- Published: June 2012
- Region: France
New Momentum to Poland's Electricity Reforms Feb 00
- Published: February 2000
- Region: Poland
- Standard & Poors
The main driving force to electricity reforms in the coming years is Poland's looming EU accession, which necessitates further liberalization and privatization of electricity and energy markets, a full introduction of market pricing, unbundling, independent supervision of natural monopoly operations, and extensive environment-related investments. The crucial issue will be the sector's ability to attract private investment, especially from abroad. Several issues must be resolved before any significant foreign direct investment (FDI) can be expected, including competitively priced long-term gas supply contracts, and leveling the playing field among various generation sources. Private investors, whether domestic or foreign, will demand a competitive and risk-related return on investments, and lack of full market pricing or extensive market blocking by existing power purchase agreements...
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- Electricite de France S.A.
- International Bank for Reconstruction and Development
- Sweden (Kingdom of) (Unsolicited Ratings)
- France (Republic of) (Unsolicited Ratings)
- Germany (Federal Republic of) (Unsolicited Ratings)
- Endesa S.A.
- E.ON Sverige AB
- Scandinavian Reinsurance Co. Ltd.
- European Bank for Reconstruction and Development
- Cyprus (Republic of)
- Vattenfall AB
- Suez S.A.
- Czech Republic
- Poland (Republic of)
- Slovenia (Republic of)
- Russian Federation
- Lithuania (Republic of)
- Estonia (Republic of)
- TXU Europe Ltd.
- Elektrim S.A.