Regional imbalances in a country may be natural due to unequal distribution of natural resources and/or man-made in the sense of neglect of some regions and preference for others for investment and infrastructural facilities. In India, apart from uneven distribution of geographical advantages, historical factors have also contributed to regional inequities.
India’s successive Five Year Plans have stressed the need to develop backward regions of the country. In promoting regional balanced development, public sector enterprises were located in backward areas of the country during the early phase of economic planning. In spite of pro-backward areas policies and programmes, considerable economic and social inequalities exist among different States of India, as reflected in differences in per capita State Domestic Product. While income growth performance has diverged, there is welcome evidence of some convergence in education and health indicators across the states.
This book contains 14 research papers authored by experts on the subject. They provide deep insights into the various dimensions of inter-state and intra-state economic and social inequalities in India.
1. Inter-State Disparities in India under Liberalized Regime - Kulwant Singh Phull;
2. Convergence, Dispersal and Devolution: Need for Region-specific Approach - Mona Khare;
3. Inter-Regional Disparities in India - S.K. Dhage, B.D. Khedkar and B.G. Lobo;
4. Growing Regional Disparities in India - Shaukat Haseen;
5. Differentials in Agricultural Productivity in India - Sukhjeet K. Saran and Mini Goyal;
6. Regional Disparities in Agriculture Infrastructure - R.K. Panda;
7. Variations in Agricultural Development of Maharashtra - Bagade Dattatray S.;
8. Industrial Disparities in India: A Case Study of Uttar Pradesh vis-à-vis Maharashtra and Gujarat - Satya Dev Singh and Rajesh Kumar Singh;
9. Regional Disparities in Secondary Education in India - Vinayak Kant Mishra and Prahlad Kumar;
10. Inter-State Disparities in Technical Education in India - Nisha and Prahlad Kumar;
11. Educational Disparities in Orissa - S.N. Tripathy;
12. Infant and Child Mortality in India: Inter-regional Variations - Bipul Malakar and Mantu Bose;
13. Problem of Regional Imbalances: An Analysis of Social Sector - Dastgir Alam;
14. Finance Commission Transfers and Inter-State Imbalances - V.P. Gupta and Sneh Gupta
Dr. Kanak Kanti Bagchi is Professor in the Department of Economics, University of North Bengal, West Bengal. He has a long teaching experience at undergraduate, post-graduate and research levels. His main fields of interest are development economics, labour economics and agricultural economics. He has published numerous research papers in professional journals of repute. He has also authored and edited a couple of books and presented papers in national and international level workshops, seminars and conferences.