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Fuel Cells For Vehicles Market Opportunities and Forecasts, 2005 to 2011 Product Image

Fuel Cells For Vehicles Market Opportunities and Forecasts, 2005 to 2011

  • ID: 1503
  • January 2005
  • Region: Global
  • 225 pages
  • Wintergreen Research, Inc

Fuel cells will replace all alternative fuels by 2005.  Fleet vehicle markets will evolve first. 

Vehicle fuel cell markets at $40.5 million in 2005 represent the beginning of commercial introduction of cars that use fuel cell systems.  Markets are expected to reach $8.5 billion by 2011.

Commercialization challenges for the automotive fuel cell industry relate to making vehicle fuel cells cost competitive with existing gasoline engines.  The most difficult challenges are low-cost infrastructure, range, and power density.  Other challenges include cost reduction, component integration complexity reduction, and increasing safety. 

Companies Profiled:

Allied Utility Network
Altair Technologies
Ballard Power Systems
Ceramic Fuel Cells Limited
Dais Analytic
DaimlerChrysler
Duracell
Energizer
Energy Partners Ltd
Engelhard Corporation
Evonyx's Evictory
Ford
FuelCell Energy
GreenVolt Power
H Power Corp
Honda
Hydrovolt Energy
IdaTech
Impco
International Fuel Cells / United Technologies
Johnson Controls / Optima Batteries
Manhattan Scientifics Inc
Medis Ethanol Fuel Cell
Metallic READ MORE >

VEHICULAR FUEL CELL EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

Fuel Cell Vehicle Market Forecasts .ES-2

1. DESCRIPTION OF FUEL CELL VEHICLE MARKET FORCES.

1.1 Vehicular Applications For Fuel Cells .1-2
1.2 Parameters For Fuel Cell Powered Vehicles.1-3
1.3 Fuel Cells For Passenger Cars .1-4
1.4 Fuel Cell Vs. Internal Combustion Engine.1-4
1.5 National Mandates Require Automakers To Sell Low-Polluting Cars .1-5
1.6 Commercializing Fuel Cell Vehicles.1-8
1.6.1 Automotive Use Of Fuel Cells .1-9
1.7 Vehicle Fuel Cell Engine As A Portable Generator.1-9
1.8 Proton Exchange Membrane (PEM).1-10
1.9 Promise Of Methanol Fuel Cell Vehicles.1-12
1.9.1 Methanol Reformer.1-13
1.9.2 Direct Methanol Fuel Cell (DMFC) Technology .1-14
1.10 Methane Environmental Damage.1-14
1.11 Environmental Benefits Of Using Fuel Cell Technology .1-15
1.12 Emission Challenges .1-18
1.13 Mass Transit Growth.1-18
1.14 State Mandates Require Automakers To Sell Low-Polluting Cars .1-19

2. VEHICULAR FUEL CELL MARKET DEVELOPMENT AND MARKET FORECASTS.

2.1 Fuel Cell Vehicle Market Forecasts .2-2
2.1.1 Vehicle fuel Cell Market Forecast, 2002 to 2004 and 2005-2011, Dollars .2-2
2.1.2 Vehicle Fuel Cell Market Forecast, 2002 to 2004 and 2005-2011, Units .2-7
2.2 Automotive Fuel Cell Market Penetration.2-9
2.3 Global Sales Of Automobiles.2-13
2.4 Passenger Vehicle Fuel Cell Dollars Per System.2-15
2.4.1 Passenger Vehicle Fuel Cell Dollars Per Kilowatt and Dollars Per System.2-16
2.5 Mass Transit Fuel Cell Market Forecasts.2-20
2.5.1 Mass Transit Fuel Cell Market Penetration .2-24
2.6 Fuel Cell Cost Analysis .2-26
2.7 Fuel Cell Cost.2-27
2.8 Refueling Infrastructure .2-27
2.8.1 Natural Gas .2-28
2.8.2 Natural Gas Refueling Infrastructure .2-28
2.8.3 Methanol.2-32
2.8.4 Methanol Refueling Infrastructure .2-32
2.8.5 Total Hydrogen Infrastructure Costs .2-36
2.8.6 Refueling Infrastructure Installed Base of Stations, 2005-2011.2-37
2.8.7 Fuel Alternatives .2-43
2.8.8 Methanol.2-44
2.8.9 Methanol Portable Energy Plant .2-44
2.9 Costs of Fuel Cell Reformer.2-45
2.10 Vehicle Fuel Cell Regional Analysis .2-46
2.10.1 Japanese 50,000 FCVs .2-50
2.11 Automotive Market Initiatives .2-51
2.11.1 DaimlerChrysler.2-51
2.11.2 Fuel Cell Vehicles.2-51
2.12 DMFC Vehicle.2-55
2.12.1 DuPont .2-55
2.13 Reformers.2-55
2.13.1 Johnson Matthey .2-56
2.13.2 Xcellsis .2-56
2.14 Fuel Cells Vehicle Impact On Oil Use.2-56
2.14.1 Carbon Dioxide Emissions.2-56
2.14.2 UTC Fuel Cells / Nissan.2-57

3. FUEL CELL VEHICULAR PRODUCT DESCRIPTION.

3.1 Fuel Cell Products .3-1
3.2 Ballard Power.3-1
3.2.1 Ballard / DaimlerChrysler.3-1
3.2.2 Ballard / Honda .3-2
3.2.3 Ballard / Nissan .3-2
3.3 International Fuel Cells .3-2
3.4 Global Thermoelectric .3-2
3.5 Millennium Cell Automotive Prototypes .3-2
3.6 Manhattan Scientifics.3-3
3.6.1 Manhattan Scientifics 3 kW Portable Fuel Cell.3-3
3.6.2 Xcellsis .3-4
3.6.3 Zetek .3-4
3.6.4 Electric Fuel Zinc Air Battery .3-4
3.6.5 Teledyne Energy Systems PEM Fuel Cell Stacks .3-4
3.6.6 Emerson 3-5
3.7 Selected Demonstrations Of Fuel Cell Vehicles From The Major Automobile Manufacturers.3-5
3.8 Fuel Cell Passenger Vehicles .3-8
3.8.1 General Motors .3-8
3.8.2 GM's HydroGen1.3-10
3.8.3 DaimlerChrysler.3-10
3.8.4 DaimlerChrysler Fuel Cells .3-10
3.8.5 DaimlerChrysler Field Test Fu el Cell Van.3-12
3.8.6 DaimlerChrysler / Mitsubishi.3-12
3.9 Toyota Plans To Start Selling Fuel Cell Cars .3-13
3.9.1 Toyota Hybrid Engine System -- Toyota THS-M .3-14
3.9.2 Toyota Fuel Cell Hybrid Passenger Car.3-15
3.10 Ford .3-15
3.10.1 Startech Environmental Hydrogen Ford Vehicle .3-16
3.10.2 Honda 3rd Generation Fuel Cell Vehicle .3-16
3.10.3 Honda And Celanese Develop Fuel Cell.3-16
3.10.4 Mazda Methanol Reformer Fuel Cell Car .3-17
3.10.5 BMW .3-17
3.10.6 BMW And Delphi .3-17
3.10.7 Volkswagen .3-18
3.10.8 Nissan .3-18
3.10.10 Renault / Nissan / Peugot To Develop Fuel Cell Cars .3-19
3.10.11 Hyundai .3-19
3.10.12 Fiat .3-19
3.10.13 ZeVco .3-19
3.11 Fuel Cell Busses .3-20
3.11.1 Toyota Fuel Cell Hybrid Bus .3-21
3.11.2 DaimlerChrysler.3-22
3.11.3 Renault And Iveco Fuel Cell Bus .3-22
3.11.4 Thor .3-22
3.11.5 Scania Fuel Cell Bus .3-23
3.11.6 DCH Fuel Cell Water Taxi.3-23
3.12 Fuel Cell Trucks And Heavy-Duty Vehicles .3-23
3.12.1 WestStart .3-23
3.13 Bicycles, Golf Carts, And Small Vehicles.3-24
3.13.1 Manhattan Scientifics, Aprilia Develop FC Bicycle .3-24
3.13.2 ZAP Fuel Cell Bike In 2002.3-24
3.13.3 Astris Energi Fuel Cell Golf Cart .3-25
3.13.4 Robot For Remote Seabed Exploration.3-25
3.13.5 Fuel Cell Technologies Artic Ice Cap Power Project.3-25
3.14 Fuel Cell Powered Boats.3-26
3.15 Fuel Cell Powered Aircraft .3-26
3.15.1 FASTec Fuel Cell Powered Aircraft .3-26
3.16 Fueling Stations.3-27
3.16.1 Honda Installs Solar Hydrogen Fueling Station .3-27
3.16.2 Schatz Energy Research Center.3-28
3.16.3 DaimlerChrysler Singapore Fuel Cell Infrastructure .3-29
3.16.4 Millennium Cell -- Ford .3-29
3.16.5 Millennium Cell Automotive Prototypes .3-30
3.16.6 HARC .3-30
3.16.7 Avista Labs Hydrogen From A Storage Tank .3-31
3.16.8 Westport, BC Gas, Pickens Merge As Largest NG Fuel Provider.3-32
3.17 Fuel Processor.3-32
3.17.1 GM / Toyota / ExxonMobil.3-32
3.17.2 General Motors and Exxon Mobil Create Gasoline Fuel Processor.3-32
3.17.3 GM, Exxon Mobil Testing Gasoline Fuel Cells .3-33
3.17.4 BASF, DaimlerChrysler, Xcellsis, BP, Methanex, And Statoil Methanol Fuel Cells .3-34
3.17.5 Airport Charging.3-35
3.18 California Fuel Cell Partnership .3-36

4. VEHICULAR FUEL CELL TECHNOLOGY.

4.1 Gasoline Processor Bridge Technology .4-1
4.1.1 IMPCO Gaseous Fuel Injector Technology .4-1
4.2 Hydrogen Or Methanol.4-1
4.3 Methanol .4-2
4.4 Methanol Fuel Cells .4-3
4.5 Underwater Vehicle Fuel Cells .4-4
4.6 Advanced Fuel Reformation For Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells .4-4
4.7 Dynamic Modeling Of Fuel Cells And Fuel Cell Hybrid Systems .4-5
4.8 Molten Carbonate Single Cell Test And Evaluation.4-6
4.9 Advanced Power Generation – Fuel Flexibility.4-6
4.10 NFCRC Distributed Energy Technology Test Bed.4-7
4.11 Solar Utilities Advanced Power Generation - Photovoltaics .4-8
4.12 Standardize Charging Systems .4-9
4.13 Biodiesel Designated as Alternative Fuel.4-10

5. FUEL CELL COMPANY PROFILES .

5.1 Experience In Fuel Cell Technology.5-1
5.2 Allied Utility Network.5-5
5.3 Altair Technologies .5-5
5.3.1 Altair SOFC Fuel Cell .5-5
5.4 Ballard Power Systems .5-6
5.4.1 Ballard, Shell, And Westcoast.5-6
5.4.2 Ballard Power Systems / Graftech .5-7
5.4.3 Ballard 250-kW Stationary Fuel Cell Power Generator.5-7
5.4.4 Ebara Ballard.5-7
5.4.5 Ballard And Victrex.5-8
5.5 Ceramic Fuel Cells Limited .5-8
5.5.1 Ceramic Fuel Cells Limited Product Development .5-8
5.5.2 Ceramic Fuel Cells Limited Technology.5-9
5.6 Dais Analytic .5-10
5.7 DaimlerChrysler.5-11
5.7.1 Ballard Power / DaimlerChrysler.5-13
5.7.2 Mazda Motor / DaimlerChrysler Japan.5-13
5.7.3 DaimlerChrysler Field Test Fuel Cell Van.5-13
5.8 Duracell .5-14
5.9 Energizer .5-14
5.10 Energy Partners Ltd.5-15
5.11 Engelhard Corporation .5-15
5.12 Evonyx's Evictory.5-16
5.13 Ford .5-16
5.14 FuelCell Energy.5-17
5.14.1 FuelCell Energy Direct FuelCell.5-17
5.15 GreenVolt Power.5-18
5.16 H Power Corp.5-19
5.16.1 Prototype Stationary Fuel Cell Systems .5-21
5.16.2 H Power Strategy .5-21
5.16.3 H Power / Kurita Purification Technology.5-23
5.17 Honda .5-23
5.18 Hydrovolt Energy.5-24
5.19 IdaTech .5-25
5.20 Impco .5-26
5.20.1 Impco Technologies Business Strategy .5-27
5.20.2 Fuel Cell Initiatives .5-28
5.21 International Fuel Cells / United Technologies .5-28
5.21.1 International Fuel Cells Experience .5-29
5.21.2 United Technologies .5-31
5.21.3 Installed Base.5-32
5.21.4 International Fuel Cells Joins California Fuel Cell Partnership .5-32
5.21.5 International Fuel Cells Target Markets .5-33
5.21.6 International Fuel Cells Residential Market Positioning .5-34
5.21.7 International Fuel Cells Light Commercial Market Positioning .5-34
5.22 Johnson Controls / Optima Batteries .5-35
5.23 Manhattan Scientifics Inc.5-35
5.23.1 Manhattan Scientifics / Electrolux / Lunar.5-36
5.24 Medis Ethanol Fuel Cell .5-37
5.25 Metallic Power.5-37
5.26 Millennium Cell.5-37
5.26.1 Millennium Cell Hydrogen Initiative.5-37
5.26.2 Millennium Cell Longer-Life Batteries .5-38
5.26.3 Millennium Cell Strategic Alliances .5-38
5.26.4 Millennium Cell .5-40
5.27 Mitsui .5-40
5.28 Niagara Mohawk Power Corporation.5-40
5.29 Nuvera .5-41
5.30 Plug Power Fuel Cell .5-41
5.30.1 Customers And Strategic Allies .5-45
5.30.2 Plug Power / GE MicroGen (GEMG) Distribution Network .5-46
5.30.3 GEMG Product, GE HomeGen 7000.5-47
5.31 PowerTek .5-48
5.32 Proton Energy Systems .5-48
5.33 Rayovac .5-49
5.34 Schatz Energy Research Center.5-49
5.35 Teledyne .5-49
5.36 Texaco .5-50
5.37 Toyota Fuel Cell Cars .5-50
5.38 Trojan Battery .5-51
5.39 Ultralife Batteries .5-52
5.39.1 Customers .5-54
5.40 XCellsis .5-54
5.41 Zevco .5-55

List of Tables and Figures

Table ES-1 ES-1
Commercialization Challenges Of The Automotive Fuel Cell Industry
Figure ES-2 ES-3
Global vehicular fuel cell shipments, dollars, 2005-2011
Table ES-3 ES-4
Global passenger vehicle fuel cell market forecast, dollars per killowatt, units and dollars, 2005-2011
Table 1-1 1-1
Global Trends Driving Fuel Cell Development
Table 1-2 1-2
Vehicular Applications For Fuel Cells
Table 1-3 1-3
Parameters Of Fuel Cell Unit Powered Vehicles
Table 1-4 1-4
Traditional Internal Combustion Engine Type Of Work
Table 1-5 1-6
Global Comparison Of Fuel Economy Standards
Table 1-6 1-15
Environmental Benefits Of Using Fuel Cell Technology
Table 1-7 1-16
Fuel Cell Advantages Compared To Internal Combustion Engine
Table 2-1 2-1
Commercialization Challenges Of The Automotive Fuel Cell Industry
Figure 2-2 2-3
Global Vehicular fuel cell shipments, dollars, 2001-2004
Table 2-3 2-4
Global Passenger vehicle fuel cell market forecasts, dollars per kilowatt, units and dollars, 2002-2004
Figure 2-4 2-5
Global Vehicular fuel cell shipments, dollars, 2005-2011
Table 2-5 2-6
Global Passenger vehicle fuel cell market forecasts, dollars per kilowatt, units and dollars, 2005-2011
Figure 2-6 2-7
Global vehicular fuel cell shipments, Units, 2001-2004
Figure 2-7 2-9
Global vehicular fuel Cell market Forecast, system units, 2005-2011
Figure 2-8 2-10
Global Number Of Fuel Cell Vehicle Market Penetration, 2005-2011
Table 2-9 2-11
Global Fuel Cell Penetration Of Passenger And Sport Utility Vehicle Sales Per Year, Shipments, Units, 2005-
2011
Table 2-10 2-12
Fuel Cell Vehicle Forecasts, 2005-2020
Figure 2-11 2-14
Global number of vehicles in installed base, 2005-2011
Table 2-12 2-14
Global number of vehicles in installed base, 2005-2011
Figure 2-13 2-16
Global vehicular Fuel Cell, dollars per kilowatt market Forecasts, 2001-2004
Figure 2-14 2-17
Global vehicular Fuel Cell, dollars per system market forecast, 2001-2004
Figure 2-15 2-18
Global vehicular Fuel Cell, dollars per kilowatt market forecast, 2005-2011
Figure 2-16 2-19
Global vehicular Fuel Cell, market forecast, dollars per system, 2005-2011
Figure 2-17 2-21
Global mass transit vehicle Fuel Cell, market forecast, shipment dollars, 2005-2011
Table 2-18 2-22
Global mass transit vehicle Fuel Cell market forecast, dollars per kilowatt, units and dollars, 2005-2011
Figure 2-19 2-23
Global mass transit vehicle Fuel Cell market forecast, shipment units, 2005-2011
Figure 2-20 2-24
Global number of mass transit Fuel Cell Vehicles market penetration, 2005-2011
Table 2-21 2-25
Global fuel cell penetration of mass transit vehicle sales per year, shipments, units, 2005-2011
Figure 2-22 2-29
Global Natural Gas Fuel Cell New Refueling Station Market Forecast, 2005-2011
Figure 2-23 2-30
Global Natural Gas Fuel Cell Cost Per Refueling Station Forecast, 2005-2011
Figure 2-24 2-31
Global Natural Gas Fuel Cell New Refueling Station Cost, Market Forecast, Dollars, 2005-2011
Figure 2-25 2-33
Global Methanol Fuel Cell New Refueling Station Market Forecast, 2005-2011
Figure 2-26 2-34
Global Methanol Fuel Cell Cost Per Refueling Station Forecast, 2005-2011
Figure 2-27 2-35
Global Methanol Fuel Cell New Refueling Station Cost Market Forecast, Dollars, 2005-2011
Figure 2-28 2-36
Global Fuel Cell New Refueling Station Cost, Market Forecast, Dollars, 2005-2011
Figure 2-29 2-37
Global Fuel Cell New Refueling Stations Per Year, Market Forecast, 2005-2011
Figure 2-30 2-38
Global Fuel Cell New Refueling Station Market, 2005-2011
Table 2-31 2-39
Global refueling station Fuel Cell infrastructure costs by fuel type, dollars, 2005-2011
Figure 2-32 2-40
Global Natural Gas Fuel Cell New Refueling Stations Market Penetration Of Existing Infrastructure Forecast,
2005-2011
Figure 2-33 2-41
Global Methanol Fuel Cell New Refueling Stations Market Penetration Of Existing Infrastructure Forecast,
2005-2011
Table 2-34 2-42
Global Fuel Cell Refueling Station Installed Infrastructure By Fuel Type, Number Stations, 2005-2011
Table 2-35 2-43
Global New Fuel Cell Refueling Stations, 2005-2011
Figure 2-36 2-46
Global Vehicular Fuel Cell Shipments By Region, Dollars, 2005-2011
Figure 2-37 2-47
Global Vehicular Fuel Cell Shipments By Region, Dollars, 2011
Table 2-38 2-48
Global Vehicle Shipment Destinations, Regional Analysis, Percent, 2005-2011
Figure 2-39 2-49
Global Fuel Cell Shipments U.S. Regional Market Analysis Forecast, Dollars, 2005- 2011
Table 2-40 2-50
Global Regional Vehicle Shipments, Dollars, 2005-2011
Table 2-41 2-53
Vehicle Development Initiatives
Table 2-42 2-54
Truck Initiatives
Table 2-43 2-54
Molten Carbonate Fuel Cell Research ·
Table 2-44 2-54
Plates Resistance to Corrosion Research
Table 2-45 2-55
Co2 Recycling Elimination Research
Table 3-1 3-6
Selected Demonstrations Of Fuel Cell Vehicles From The Major Automobile Manufacturers
Table 5-1 5-1
Automakers With Fuel Cell Products
Table 5-2 5-3
Automotive Company Fuel Cell Initiatives
Table 5-3 5-9
Ceramic Fuel Cells Limited SOFC Technology
Table 5-4 5-10
Ceramic Fuel Cells Limited Principal Corporate Activity
Table 5-5 5-19
GreenVolt Power Target Markets
Table 5-6 5-22
Key Elements In H Power Strategy
Table 5-7 5-24
Hydrovolt Application Positioning
Table 5-8 5-33
International Fuel Cell Target Markets
Table 5-9 5-36
Manhattan Scientifics Fuel Cell Technology Projects
Table 5-10 5-42
Plug Power Fuel Cell Product Positioning
Table 5-11 5-42
Plug Power Fuel Cell Target Markets
Table 5-12 5-44
Plug Power Fuel Cell Strategic Alliances With Key Vendors
Table 5-13 5-48
Proton Energy Systems PEM Electrochemical Products
Table 5-14 5-51
Trojan Battery Target Markets

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