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Dermatology and Dermatological Therapy of Pigmented Skins
Informa Healthcare, September 2005, Pages: 1
Approximately 80 percent of the world's population is pigmented; even in the United States, current projections indicate that by mid-century the majority of the population will be non-Caucasian. US dermatologists are already seeing a significant shift in the makeup of their client population. Yet, despite this changing face of the American population, until now practicing dermatologists and students in training have been challenged by the lack of a comprehensive textbook on the diagnosis and treatment of pigmented skins.
Dermatology and Dermatological Therapy of Pigmented Skins fills a serious need by providing an exceptionally comprehensive text on the practice of dermatology as it applies to the variety of skins found in the U.S. population. As the editors note, its not simply about dark skin versus light skin. Blacks, Asians, Hispanics, Native Americans, and Slavs all have different skin profiles and consequently require different treatment. The presentation of common dermatologic disorders will often vary from one ethnic group to another, and while some disorders may be found frequently in some groups, in others they are rarely found. Furthermore, the application of medical and surgical therapies will sometimes require different parameters for differently colored skin.
PART I: Oresajo, Sreekumar Pillai, and Georgianna M. Richards -- Biology, Structure and Function of Pigmented Skin. Racial Differences in Stratum Corneum Biology. Racial Differences in Functional and Biophysical Properties of Stratum Corneum. Racial Differences in Epidermal Structure. Racial Differences in Melanocyte Biology and Function. Melanocyte Biology Racial Differences. Racial Differences in Dermal Structure Biology of Dermis. Racial Differences Cutaneous Appendages Sebaceous Glands and Sweat Glands. Racial Differences in Hair Follicles and Hair Structure. Racial Differences in Nails. Racial Differences in Dermatological Conditions. Scarring and Keloid Scars Irritation. Allergic Contact Dermatitis. Racial Differences in Skin Immunological Responses.
Common Dermatological Diseases in Pigmented Skins; Rebat M. Halder, Howard L. Brooks, and Juan Carlos Caballero -- Acne Vulgaris and Related Disorders. Acne Conglobata. Follicular Occlusion. Triad Pomade. Acne Rosacea. Treatment of Benzoyl Peroxide Antibiotic Retinoids. Oral contraceptives. Hydroquinone. Azelaic Acid. Chemical Peels and Microdermabrasion. Dermatitis in Pigmented Skin. Prevalence and Clinical Manifestations of Atopic and Contact Dermatitis. Dermatophyte Infections in Ethnic Populations: Tinea Ca.
Neonatal and Pediatric Dermatological Diseases in Pigmented Skins; Patricia A. Treadwell-- Increased Inc Transient Neonatal Pustular Melanosis. Mongolian Spots. Dysp. Acropustulosis of Infancy Traction Folliculitis and/or Alopecia. Tinea Ca Hypopigmented Mycosis Fungoides. Lupus Erythematosus. Neonatal Lupus Erythematosus. Kawasaki Disease. Different Clinical Presentations. Erythema. Atopic Dermatitis. Nickel Contact Dermatitis. Seborrheic Dermatitis. Pityriasis Rosea. Tinea Polymorphous Light Eruption. Lichen Lichen Planus. Neurofibromatosis. Decreased Incidence.
Hair and Scalp Disorders in Pigmented Skins; Amy J. McMichael and Valerie D. Callender-- Basic Principles Inflammatory Scalp Disorders with Flaking. Contact Dermatitis. Irritant Contact Dermatitis. Allergic Contact Dermatitis. Tinea Ca. Lupus Erythematosus and Dermatomyositis. Lupus Erythematosus. Dermatomyositis. Inflammatory Disorders with Pustules or Cysts. Uncomplicated Folliculitis. Folliculitis Decalvans. Acne Keloidalis Nuchae. Dissecting Cellulitis. Scarring Hair Loss with Little or No Clinical Inflammation. Traction Alopecia. Central Centrifugal Cicatricial Alopecia. Sarcoid. Hair Shaft Disorders. Trichorrhexis Nodosa. Heat, Chemicals, and Other Drying Agents.
Pigmentary Disorders in Pigmented Skins; Rebat M. Halder, Maithily A. Nandedkar and Kenneth W. Neal-- Disorders of Hypopigmentation. Pityriasis Versicolor. Pityriasis Alba. Idiopathic Guttate Hypomelanosis. Disorders of Depigmentation. Vitiligo. _ Postinflammatory Hyperpigmentation and Hypopigmentation. Linea Erythema Dyschromicum Perstans (Ashy Dermatosis). Melasma Familial Racial Periorbital Hyperpigmentation. Drugs Used in the Management of Pigmentary Disorders. Topical Corticosteroids. Phenolic Agents. Azelaic Acid. Kojic A Arbutin. Licorice Extract. Topical Retinoids. Combination Therapy. Tars. Topical Tacrolimus. Pigmented Ne Nails. Palmoplantar Racial Differences. Nevus of Ota/Nevus of Ito. Genetic Diseases. Piebald.
Infectious Diseases of Pigmented Skins: Latino; Miguel R. Sanchez -- Superficial Fungal Infections. Human Papilloma Virus (HPV). Hepatitis. Syphilis. Onchocerciasis. Cysticercosis. Mycobacterium Infection. Chagas Disease. Dengue Fever. Paederus Dermatitis. Bartonellosis (Carrion's Disease). Cutaneous Larva Migrans. Cutaneous Larva Currens. Gnathostomiasis. Myiasis. Leishmaniasis. Chromomycos Hansen's Dis Rhinoscleroma Paracoccidioidomycosis (South American Blastomycosis). Sporotrichosis. Cutaneous Balamuthia mandrillaris Infection. Chronic Infective Lymphocytic Psoriaform Dermatitis. Lymphatic F.
Cutaneous Manifestations of Systemic Disease in Pigmented Skins; Yamini V. Saripalli and Sharon Bridgeman-Sha -- Sarcoidosis. Autoimmune Disease. Scleroderma. Lupus erythematosus. De Hematologic Disease. Hermansky-Pudlak Syndrome. Endocrine Disease - Diabetes Mellitus. Waxy Skin. Dermopathy. Acanthosis Nigricans. Diabetic Foot Ulcers. Necrobiosis Lipoidica Diabeticorum. Diabetic Bullae. Hepatic Disea Lichen Planus. Pruritus in Hepatic Disease. Cryoglobulinemia and Hepatitis C. Renal Disease. General. Kyrle's Disease. Pruritus in Renal Disease. Medications. Conclusion.
Skin Cancer in Pigmented Skins; Rebat M. Halder and Collette J. Ara -- African-Americans, Afro-Caribbeans and Africans. Hispanics. Asians. Native Americans. Public Health Issues for Skin Cancer in Pigmented Skins.
Intrinsic Skin Aging in Pigmented Races. Monte O. Harris -- General Considerations. Anthropologic Considerations and Facial Characteristics. Asian Morphology. Latino Morphology. African-American Morphology. Morphological Facial Aging. Ethnic Considerations - Facial Aging. Upper Mid Fac Lower Face. Rejuvenation Procedures. Conclusion.
Photoaging in Pigmented Skins; Rebat M. Halder and Georgianna M. Richards -- Photoaging in East and Southeast Asians. Photoaging in Blacks. Photoaging in Hispanics. of Photoaging in Pigmented Skins. Therapy of Photoaging of Pigmented Skins. Retinoids. Topical Tretinoin. Systemic Retinoid Therapy. Bleaching Agents. Chemical Peels. Photorejuvenation.
Pharmacological Agents for Pigmented Skins; Pearl E. Grimes -- Retinoids. Tretinoin Tazarot Adapalene. Retinol. Niacinamide. Benzoyl Peroxide. Anti-Infective Therapy. Topical Antibiotics. Systemic Antibiotics. Topical Corticosteroids. Vitamin C. Hydroquinone. Topical Immunomodulators.
Cosmetic and Dermatologic Surgery for Pigmented Skins; Pearl E. Grimes and Brooke A. Jackson -- Botulinum Toxin. Chemical Peel Peeling Agents. Peeling Protocol. Glycolic Acid. Salicylic Acid. Trichloroacetic Acid. Jessner's Solution. Medium and Deep Peels. Microdermabrasion. Rejuvenation in Ethnic Skin. Injectable Filling Agents. Collagen Hyaluronic Acid. Hyroxylapatite. Body Image and Body Contouring Procedures. Tumescent Liposuction.
Hair Transplantation for Pigmented Skins; Valerie D. Callender -- Racial Variations in Hair Morphology. Indications for Hair Transplantation in African-American Women. Traction Alopecia. Central Centrifugal Cicatricial Alopecia (CCCA). Hair Transplantation: Special Considerations for Black Women. Why Larger Grafts May Be Preferred in CCCA. How to Reduce the Risk of Scarring. The Importance of Physician-Patient Communication. .
Laser Therapy for Pigmented Skins; Lori M. Hobbs and Eliot F. Battle -- Historical Aspects of Laser Surgery. Laser Principles. Laser Principles in Pigmented Skin. Types of Lasers Commonly Used for Pigmented Skins. Vascular Lasers and Light Sources. The Intense Pulse Light Systems. Lasers for Pigmented Lesions. Specific Pigmented Disorders Common to Ethnic Skin Types. Melasma Postinflammatory Hyperpigmentation. Lentigines. Dermatosis Papulosis Nigra (DPN). Nevus of Ota. Tattoos. Miscellaneous. Keloids and Hypertrophic Scars. Psoriasis Vulgaris. Newer Applications for Lasers. Acne Vulgaris. Vitiligo. Laser-Assisted Hair Removal. Acne Keloidalis Nuchae. Nonablative Lasers.
Cosmetics, Hair Care Products, and Personal Care Products for Pigmented Skins; Victoria L. Holloway -- Unique Characteristics of Ethnic Hair. Hair Relaxers. History. Chemistry. Proper Use. Adverse Events. Thioglycolates for Permanent Waves, "Curls" and Thermal Reconditioning. Hair Bleach and Hair Color. Shampoos, Conditioners and Styling Products. Depilat Skin Care. Skin Lightening and Brightening Products. Sunscreens. Color Cosmet.
PART II: Lim-- Dermatoses Common or Unique in Asians. Acne Vulgaris. Atopic Dermatitis. Xerosis, Nummular Dermatitis and Dyshidrotic Eczema. Contact Dermatitis. Incidence/Prevalence. Clinical Manifestation. Pathophysiology. Pigmented Contact Dermatitis. Prurigo Nodularis, Actinic Prurigo, and Prurigo Pigmentosa. Primary Cutaneous Amyloidosis. Melasma. Mongolian Spot. Nevus of Ota and Nevus of Ito. Nonmelanoma Skin Cancer. Melanoma. Ofuji's Disease. Dermatoses Occurring in Asians. Vitiligo. Chronic Actinic Dermatitis. Dermatoses Secondary to Asian Cultural Medical Practice. Coin Rubbing. Cupping. Moxibustion.
Dermatologic Disease in Blacks; Rebat M. Halder, Camille I. Roberts, Pavan K. Nootheti, and Paul Kelly-- Basic Structure of Black Skin and Hair. Cultural Issues in Treating Blacks for Dermatologic Disease. Normal Variants of Black Skin. Common Skin and Hair Diseases. Seborrheic Dermatitis of Skin. Tinea (Pityriasis) Versicolor. Contact Dermatitis. Adverse Reactions to Hair-Coloring Products. Trichorrhexis Nodosa. Pseudofolliculitis Barbae. Clinical Presentation. Pseudofolliculitis Barbae in Women. Acne Keloidalis Nuchae. Treatment of Pseudofolliculitis Barbae. Adjuvant Measures. Electrolysis. Surgical Therapy. PFB. Dermatosis Papulosa Nigra (DPN). Vitiligo. Melasma Keloids. Medical Therapies. Surgical Therapies. Radiation Therapy. Physical Modalities. Common Skin Diseases with Unusual Presentations in Blacks. Atopic Dermatitis. Pityriasis Rosea. Secondary Syphilis. Sarcoid Discoid Lupus Erythematosus. Systemic Lupus Erythematosus. Scleroderma. Skin Cancer in the Black Races. Melanoma. Basal Cell Carcinoma. Squamous Cell Carcinoma. Mycosis Fungoides. Dermatofibrosarcoma Protuberans.
Dermatologic Disease in Hispanics/Latinos; Miguel Sanchez-- Cultural Aspects of Skin Disease. Postinflammatory Hyperpigmentation. Erythema Dyschromicum Perstans. Other Diseases with Hyperpigmentation. Melasma. Facial Pigmentary Disorders. Acne. Eczema. Actinic Prurig Hermansky-Pudlak syndrome. Capsaicin Dermatitis. Balanitis Xerotica Obliterans. Acanthosis Nigricans. Pityriasis Alba Idiopathic Guttate Hypomelanosis. Prayer Callou Skin Cancer. Basal Cell and Squamous Cell Carcinomas. Melanoma. Papular Urticaria.
Dermatologic Diseases in Native Americans; Willie F. Richardson, Jr., and R. Steven Padilla -- Special C Basic Science of Native American Skin. Unique Dermatoses. Hereditary Polymorphous Light Eruption. Clinical Presentation. Neutropenic Poikiloderma (formerly known as Navajo Poikiloderma). Common Dermatoses. Oral Focal Epithelial Hyperplasia (Heck's Disease). Hereditary Benign Intraepithelial Dyskeratosis. Acne Vulgaris. Acne Rosacea. Atopic Dermatitis. Dermatophyte Infection. Congenital Melanocytic Nevi, Pigmentary Anomalies, and Other Nevi. Psoriasis Vulgaris. Differential Diagnosis. Seborrheic Dermatitis. Lichen Planus. Granuloma Annulare. Dermatoses in Native Americans. Nonmelanoma Skin Cancer. Melanoma.
Rebat Halder Howard University Hospital, Washington, DC, USA.