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Fuel Cells For Vehicles Market Opportunities and Forecasts, 2005 to 2011

  • ID: 1503
  • Report
  • January 2005
  • Region: Global
  • 225 pages
  • Wintergreen Research, Inc
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Fuel cells will replace all alternative fuels by 2005.  Fleet vehicle markets will evolve first. 

Vehicle fuel cell markets at $40.5 million in 2005 represent the beginning of commercial introduction of cars that use fuel cell systems.  Markets are expected to reach $8.5 billion by 2011.

Commercialization challenges for the automotive fuel cell industry relate to making vehicle fuel cells cost competitive with existing gasoline engines.  The most difficult challenges are low-cost infrastructure, range, and power density.  Other challenges include cost reduction, component integration complexity reduction, and increasing safety. 

Companies Profiled:

Allied Utility Network
Altair Technologies
Ballard Power Systems
Ceramic Fuel Cells Limited
Dais Analytic
DaimlerChrysler
Duracell
Energizer
Energy Partners Ltd
Engelhard Corporation
Evonyx's Evictory
Ford
FuelCell Energy
GreenVolt Power
H Power Corp
Honda
Hydrovolt Energy
IdaTech
Impco
International Fuel Cells / United Technologies
Johnson Controls / Optima Batteries
Manhattan Scientifics Inc
Medis Ethanol Fuel Cell
Metallic Power
Millennium Cell
Mitsui
Niagara Mohawk Power Corporation
Nuvera
Plug Power Fuel Cell
PowerTek
Proton Energy Systems
Rayovac
Schatz Energy Research Center
Teledyne
Texaco
Toyota Fuel Cell Cars
Trojan Battery
Ultralife Batteries
Xcellsis
Zevco

Fuel Cells For Vehicles Market Opportunities and Forecasts, 2005-2011: Report Methodology

This is the hundred and thirtieth report in a series of market research reports that provide forecasts in communications, telecommunications, the internet, computer, software, and telephone equipment.  The project leaders take direct responsibility for writing and preparing each report. They have significant experience preparing industry studies.  Forecasts are based on primary research and proprietary data bases.  Forecasts reflect analysis of the market trends in the segment and related segments.  Unit and dollar shipments are analyzed through consideration of dollar volume of each market participation in the segment.  Installed base analysis and unit analysis is based on interviews and an information search.   Market share analysis includes conversations with key customers of products, industry segment leaders, marketing directors, distributors, leading market participants, opinion leaders, and companies seeking to develop measurable market share.  Over 200 in depth interviews are conducted for each report with a broad range of key participants and industry leaders in the market segment.
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VEHICULAR FUEL CELL EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

Fuel Cell Vehicle Market Forecasts .ES-2

1. DESCRIPTION OF FUEL CELL VEHICLE MARKET FORCES.

1.1 Vehicular Applications For Fuel Cells .1-2
1.2 Parameters For Fuel Cell Powered Vehicles.1-3
1.3 Fuel Cells For Passenger Cars .1-4
1.4 Fuel Cell Vs. Internal Combustion Engine.1-4
1.5 National Mandates Require Automakers To Sell Low-Polluting Cars .1-5
1.6 Commercializing Fuel Cell Vehicles.1-8
1.6.1 Automotive Use Of Fuel Cells .1-9
1.7 Vehicle Fuel Cell Engine As A Portable Generator.1-9
1.8 Proton Exchange Membrane (PEM).1-10
1.9 Promise Of Methanol Fuel Cell Vehicles.1-12
1.9.1 Methanol Reformer.1-13
1.9.2 Direct Methanol Fuel Cell (DMFC) Technology .1-14
1.10 Methane Environmental Damage.1-14
1.11 Environmental Benefits Of Using Fuel Cell Technology .1-15
1.12 Emission Challenges .1-18
1.13 Mass Transit Growth.1-18
1.14 State Mandates Require Automakers To Sell Low-Polluting Cars .1-19

2. VEHICULAR FUEL CELL MARKET DEVELOPMENT AND MARKET FORECASTS.

2.1 Fuel Cell Vehicle Market Forecasts .2-2
2.1.1 Vehicle fuel Cell Market Forecast, 2002 to 2004 and 2005-2011, Dollars .2-2
2.1.2 Vehicle Fuel Cell Market Forecast, 2002 to 2004 and 2005-2011, Units .2-7
2.2 Automotive Fuel Cell Market Penetration.2-9
2.3 Global Sales Of Automobiles.2-13
2.4 Passenger Vehicle Fuel Cell Dollars Per System.2-15
2.4.1 Passenger Vehicle Fuel Cell Dollars Per Kilowatt and Dollars Per System.2-16
2.5 Mass Transit Fuel Cell Market Forecasts.2-20
2.5.1 Mass Transit Fuel Cell Market Penetration .2-24
2.6 Fuel Cell Cost Analysis .2-26
2.7 Fuel Cell Cost.2-27
2.8 Refueling Infrastructure .2-27
2.8.1 Natural Gas .2-28
2.8.2 Natural Gas Refueling Infrastructure .2-28
2.8.3 Methanol.2-32
2.8.4 Methanol Refueling Infrastructure .2-32
2.8.5 Total Hydrogen Infrastructure Costs .2-36
2.8.6 Refueling Infrastructure Installed Base of Stations, 2005-2011.2-37
2.8.7 Fuel Alternatives .2-43
2.8.8 Methanol.2-44
2.8.9 Methanol Portable Energy Plant .2-44
2.9 Costs of Fuel Cell Reformer.2-45
2.10 Vehicle Fuel Cell Regional Analysis .2-46
2.10.1 Japanese 50,000 FCVs .2-50
2.11 Automotive Market Initiatives .2-51
2.11.1 DaimlerChrysler.2-51
2.11.2 Fuel Cell Vehicles.2-51
2.12 DMFC Vehicle.2-55
2.12.1 DuPont .2-55
2.13 Reformers.2-55
2.13.1 Johnson Matthey .2-56
2.13.2 Xcellsis .2-56
2.14 Fuel Cells Vehicle Impact On Oil Use.2-56
2.14.1 Carbon Dioxide Emissions.2-56
2.14.2 UTC Fuel Cells / Nissan.2-57

3. FUEL CELL VEHICULAR PRODUCT DESCRIPTION.

3.1 Fuel Cell Products .3-1
3.2 Ballard Power.3-1
3.2.1 Ballard / DaimlerChrysler.3-1
3.2.2 Ballard / Honda .3-2
3.2.3 Ballard / Nissan .3-2
3.3 International Fuel Cells .3-2
3.4 Global Thermoelectric .3-2
3.5 Millennium Cell Automotive Prototypes .3-2
3.6 Manhattan Scientifics.3-3
3.6.1 Manhattan Scientifics 3 kW Portable Fuel Cell.3-3
3.6.2 Xcellsis .3-4
3.6.3 Zetek .3-4
3.6.4 Electric Fuel Zinc Air Battery .3-4
3.6.5 Teledyne Energy Systems PEM Fuel Cell Stacks .3-4
3.6.6 Emerson 3-5
3.7 Selected Demonstrations Of Fuel Cell Vehicles From The Major Automobile Manufacturers.3-5
3.8 Fuel Cell Passenger Vehicles .3-8
3.8.1 General Motors .3-8
3.8.2 GM's HydroGen1.3-10
3.8.3 DaimlerChrysler.3-10
3.8.4 DaimlerChrysler Fuel Cells .3-10
3.8.5 DaimlerChrysler Field Test Fu el Cell Van.3-12
3.8.6 DaimlerChrysler / Mitsubishi.3-12
3.9 Toyota Plans To Start Selling Fuel Cell Cars .3-13
3.9.1 Toyota Hybrid Engine System -- Toyota THS-M .3-14
3.9.2 Toyota Fuel Cell Hybrid Passenger Car.3-15
3.10 Ford .3-15
3.10.1 Startech Environmental Hydrogen Ford Vehicle .3-16
3.10.2 Honda 3rd Generation Fuel Cell Vehicle .3-16
3.10.3 Honda And Celanese Develop Fuel Cell.3-16
3.10.4 Mazda Methanol Reformer Fuel Cell Car .3-17
3.10.5 BMW .3-17
3.10.6 BMW And Delphi .3-17
3.10.7 Volkswagen .3-18
3.10.8 Nissan .3-18
3.10.10 Renault / Nissan / Peugot To Develop Fuel Cell Cars .3-19
3.10.11 Hyundai .3-19
3.10.12 Fiat .3-19
3.10.13 ZeVco .3-19
3.11 Fuel Cell Busses .3-20
3.11.1 Toyota Fuel Cell Hybrid Bus .3-21
3.11.2 DaimlerChrysler.3-22
3.11.3 Renault And Iveco Fuel Cell Bus .3-22
3.11.4 Thor .3-22
3.11.5 Scania Fuel Cell Bus .3-23
3.11.6 DCH Fuel Cell Water Taxi.3-23
3.12 Fuel Cell Trucks And Heavy-Duty Vehicles .3-23
3.12.1 WestStart .3-23
3.13 Bicycles, Golf Carts, And Small Vehicles.3-24
3.13.1 Manhattan Scientifics, Aprilia Develop FC Bicycle .3-24
3.13.2 ZAP Fuel Cell Bike In 2002.3-24
3.13.3 Astris Energi Fuel Cell Golf Cart .3-25
3.13.4 Robot For Remote Seabed Exploration.3-25
3.13.5 Fuel Cell Technologies Artic Ice Cap Power Project.3-25
3.14 Fuel Cell Powered Boats.3-26
3.15 Fuel Cell Powered Aircraft .3-26
3.15.1 FASTec Fuel Cell Powered Aircraft .3-26
3.16 Fueling Stations.3-27
3.16.1 Honda Installs Solar Hydrogen Fueling Station .3-27
3.16.2 Schatz Energy Research Center.3-28
3.16.3 DaimlerChrysler Singapore Fuel Cell Infrastructure .3-29
3.16.4 Millennium Cell -- Ford .3-29
3.16.5 Millennium Cell Automotive Prototypes .3-30
3.16.6 HARC .3-30
3.16.7 Avista Labs Hydrogen From A Storage Tank .3-31
3.16.8 Westport, BC Gas, Pickens Merge As Largest NG Fuel Provider.3-32
3.17 Fuel Processor.3-32
3.17.1 GM / Toyota / ExxonMobil.3-32
3.17.2 General Motors and Exxon Mobil Create Gasoline Fuel Processor.3-32
3.17.3 GM, Exxon Mobil Testing Gasoline Fuel Cells .3-33
3.17.4 BASF, DaimlerChrysler, Xcellsis, BP, Methanex, And Statoil Methanol Fuel Cells .3-34
3.17.5 Airport Charging.3-35
3.18 California Fuel Cell Partnership .3-36

4. VEHICULAR FUEL CELL TECHNOLOGY.

4.1 Gasoline Processor Bridge Technology .4-1
4.1.1 IMPCO Gaseous Fuel Injector Technology .4-1
4.2 Hydrogen Or Methanol.4-1
4.3 Methanol .4-2
4.4 Methanol Fuel Cells .4-3
4.5 Underwater Vehicle Fuel Cells .4-4
4.6 Advanced Fuel Reformation For Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells .4-4
4.7 Dynamic Modeling Of Fuel Cells And Fuel Cell Hybrid Systems .4-5
4.8 Molten Carbonate Single Cell Test And Evaluation.4-6
4.9 Advanced Power Generation – Fuel Flexibility.4-6
4.10 NFCRC Distributed Energy Technology Test Bed.4-7
4.11 Solar Utilities Advanced Power Generation - Photovoltaics .4-8
4.12 Standardize Charging Systems .4-9
4.13 Biodiesel Designated as Alternative Fuel.4-10

5. FUEL CELL COMPANY PROFILES .

5.1 Experience In Fuel Cell Technology.5-1
5.2 Allied Utility Network.5-5
5.3 Altair Technologies .5-5
5.3.1 Altair SOFC Fuel Cell .5-5
5.4 Ballard Power Systems .5-6
5.4.1 Ballard, Shell, And Westcoast.5-6
5.4.2 Ballard Power Systems / Graftech .5-7
5.4.3 Ballard 250-kW Stationary Fuel Cell Power Generator.5-7
5.4.4 Ebara Ballard.5-7
5.4.5 Ballard And Victrex.5-8
5.5 Ceramic Fuel Cells Limited .5-8
5.5.1 Ceramic Fuel Cells Limited Product Development .5-8
5.5.2 Ceramic Fuel Cells Limited Technology.5-9
5.6 Dais Analytic .5-10
5.7 DaimlerChrysler.5-11
5.7.1 Ballard Power / DaimlerChrysler.5-13
5.7.2 Mazda Motor / DaimlerChrysler Japan.5-13
5.7.3 DaimlerChrysler Field Test Fuel Cell Van.5-13
5.8 Duracell .5-14
5.9 Energizer .5-14
5.10 Energy Partners Ltd.5-15
5.11 Engelhard Corporation .5-15
5.12 Evonyx's Evictory.5-16
5.13 Ford .5-16
5.14 FuelCell Energy.5-17
5.14.1 FuelCell Energy Direct FuelCell.5-17
5.15 GreenVolt Power.5-18
5.16 H Power Corp.5-19
5.16.1 Prototype Stationary Fuel Cell Systems .5-21
5.16.2 H Power Strategy .5-21
5.16.3 H Power / Kurita Purification Technology.5-23
5.17 Honda .5-23
5.18 Hydrovolt Energy.5-24
5.19 IdaTech .5-25
5.20 Impco .5-26
5.20.1 Impco Technologies Business Strategy .5-27
5.20.2 Fuel Cell Initiatives .5-28
5.21 International Fuel Cells / United Technologies .5-28
5.21.1 International Fuel Cells Experience .5-29
5.21.2 United Technologies .5-31
5.21.3 Installed Base.5-32
5.21.4 International Fuel Cells Joins California Fuel Cell Partnership .5-32
5.21.5 International Fuel Cells Target Markets .5-33
5.21.6 International Fuel Cells Residential Market Positioning .5-34
5.21.7 International Fuel Cells Light Commercial Market Positioning .5-34
5.22 Johnson Controls / Optima Batteries .5-35
5.23 Manhattan Scientifics Inc.5-35
5.23.1 Manhattan Scientifics / Electrolux / Lunar.5-36
5.24 Medis Ethanol Fuel Cell .5-37
5.25 Metallic Power.5-37
5.26 Millennium Cell.5-37
5.26.1 Millennium Cell Hydrogen Initiative.5-37
5.26.2 Millennium Cell Longer-Life Batteries .5-38
5.26.3 Millennium Cell Strategic Alliances .5-38
5.26.4 Millennium Cell .5-40
5.27 Mitsui .5-40
5.28 Niagara Mohawk Power Corporation.5-40
5.29 Nuvera .5-41
5.30 Plug Power Fuel Cell .5-41
5.30.1 Customers And Strategic Allies .5-45
5.30.2 Plug Power / GE MicroGen (GEMG) Distribution Network .5-46
5.30.3 GEMG Product, GE HomeGen 7000.5-47
5.31 PowerTek .5-48
5.32 Proton Energy Systems .5-48
5.33 Rayovac .5-49
5.34 Schatz Energy Research Center.5-49
5.35 Teledyne .5-49
5.36 Texaco .5-50
5.37 Toyota Fuel Cell Cars .5-50
5.38 Trojan Battery .5-51
5.39 Ultralife Batteries .5-52
5.39.1 Customers .5-54
5.40 XCellsis .5-54
5.41 Zevco .5-55

List of Tables and Figures

Table ES-1 ES-1
Commercialization Challenges Of The Automotive Fuel Cell Industry
Figure ES-2 ES-3
Global vehicular fuel cell shipments, dollars, 2005-2011
Table ES-3 ES-4
Global passenger vehicle fuel cell market forecast, dollars per killowatt, units and dollars, 2005-2011
Table 1-1 1-1
Global Trends Driving Fuel Cell Development
Table 1-2 1-2
Vehicular Applications For Fuel Cells
Table 1-3 1-3
Parameters Of Fuel Cell Unit Powered Vehicles
Table 1-4 1-4
Traditional Internal Combustion Engine Type Of Work
Table 1-5 1-6
Global Comparison Of Fuel Economy Standards
Table 1-6 1-15
Environmental Benefits Of Using Fuel Cell Technology
Table 1-7 1-16
Fuel Cell Advantages Compared To Internal Combustion Engine
Table 2-1 2-1
Commercialization Challenges Of The Automotive Fuel Cell Industry
Figure 2-2 2-3
Global Vehicular fuel cell shipments, dollars, 2001-2004
Table 2-3 2-4
Global Passenger vehicle fuel cell market forecasts, dollars per kilowatt, units and dollars, 2002-2004
Figure 2-4 2-5
Global Vehicular fuel cell shipments, dollars, 2005-2011
Table 2-5 2-6
Global Passenger vehicle fuel cell market forecasts, dollars per kilowatt, units and dollars, 2005-2011
Figure 2-6 2-7
Global vehicular fuel cell shipments, Units, 2001-2004
Figure 2-7 2-9
Global vehicular fuel Cell market Forecast, system units, 2005-2011
Figure 2-8 2-10
Global Number Of Fuel Cell Vehicle Market Penetration, 2005-2011
Table 2-9 2-11
Global Fuel Cell Penetration Of Passenger And Sport Utility Vehicle Sales Per Year, Shipments, Units, 2005-
2011
Table 2-10 2-12
Fuel Cell Vehicle Forecasts, 2005-2020
Figure 2-11 2-14
Global number of vehicles in installed base, 2005-2011
Table 2-12 2-14
Global number of vehicles in installed base, 2005-2011
Figure 2-13 2-16
Global vehicular Fuel Cell, dollars per kilowatt market Forecasts, 2001-2004
Figure 2-14 2-17
Global vehicular Fuel Cell, dollars per system market forecast, 2001-2004
Figure 2-15 2-18
Global vehicular Fuel Cell, dollars per kilowatt market forecast, 2005-2011
Figure 2-16 2-19
Global vehicular Fuel Cell, market forecast, dollars per system, 2005-2011
Figure 2-17 2-21
Global mass transit vehicle Fuel Cell, market forecast, shipment dollars, 2005-2011
Table 2-18 2-22
Global mass transit vehicle Fuel Cell market forecast, dollars per kilowatt, units and dollars, 2005-2011
Figure 2-19 2-23
Global mass transit vehicle Fuel Cell market forecast, shipment units, 2005-2011
Figure 2-20 2-24
Global number of mass transit Fuel Cell Vehicles market penetration, 2005-2011
Table 2-21 2-25
Global fuel cell penetration of mass transit vehicle sales per year, shipments, units, 2005-2011
Figure 2-22 2-29
Global Natural Gas Fuel Cell New Refueling Station Market Forecast, 2005-2011
Figure 2-23 2-30
Global Natural Gas Fuel Cell Cost Per Refueling Station Forecast, 2005-2011
Figure 2-24 2-31
Global Natural Gas Fuel Cell New Refueling Station Cost, Market Forecast, Dollars, 2005-2011
Figure 2-25 2-33
Global Methanol Fuel Cell New Refueling Station Market Forecast, 2005-2011
Figure 2-26 2-34
Global Methanol Fuel Cell Cost Per Refueling Station Forecast, 2005-2011
Figure 2-27 2-35
Global Methanol Fuel Cell New Refueling Station Cost Market Forecast, Dollars, 2005-2011
Figure 2-28 2-36
Global Fuel Cell New Refueling Station Cost, Market Forecast, Dollars, 2005-2011
Figure 2-29 2-37
Global Fuel Cell New Refueling Stations Per Year, Market Forecast, 2005-2011
Figure 2-30 2-38
Global Fuel Cell New Refueling Station Market, 2005-2011
Table 2-31 2-39
Global refueling station Fuel Cell infrastructure costs by fuel type, dollars, 2005-2011
Figure 2-32 2-40
Global Natural Gas Fuel Cell New Refueling Stations Market Penetration Of Existing Infrastructure Forecast,
2005-2011
Figure 2-33 2-41
Global Methanol Fuel Cell New Refueling Stations Market Penetration Of Existing Infrastructure Forecast,
2005-2011
Table 2-34 2-42
Global Fuel Cell Refueling Station Installed Infrastructure By Fuel Type, Number Stations, 2005-2011
Table 2-35 2-43
Global New Fuel Cell Refueling Stations, 2005-2011
Figure 2-36 2-46
Global Vehicular Fuel Cell Shipments By Region, Dollars, 2005-2011
Figure 2-37 2-47
Global Vehicular Fuel Cell Shipments By Region, Dollars, 2011
Table 2-38 2-48
Global Vehicle Shipment Destinations, Regional Analysis, Percent, 2005-2011
Figure 2-39 2-49
Global Fuel Cell Shipments U.S. Regional Market Analysis Forecast, Dollars, 2005- 2011
Table 2-40 2-50
Global Regional Vehicle Shipments, Dollars, 2005-2011
Table 2-41 2-53
Vehicle Development Initiatives
Table 2-42 2-54
Truck Initiatives
Table 2-43 2-54
Molten Carbonate Fuel Cell Research ·
Table 2-44 2-54
Plates Resistance to Corrosion Research
Table 2-45 2-55
Co2 Recycling Elimination Research
Table 3-1 3-6
Selected Demonstrations Of Fuel Cell Vehicles From The Major Automobile Manufacturers
Table 5-1 5-1
Automakers With Fuel Cell Products
Table 5-2 5-3
Automotive Company Fuel Cell Initiatives
Table 5-3 5-9
Ceramic Fuel Cells Limited SOFC Technology
Table 5-4 5-10
Ceramic Fuel Cells Limited Principal Corporate Activity
Table 5-5 5-19
GreenVolt Power Target Markets
Table 5-6 5-22
Key Elements In H Power Strategy
Table 5-7 5-24
Hydrovolt Application Positioning
Table 5-8 5-33
International Fuel Cell Target Markets
Table 5-9 5-36
Manhattan Scientifics Fuel Cell Technology Projects
Table 5-10 5-42
Plug Power Fuel Cell Product Positioning
Table 5-11 5-42
Plug Power Fuel Cell Target Markets
Table 5-12 5-44
Plug Power Fuel Cell Strategic Alliances With Key Vendors
Table 5-13 5-48
Proton Energy Systems PEM Electrochemical Products
Table 5-14 5-51
Trojan Battery Target Markets
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