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Rare Earth Metal Market Shares, Strategies, and Forecasts, Worldwide, 2011 to 2017 Product Image

Rare Earth Metal Market Shares, Strategies, and Forecasts, Worldwide, 2011 to 2017

  • Published: March 2011
  • Region: Global
  • 246 Pages
  • Wintergreen Research, Inc

FEATURED COMPANIES

  • 90 Chinese Companies
  • Alkane
  • Arafura
  • East Mine, Bayan Obo
  • Lynas
  • Market Participants
  • MORE

The new study on Rare Earth Elements: Market Shares and Forecasts, Worldwide, 2011-2017 has 246 pages and 66 tables and figures.

The rest of the world was asleep as China grew to become a goliath in the rare earth industry. It took the rest of the world 20 years to wake up to the realization that the future of high technology could be in the hands of this one supplier. While there may be ample rare earth elements in the earth’s crust, the challenge is in locating reserves worth mining and putting into place the infrastructure and processes necessary to mine and process them.

China produces 96 percent of the world’s rare earth metals. Industrialized countries have realized that with a monopoly position, comes responsibility. China reduced its second-half rare earth metal export quota for the minerals by 72 percent in July 2010. It is now further restricting exports Repercussions and strategic implications are likely if rare earth elements supply were to be disrupted. .Actions by China have drawn criticism from U.S. lawmakers and officials in Japan and Germany.

After discovering a potential site and conducting a feasibility study, this type of mining READ MORE >

RARE EARTH ELEMENTS EXECUTIVE SUMMARY ES-1
China Becomes A Goliath In The Rare Earth Industry ES-1
Actions by China ES-1
Rare Earth Elements Market Shares ES-2
China Major Plans To Build A National Rare Earth Resources Strategic Reserves Base ES-4
Rare Earth Elements Market Forecasts ES-4
Chinese Rare Earth Elements Companies Reduced ES-9

1. RARE EARTH ELEMENTS MARKET DESCRIPTION AND MARKET DYNAMICS 1-1

1.1 Term Rare Earth Is A Misnomer. They Are Not Rare At All 1-1
1.1.1 Discovery Of Rare Earth Elements 1-2
1.1.2 Mountain Pass Molybdenum Corporation of America 1-2
1.2 Rare Earth Elements 1-3
1.2.1 Definition of Rare Earth Elements 1-4
1.2.2 NdFeB Has Superior Permanent Magnetic Properties 1-4
1.2.3 Rare Earth Elements 1-5
1.3 Rare Earth Minerals Key In Growth Of Renewable Energy Technologies 1-8
1.4 Producing Rare Earth Oxides: No Small Task 1-9
1.4.1 China’s Clampdown On Exports 1-10
1.4.2 Dramatic Shift Is Beginning To Take Place 1-10
1.4.3 U.S. Rare Earth Deposits 1-10
1.4.4 Educational Awareness Of Rare Earth Elements 1-11
1.5 Rare Earth Minerals Industry 1-12
1.5.1 Global Consumption Of Rare Earth Elements 1-14
1.5.2 Chinese Consumption Of Rare Earth Elements 1-14
1.5.3 Demand for Rare Earth Products 1-17

Rare Earth Elements Market Shares and Market Forecasts

2. RARE EARTH ELEMENTS MARKET SHARES AND MARKET FORECASTS 2-1
2.1 China Becomes A Goliath In The Rare Earth Industry 2-1
2.1.1 Actions by China 2-1
2.1.2 Finding and Mining More Rare earth elements 2-2
2.1.3 Mountain Pass Mine in California Competing with China 2-2
2.1.4 Rare Earth Curbs May Prove a Windfall for Molycorp, Lynas as Prices Surge 2-4
2.2 Rare Earth Elements Market Shares 2-5
2.2.1 China Major Plans To Build A National Rare Earth Resources Strategic Reserves Base 2-13
2.2.2 Chinese Rare Earth Elements Companies Reduced 2-14
2.2.3 Molycorp Mountain Pass California 2-14
2.2.4 Alkane Rare Earth Market 2-15
2.2.5 Rare Earth Mineral Mining Market Shares 2-15
2.2.6 Rare Earth Mineral Market Production Shares 2-16
2.2.7 China 2-16
2.2.8 Glencore International AG 2-16
2.2.9 Lynas’ Mt. Weld 2-16
2.2.10 Molycorp’s Mountain Pass 2-17
2.2.11 Rare Earth Curbs Spur Opportunities for Molycorp, Lynas 2-17
2.3 Rare Earth Elements Market Forecasts 2-18
2.3.1 Rare Earth Mineral Molycom Market Forecasts 2-23
2.4 Global Rare Earth Market Profile 2-28
2.4.1 Rare Earth Elements Applications, Including Magnets 2-32
2.5 Rare Earth Mineral Applications 2-34
2.5.1 Military 2-35
2.5.2 Communications 2-38
2.5.3 Hybrid Electric Vehicles 2-38
2.5.4 Clean Drinking Water 2-39
2.5.5 Aircraft 2-39
2.5.6 Incandescent bulbs 2-40
2.5.7 Rare-Earth 2-40
2.5.8 Displays 2-41
2.5.9 Rare earths Radar Systems 2-42
2.5.10 Gamesa Corp. Tecnologica SA Windmills 2-45
2.6 Rare Earth Elements Prices 2-47
2.6.1 Factors That Could Influence Demand For Rare Earth Products and Push Prices Upward: 2-48
2.6.2 Molycorp 2-50
2.6.3 Price of Rare Earth Products 2-52
2.7 Chinese Rare Earth Mineral Quotas 2-54
2.7.1 Costs of Rare Earth Mineral Water Pollution And Discharge Standards 2-56
2.7.2 Chinese Pay Toxic Price for a Green World 2-58
2.7.3 Japan And South Korea Have Built Up Stockpiles Of Rare Earth Minerals 2-58
2.7.4 Japan Gets 20 Percent Of Its Rare Earth From China’s Black Market 2-58
2.7.5 Costs of Rare Earth Mineral Water Pollution And Discharge Standards 2-60
2.8 Rare Earth Elements Regional Analysis 2-61
2.8.1 Chinese Rare Earth Mineral Quotas 2-62
2.8.2 China Export Quota For The Second Half Of 2010, Which Reduced Rare Earth Exports by 72% 2-64
2.8.3 Chinese Pay Toxic Price for a Green World 2-66
2.8.4 Japan And South Korea Have Built Up Stockpiles Of Rare Earth Minerals 2-66
2.8.5 Japan Gets 20 Percent Of Its Rare Earth From China’s Black Market 2-66
2.8.6 German Government Adopted A Strategy To Secure Supply Of Raw Materials Including Rare Earths 2-67
2.8.7 Japan 2-67
2.8.8 Kyrgyzstan 2-67

Rare Earth Elements Product Description

3. RARE EARTH ELEMENTS PRODUCT DESCRIPTION 3-1
3.1 China’s Rare Earth Elements Industry: 3-1
3.1.1 Rare Earth Elements Industry Severe Environmental Damage in China 3-6
3.1.2 China Pollutant Discharge Standards 3-7
3.1.3 Rare Earth Deposits In China 3-9
3.1.4 Two Key State Rare Earth Elements Laboratories In China 3-9
3.1.5 Two Other Laboratories In China Dedicated To Rare Earth Elements 3-11
3.1.6 China Pursues Rare Earth Resources 3-11
3.1.7 Issues Facing China’s Rare Earth Resources 3-12
3.1.8 China Continually Worries About Depleting Rare Earth Reserves 3-13
3.1.9 China Dominates Magnet Industry 3-13
3.1.10 China Major Plans To Build A National Rare Earth Resources Strategic Reserves Base 3-14
3.1.11 Chinese Rare Earth Elements Companies Reduced 3-15
3.1.12 Bayan Obo Geology And Tectonic Setting 3-19
3.1.13 Carbonate Rocks of Bayan Obo 3-21
3.1.14 Mineralogy of the Bayan Obo Orebodies 3-21
3.1.15 Bayan Obo REE 3-23
3.1.16 Bayan Obo Deposits in China 3-28
3.1.17 Mianning Deposits in China 3-29
3.2 US Rare Earth Elements Industry 3-29
3.2.1 One Potential Threat to US REE From China 3-30
3.3 Molycorp Minerals 3-30
3.3.1 Molycorp Purchased Mountain Pass in 1951 3-32
3.3.2 Molycorp Mothballed Mine 3-33
3.3.3 Molycorp Minerals Expects To Produce 3,000 Metric Tons Initially 3-33
3.3.4 Molycorp Deposits Of Rare-Earth Elementss 3-34
3.3.5 Molycorp Hybrid Electric Vehicles 3-37
3.3.6 Molycom Water Purification 3-39
3.3.7 Molycorp Minerals Arsenic Sequestration Industrial Process Waste Streams 3-41
3.3.8 Molycomp Rare Earth Elements Enable A Wide Variety Of Defense Technologies 3-41
3.4 Lynas Corporation, Australian Mining Company 3-43
3.4.1 Lynas Corp, Mount Weld 3-44
3.4.2 Lynas Australian Block 3-44
3.5 Avalon / Thor Lake 3-45
3.6 Great Western / Hoidas Lake 3-45
3.7 Great Western, Rareco Steenkampskraal 3-45
3.8 Mt. Weld Carbonatite 3-45
3.9 India’s Heavy-Mineral Sands Deposits In The States of Kerala, Orrisa, and Tamil Nadu 3-46
3.10 Re-cycling Rare Earth Minerals 3-46
3.11 Arafura Resources Ltd. 3-46
3.12 Alkane Resources Ltd. 3-47
3.13 Glencore International AG 3-47
3.14 German Government Adopted A Strategy To Secure Supply Of Raw Materials Including Rare Earths 3-47

Rare Earth Elements Technology

4. RARE EARTH METAL TECHNOLOGY 4-1
4.1 Rare Earth Ore Technology Description 4-1
4.1.1 Rare Earth Ores 4-1
4.1.2 MolyCorp Rare Earth Minerals 4-2
4.2 Rare Earth Elements Uses 4-9
4.2.1 La Lanthanum 57 4-9
4.2.2 Ce Cerium 58 4-9
4.2.3 Pr Praseodymium 59 4-10
4.2.4 Nd Neodymium 60 4-10
4.2.5 Pm Promethium 61 4-11
4.2.6 Sm Samarium 62 4-11
4.2.7 Eu Europium 63 4-12
4.2.8 Gd Gadolinium 64 4-13
4.2.9 Er Terbium 65 4-13
4.2.10 Dy Dysprosium 66 4-13
4.2.11 Ho Holmium 67 4-14
4.2.12 Er Erbium 68 4-14
4.2.13 Tm Thulium 69 4-14
4.2.14 Yb Ytterbium 70 4-15
4.2.15 Lu Lutetium 71 4-15
4.2.16 Y Yttrium 39 4-15
4.2.17 Sc Scandium 21 4-16
4.2.18 Loparite 4-16
4.2.19 Xenotime 4-17
4.2.20 REE 4-17
4.2.21 REE Supply 4-17
4.3 Rare Earth Elements Sources 4-18
4.3.1 La Lanthanum 57 4-18
4.3.2 Ce Cerium 58 4-19
4.3.3 Pr Praseodymium 59 4-19
4.3.4 Nd Neodymium 60 4-19
4.3.5 Pm Promethium 61 4-19
4.3.6 Sm Samarium 62 4-19
4.3.7 Eu Europium 63 4-20
4.3.8 Gd Gadolinium 64 4-20
4.3.9 Er Terbium 65 4-20
4.3.10 Dy Dysprosium 66 4-20
4.3.11 Ho Holmium 67 4-21
4.3.12 Er Erbium 68 4-21
4.3.13 Tm Thulium 69 4-21
4.3.14 Yb Ytterbium 70 4-21
4.3.15 Lu Lutetium 71 4-22
4.3.16 Y Yttrium 39 4-22
4.3.17 Sc Scandium 21 4-22
4.3.18 Dictionary 4-23
4.4 Disposal Of Rare Earth Metal Tailings 4-28
4.5 Rare Earth Minerals: US Environmental Regulations 4-31
4.5.1 Mine Health and Safety Laws 4-36
4.5.2 Molycorp Mountain Pass Facility 4-37

Rare Earth Elements Company Profiles

5. RARE EARTH ELEMENTS COMPANY PROFILES 5-1
5.1 Alkane 5-1
5.1.1 Alkane Dubbo Project – New Revenue Numbers 5-2
5.1.2 Alkane Cudal – New Gold And Base Elements Discovery 5-3
5.1.3 Alkane Light Rare Earth Concentrate And A Heavy Rare Earth Concentrate 5-3
5.2 Arafura 5-5
5.3 Baotou League, East Mine, Bayan Obo 5-5
5.3.1 Bayan Obo Aeschynite-(Nd) : (Nd,Ce,Ca)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6 5-5
5.4 Darhan Muminggan United Banner Main pit, Bayan Obo (Bayun-Obo) 5-6
5.5 East Mine, Bayan Obo 5-8
5.6 Inner Mongolia Baotou Steel Rare Earth High-Tech Co 5-10
5.7 Lynas Corporation 5-11
5.8 Molycorp 5-13
5.8.1 Molycorp Mine Process and Development Plans 5-14
5.8.2 Molycorp Non-Binding Letter Of Intent With Hitachi 5-16
5.8.3 Molycorp Products and Markets 5-18
5.8.4 Molycorp Modernization and Expansion of Mountain Pass Facility 5-19
5.8.5 Molycorp Acquired the Mountain Pass Facility on September 30, 2008 5-19
5.8.6 Molycorp Revenues 5-20
5.8.7 Molycorp Revenues 5-23
5.8.8 Molycorp Mountain Pass Location 5-26
5.8.9 Rare Earth Reserves and Non-Reserve Deposits 5-28
5.8.10 Molycorp Customers 5-29
5.8.11 Molycorp Ore Processing 5-32
5.8.12 Molycorp Mine-to-Oxides 5-33
5.8.13 Molycorp Processing Technologies 5-34
5.8.14 Molycorp Oxides-To-Elementss/Alloys 5-36
5.8.15 Molycorp Alloy and Magnet Production Joint Ventures 5-37
5.8.16 Molycorp Decision to Double Original Planned Production Capacity 5-38
5.8.17 Molycorp Sumitomo Investment 5-39

List of Tables and Figures

Rare Earth Elements Executive Summary

Figure ES-1 ES2
Rare Earth Elements Market Driving Forces
Figure ES-2 ES-3
Rare Earth Elements Market Shares, Dollars, 2010
Figure ES-3 ES-6
Rare Earth Elements Market Forecasts Dollars,
Worldwide, 2011-2017
Figure ES-4 ES-8
Samples of Rare Earth Compounds Displayed In
The Showroom At Inner Mongolia Baotou Steel
Rare-Earth Hi-Tech Co. in Baotou, Inner Mongolia,
Figure ES-5 ES-10
Close Up showing Bayan Obo, the world’s Largest
Rare Earth Mine, located north of Baotou, Inner Mongolia, China

Rare Earth Elements Market Description and Market Dynamics

Figure 1-1 1-7
Rare Earth Elements Table
Table 1-2 1-13
Rare Earth Elements Existing And Emerging Applications
Table 1-3 1-16
April 2010 U.S. GAO Briefing Conclusions

Rare Earth Elements Market Shares and Market Forecasts

Table 2-1 2-3
Steps to Starting New Rare Earth Elements Mine
Table 2-2 2-4
Rare Earth Elements Mine Time Consuming Step By Step Processes
Figure 2-3 2-5
Rare Earth Elements Market Driving Forces
Figure 2-4 2-6
Rare Earth Elements Market Shares, Dollars, 2010
Table 2-5 2-7
Rare Earth Market Shares, Dollars, Worldwide, 2010
Table 2-6 2-8
Rare Earth Market Shares, Production of Ore, Worldwide, 2010
Table 2-7 2-9
Light Rare Earth Market Shares, Production of Ore,
Worldwide, 2010
Table 2-8 2-10
Heavy Rare Earth Market Shares, Production of Ore,
Worldwide, 2010
Table 2-9 2-11
Rare Earth Element Markets, Segments of Ore Use
Table 2-10 2-12
Rare Earth Elements Regional Market Segments, Dollars, 2010
Table 2-11 2-13
Rare Earth Market Shares, Production of Ore,
Worldwide, 2008, 2009, 2010
Figure 2-12 2-20
Rare Earth Elements Market Forecasts Dollars,
Worldwide, 2011-2017
Figure 2-13 2-21
Rare Earth Elements Market Forecasts Tons of
Ore Shipped, Worldwide, 2011-2017
Table 2-14 2-22
Rare Earth Elements Reserves
Table 2-15 2-29
REEs Critical Materials To Existing Applications
Because Of Unique Properties
Table 2-16 2-30
Rare Earth Elements Market Segment Forecasts
Tons of Ore, Worldwide, 2011-2017
Table 2-17 2-31
Rare Earth Elements Market Segment Forecasts Percent,
Worldwide, 2011-2017
Table 2-18 2-35
Rare Earth Mineral Applications
Table 2-19 2-48
Factors That Could Influence Demand For Rare Earth
Products And Push Prices Upward
Table 2-20 2-50
Rare Earth Project Variables
Table 2-21 2-52
Rare Earth Products Prices
Table 2-22 2-53
Rare Earth Products Prices
Table 2-23 2-61
Rare Earth Elements Regional Market Segments,
Dollars, 2010
Table 2-24 2-62
Rare Earth Market Shares, Production of Ore,
Worldwide, 2008, 2009, 2010

Rare Earth Elements Product Description

Figure 3-1 3-5
Samples of Rare Earth Compounds Displayed In The
Showroom At Inner Mongolia Baotou Steel Rare-Earth Hi-
Tech Co. in Baotou, Inner Mongolia,
Figure 3-2 3-16
Close Up showing Bayan Obo, The World’s
Largest Rare Earth Mine, Located North of Baotou,
Inner Mongolia, China
Figure 3-3 3-18
Bayan Obo Mining Area
Figure 3-4 3-20
Geologic Map of Bayan Obo
Figure 3-5 3-22
Bayan Obo, the World’s Largest Rare Earth Mine, Located
North of Baotou, Inner Mongolia, China
Figure 3-6 3-26
Bayan Obo REE Ore Outcropping
Figure 3-7 3-27
Bayan Obo Outcrop of Bodies Of Massive Magnetite (MT)
And Hematite (HE)
Figure 3-8 3-35
Molycorp Rare-Earth Elementss Used for Wind Mills
Figure 3-9 3-36
Molycorp Deposits Of Rare-Earth Elements
Used to Make Wind Mills
Figure 3-10 3-37
Molycorp Hybrid Electric Vehicles Use of Rare Earth Minerals
Figure 3-11 3-38
Battery Pack for Toyota Prius
Figure 3-12 3-40
Molycorp Minerals Portable Clean Drinking Water Device
Table 3-13 3-42
Molycomp Rare Earths Critical To Many Defense
Related Applications
Figure 3-14 3-43
Rare Earth Mineral Night Vision and Optics Applications

Rare Earth Elements Technology

Figure 4-1 4-1
Rare Earth Ores
Figure 4-2 4-2
MolyCorp Rare Earth Minerals
Figure 4-3 4-3
Bastnasite Rare Earth Mineral Weight % of Total
Figure 4-4 4-4
Monazite Rare Earth Mineral Weight % of Total
Figure 4-5 4-5
Laparite Weight % of Total
Figure 4-6 4-6
Xenotime Rare Earth Metals Weight % of Total
Figure 4-7 4-7
Lateritic Rare Earth Ore Weight % of Total
Figure 4-8 4-8
Lateritic Rare Earth Mineral Weight % of Total
Table 4-9 4-33
Molycorp Sample Environmental Permits

Rare Earth Elements Company Profiles

Figure 5-1 5-5
Rare Earth Elements Mine Samples from
East Mine Bayan Obo China
Figure 5-2 5-7
Dolomite, Bastnasite, Parisite, and Magnetite
Figure 5-3 5-9
Rare Earth Elements Crystals
Figure 5-4 5-9
East Mine, Bayan Obo
Table 5-5 5-13
Molycorp Rare Earth Elements Development Goals
Table 5-6 5-15
Molycorp Initial Production of Rare Earth Elements
Figure 5-7 5-26
Molycorp Mountain Pass Location
Figure 5-8 5-27
Molycorp Open Pit Mine
Figure 5-9 5-38
Molycorp Rare Earth “Mine-To-Magnets”
Production Supply Chain

- Baotau Steel Rare Earth High Tech
- Baotou League, East Mine, Bayan Obo
- Darhan Muminggan United Banner Main pit, Bayan Obo (Bayun-Obo)
- East Mine, Bayan Obo
- Inner Mongolia Baotou Steel Rare Earth High-Tech Co
- Market Participants
- 5. Rare Earth Company Profiles
- 90 Chinese Companies
- Alkane
- Arafura
- Molycorp
- Lynas

Note: Product cover images may vary from those shown

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