Germany – Forecast Market Development 2010-2020
Table 9: Germany – Research Priorities and Projects
Table 10: Italy – Forecast Market Development 2010-2020
Table 11: Netherlands – Forecast Market Development 2010-2020
Table 12: Netherlands – Strategy for Electric Vehicle Adoption
Table 13: Portugal – Forecast Market Development 2010-2020
Table 14: Spain – Forecast Market Development 2010-2020
Table 15: Sweden – Forecast Market Development 2010-2020
Table 16: UK – Forecast Market Development 2010-2020
Table 17: UK – Requirements for Vehicle Incentive Scheme 2011

List of Figures:

Figure 1: Configurations of BEV and PHEV
Figure 2: National Comparisons – Forecast Annual Market Size by Value 2020
Figure 3: National Comparisons – Forecast Annual Unit Market 2020
Figure 4: National Comparisons – Forecast Total Unit Sales 2011-2020
Figure 5: National Comparisons – Estimated % of Total New Car Registrations 2011-2020
Figure 6: Belgium – Estimated % of Total Annual Car Sales 2011-2020
Figure 7: Belgium – Forecast Build-up of Unit Market 2011-2020
Figure 8: Denmark – Estimated % of Total Annual Car Sales 2011-2020
Figure 9: Denmark – Forecast Build-up of Unit Market 2011-2020
Figure 10: France – Estimated % of Total Annual Car Sales 2011-2020
Figure 11: France – Forecast Build-up of Unit Market 2011-2020
Figure 12: Germany – Estimated % of Total Annual Car Sales 2011-2020
Figure 13: Germany – Forecast Build-up of Unit Market 2011-2020
Figure 14: Italy – Estimated % of Total Annual Car Sales 2011-2020
Figure 15: Italy – Forecast Build-up of Unit Market 2011-2020
Figure 16: Netherlands – Estimated % of Total Annual Car Sales 2011-2020
Figure 17: Netherlands – Forecast Build-up of Unit Market 2011-2020
Figure 18: Portugal – Estimated % of Total Annual Car Sales 2011-2020
Figure 19: Portugal – Forecast Build-up of Unit Marker 2011-2020
Figure 20: Spain – Estimated % of Total Annual Car Sales 2011-2020
Figure 21: Spain – Forecast Build-up of Unit Market 2011-2020
Figure 22: Sweden – Estimated % of Total Annual Car Sales 2011-2020
Figure 23: Sweden – Forecast Build-up of Unit market 2011-2020
Figure 24: UK – Estimated % of Total Annual Car Sales 2011-2020
Figure 25: UK – Forecast Build-up of Unit Market 2011-2020

The countries reviewed in this report account for almost 90% of all new car sales in the EU and comprise Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany, Italy, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Sweden and the UK. The definition of an electric car in this Report encompasses battery electric cars and plug-in hybrid cars, capable of operating under freeway conditions for performance and crash safety.

The concept of electric cars in this, its newest presentation, is strongly linked to the global drive towards reduction in CO2 levels through generating usable energy without reliance on fossil fuels. Governments in Europe are, of course, signatories to the Kyoto Agreement and through the European Union have set both EU and individual national targets for reduction in carbon emissions over the next time period to 2050.

Thus, most governments are encouraging the development of the electric car market using investment in R&D, the industries involved and the requirements of a battery charging infrastructure, as well as consumer incentives, as key motivators. For many countries, such as Belgium and France, factors of equal relevance include large and rising unemployment largely due to labour shed from automotive and component manufacturing plants located in their territories. For some, such as Spain and Germany, excess available capacity in the renewable energy supply sector is often wasted and could be used to charge electric cars, offering a total zero emissions transport option as well as fuller utilisation of investment in renewables.

The European market for electric cars in the 10 countries reviewed is forecast to grow at an average CAGR of 34% between 2011 and 2020 to reach an annual value of over US$ 30.5 billion by 2020. This represents unit sales of 1.4 million cars in that year providing an average 10% of total car sales (new car registrations).

France is probably the most advanced of the major territories in its preparations for the advent of this new motoring era and is forecast to lead Europe with annual sales of almost US$ 7.5 billion by 2020. Germany, with the largest population in Europe, has been slower in its development of electric cars as it initially focused much of its R&D investment on hydrogen car technologies and is anticipated to develop sales of US$ 6.5 billion in the same year.

A similar picture arises in relation to unit sales in which France is forecast to lead Europe, registering 320,000 new electric cars by 2020, with Germany following at 277,000 new electric car registrations and the UK at 233,000. At the other end of the scale, Denmark, Portugal and Sweden all have much smaller populations and this obviously impacts on sales volumes achievable. Nevertheless, these volumes provide highly differentiated outcomes in relation to estimated total car sales in each country by the end of the decade, in which electric cars in the Netherlands is forecast to take up to 16% of total new car registrations, closely followed by Denmark and Spain at 14%. At the lower end of this scale, forecasts for Germany and Belgium suggest a 7% electric car share of the total annual market in 2020.

Enthusiastic early stage adopters are likely to dominate purchases in the years to 2015. It is estimated that 80%-85% of registrations of new electric cars in most European countries over the decade will occur in the last five years, 2016-2020, to create a truly competitive market segment. The first five years will be critical as carmakers assess the consumer take-up of a limited range of EV product offerings in the context of developing battery and infrastructure technologies and methodologies.

In all countries reviewed, pilot schemes are being undertaken in delineated areas such as cities and regions to help determine operational requirements for electric vehicles. These involve a range of companies and organizations, including carmakers and power suppliers, combining their skills and technologies to develop appropriate infrastructures in preparation for full market roll-out.

There is also significant current market activity. In France, for example, the Renault-Nissan and PSA-Mitsubishi connections provide a major stimulus to new EV model launches in 2010 and 2011 while Denmark's arrangements with the US company Better Place are helping to ensure that the battery-swap methodology used will drive its EV market forward quickly. BMW is also planning the launch of its Mini E for 2010 and GM's European operations, Opel (Germany) and Vauxhall (UK), will rely on 2011/2012 for the Volt-based Ampera. Other major carmakers are planning EV launches from 2012 onwards and there are substantial numbers of new entrants focused particularly in Netherlands, the UK and some other countries.

Right now, carmakers and others involved are understandably a little wary particularly as competition for buyers in this new “green” market segment is likely to come from other technologies including not only biofuel and hydrogen fuel based cars but also rapid advances in hybrid cars and reducing emissions from internal combustion engines. In Europe, there are also increasing transport options becoming available to consumers from high speed rail, light rail, tram and clean bus networks. Nevertheless, the volume of committed investment from government and industry to the EV sector should provide a major platform for take-off in this market segment.

- A2A
- Acciona
- Aci Consult
- Alelion Batteries
- Allied Vehicles
- Bee Automobiles
- Better Place
- Bmw
- Bollore
- Byd Company
- Ce11A Ce
- Centric Automotive
- Critical Software
- Daimler Group
- Dbt
- Delta Motosport
- Dong Energy
- Duracar Holding
- Electric Cars Eur
- Ecolori
- Ecotricity
- Edag
- Edf
- Edp
- Efacec
- Effedi Automobile
- Electroengine
- Elektromotive
- Electrasun
- Endesa
- Enel
- Enexis
- E.On
- Epyon Power
- Etc
- Fiat
- Ford Motor Co
- Formula Zero
- Gordon Murray
- Gm Europe
- Green Propulsion
- Heuliez
- Iberdrola
- Imperia Automobile
- Indra
- Ingeteam
- Inteli
- Jaguar/Landrover
- Jjad
- Leaseplan Corp
- Liberty Electric
- Lightning Car Co
- Lithium Balance
- Lotus Engineering
- Lynx Electric
- Magna Int. Inc
- Mercedes-Benz
- Micro-Vett
- Mitsubishi
- Mobi.E Tech
- Nissan
- Novabase
- Panasonic
- Philips Applied Tech
- Pininfarina
- Porsche Automobil
- Powercircle
- Prodrive
- Psa
- Renault
- Reva Electric Car
- Rheinenergie
- Ricardo Control
- Rwe
- Saab
- Saft
- Schneider Electric
- Seat
- Spyker
- Systeam
- Tata Motors
- Tazzari Group
- Telefonica
- Test Site Sweden
- The Plugin Company
- Think
- Toyota
- Vauxhall
- Vag Group
- Volvo
- Zytec

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