Desalination Market to 2020 - Technology Driven Cost Reduction in Membrane Based Processes set to Drive Sustainability Investments into the Market
- Published: December 2010
The Oman Water Report provides industry professionals and strategists, corporate analysts, utilities associations, government departments and regulatory bodies with independent forecasts and competitive intelligence on Oman's water industry.
Oman’s limited water resources have led the country to focus on the development of desalinated water. It is undoubtedly the pioneer of independent power and water projects (IWPPs) in the region, with five major IWPPs on its books.
Agriculture accounts for 93% of water use in Oman, and there are no plans to divert water away from this relatively unproductive resource. Instead, the sultanate has focused on desalination of seawater to boost supplies to fast-growing urban areas.
According to state-owned Oman Power & Water Procurement Company (OPWP) demand for desalinated water will rise from 22.5bn gallons a year in 2008 to 53.5bn gallons a year in 2015. According to OPWP, Oman requires an extra 31mn gallons per day of desalination capacity. The business climate in Oman has been favourable for foreign investors. Major developers of IWPPs include Suez Energy, International Power, AES, and Omani and Gulf Co-operation Council (GCC) investors, which have all been drawn in by an open, transparent and investor-friendly business environment.
The authorities have been rethinking large parts of their IWPP ambitions in 2010; while Duqm IWPP is no longer to have a coal-fired element, the planned Ghubrah IWPP looks set to lose its power plant, leaving it a water only project with expected capacity of 45mn g/d.
The government’s view is that the market is not yet ready for a sale of the state’s interest in the OPWP. Neither does it anticipate moves to fully deregulate the sector and remove OPWP’s monopoly on the sale of water. Though some customers would benefit from the implementation of this measure, the government argues it would imply a significant change to the risk allocation of existing contracts for power and water purchase agreements.
The investment going into water supply networks is a positive – as the recent investment from Saudi Arabia’s ACWA Power in the Barka 1 IWPP has shown – and will ensure a relatively strong increase in connections in the main urban areas over the forecast period.
Demand for desalinated water is projected to more than double over the next seven years from 132.9mn cubic metres (m3) a year in 2009 to 320.6mn m3 by 2016, according to a study released in June by Oman Power and Water Procurement Company (OPWP). The projections, based on a seven-year (2010-2016) demand outlook forecast a 13% increase in annual average consumption growth over this period. SHOW LESS READ MORE >
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