Solar Photovoltaic (PV) Power - Global Market Size, Installation Prices, Module Market Shares, Market Segmentation, Regulations and Key Country Analysis to 2020
- Published: December 2011
- Region: Global
Brief Excerpt from Industry Overview Chapter:
Companies in this industry operate solar electric power generation facilities. Major companies include diversified electric utilities and independent producers E ON (Germany), Enel (Italy), Iberdrola (Spain), Tokyo Electric (Japan), and NextEra Energy (US).
Europe is the most advanced market for solar energy generation. Germany leads the world in installed solar energy capacity, followed by Italy, the US, Spain, and China. China dominates manufacturing of photovoltaic (PV) cells, the leading technology used to produce solar power, accounting for about two-thirds of global production.
The US solar power generation industry includes about 240 companies that provide a small but growing amount of the nation's electricity. Overall, solar energy accounts for less than 1 percent of the energy consumed in the US.
As with other power sources, demand for solar power is driven by residential, commercial, and industrial electricity demand, which increases with population and economic growth. Additionally, growing concern over environmental and geopolitical issues surrounding fossil fuels has boosted interest in renewable energy sources such as solar.
The profitability of individual companies is determined by government regulations and incentives, as well as technological factors. Large companies have an advantage in their ability to secure the financing necessary to build solar power generation facilities. Small companies can compete by attracting venture capital and using government subsidies. The US industry is highly concentrated: the top 10 utilities involved in solar power generation accounted for about 80 percent of cumulative solar capacity in...
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