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Global Algal Fuels Market

  • ID: 1720970
  • Report
  • May 2013
  • Region: Global
  • 285 Pages
  • Taiyou Research
1 of 4


  • A2BE Carbon Capture
  • Algenol
  • BioAlgene
  • Eldorado Biofuels
  • Imperium Renewables
  • Sapphire Energy
  • MORE
With the advances in technology, it has now become possible to generate fuel from even the trash that you throw out on a daily basis. One such novel innovations of technology in the recent years has been the capability to produce fuel from the common pond scum - or algae.

In the last couple of years, algae has caught the interest of researchers worldwide because of its ability to be used as biofuel. The potential of algae as a source of biofuel is tremendous, particularly because of the exponential growth rate that algae has. It has the capacity to double in quantity almost overnight and it can be harvested on a daily basis. Not to mention the fact that harvesting algae as biofuel takes away the many challenges posed by food crops that are being harvested for biofuels today.

In a scenario where energy demands, particularly for transportation, is increasing on a daily basis, the potential of algae to be turned into fuel is being touted as the next big thing in the energy industry, with supporters already hailing algae as the fuel of the future.

In this industry landscape, Taiyou Research presents an analysis of the Global Algal Fuels Market. With the race on around the world for commercializing algae as a source of fuel, Taiyou Research focuses on the aspects of algal fuel that makes it such an attractive option for investors today.

This research report - Global Algal Fuels Market - covers the following:

- In order to understand how algae can be processed to fuel, it is important to have an understanding of the basics of algae. This is where this report begins - with the analysis of what are algae, classification of algae, types of algae, the lifecycle of algae, algae cultivation, etc.

- The production of biological hydrogen from algae is analyzed, along with an analysis of the history of algaculture, the issues with bioreactor design, basics of algal biohydrogen production, and applications of the hydrogen that is produced. The introduction of copper to increase the consistency cycle is also looked.

- Fuel production from algae - the primary focus of the report - carries out an in-depth analysis of algal fuel production. The section begins with an analysis of the extraction processes for bioproducts, the lipid extraction processes including accelerated solvent extraction, hydrothermal liquefaction, heterotrophic production, etc. Production techniques and strategies are analyzes along with a focus on production infrastructure.

- Analysis of products and co-products includes biodiesel, biodiesel production from algae through direct liquefaction, ethanol, hydrocarbons, and mixed alcohols. The advantages and challenges facing the production of algal fuels are discussed.

- Investment in the industry and what investors need to know in order to invest in algal fuels is discussed in the report, along with an economic analysis of fuel derived from algae.

- The technical processes involved in the conversion of algae to biofuels such as the direct production methods of biofuel, processing of whole algae into fuels with the help of gasification, pyrolysis, direct hydrothermal liquefaction, and the conversion of algal extracts are analyzed.

- A section is focused on the analysis of fuels that are derived from algae. These include biodiesel, biobutanol, biogasoline, methane, straight vegetable oil, traditional transport fuels, and jet fuel.

- The production of biodiesel from microalgae is analyzed, along with an cost analysis of microalgae production and biodiesel processing.

- The role algae plays in carbon capture is looked at, along with the competitive landscape of algae versus other traditional and unconventional fossil fuels are analyzed.

- A country-wise market analysis includes the analysis of algal fuels in India, Europe, United Kingdom, United States, and others.

- A future perspective of algal fuels is included, including an analysis of whether algae is really the fuel of the future.

- Emergence of algal biotechnology, which is fast becoming a lucrative market on its own, is looked at in the report.

- The practical use of algae being put to use as fuels is analyzed in the various case studies including the use of algal fuels by Qantas Airways, and others.

- Major companies involved in the production of algal fuels such as Algae Fuel Systems, Algenol, Bio Fuel Systems, etc., are analyzed.

The report is a complete analysis of the global algal fuels market.
Note: Product cover images may vary from those shown
2 of 4


  • A2BE Carbon Capture
  • Algenol
  • BioAlgene
  • Eldorado Biofuels
  • Imperium Renewables
  • Sapphire Energy
  • MORE
1. Executive Summary

2. Introduction to Algae
2.1 What are Algae?
2.2 Ecology of Algae
2.3 How to Classify Algae?
2.3.1 Primoplantae/Archaeplastida
2.3.2 Excavata and Rhizaria
2.3.3 Chromista and Alveolata
2.4 Types of Algae
2.5 Symbiotic Relations Formed by Algae
2.6 Algal Lifecycle
2.7 Production Methods
2.8 Comparing Terrestrial and Aquatic Biomass
2.9 Cultivating Algae
2.10 Candidates for Algal Fuel Crop
2.11 Algae Isolation and Screening
2.11.1 Ideal Screening Techniques
2.12 Physiology and Biochemistry
2.12.1 Role of Photosynthesis
2.12.2 Use of Carbon Partitioning and Metabolism
2.12.3 Algal Carbohydrates
2.12.4 Lipid Synthesis
2.12.5 Biohydrogen
2.13 Revival of Algae
2.14 Algal Cultivation – Primary Requirements
2.14.1 Importance of Photobioreactors
2.14.2 Closed Loop System
2.14.3 Open Pond System
2.15 Challenges: Behavior, Plant Physiology, & Metabolism

3. Uses of Algae
3.1 Algae as a Source of Energy
3.2 Fertilizers
3.3 Pollution Control
3.4 Source of Nutrition
3.5 Commercial Uses

4. Production of Biological Hydrogen from Algae
4.1 Overview
4.2 Algaculture Background
4.3 Developmental Timeline
4.4 Background on Algal Biohydrogen Production
4.5 Technical Developments
4.6 Bioreactor Design Issues
4.7 Basics of Algal Biohydrogen Production
4.8 Applications of Hydrogen Produced
4.9 R&D & Economics of Biological Hydrogen Production
4.10 Introducing Copper to Increase the Consistency Cycle

5. Fuel Production from Algae
5.1 Overview
5.2 Basics of Algal Fuel Production
5.3 Extraction Processes for Bioproducts
5.4 Lipid Extraction Processes
5.4.1 Cell Rupture
5.4.2 Organic Co-solvent Mixtures
5.4.3 Accelerated Solvent Extraction (ASE)
5.4.4 Selective Extraction
5.4.5 Hydrothermal Liquefaction
5.4.6 Supercritical Fluid Extraction
5.4.7 Heterotrophic Production
5.5 Production Techniques & Strategies
5.5.1 Production Infrastructure
5.6 Products & Co-products
5.6.1 Biodiesel
5.6.2 Biodiesel Production from Algae through Direct Liquefaction
5.6.3 Ethanol
5.6.4 Hydrocarbons
5.6.5 Mixed Alcohols
5.6.6 Co-products
5.7 Advantages & Challenges
5.7.1 Advantages
5.7.2 Challenges
5.8 Increasing the Yield
5.9 Economic Analysis
5.10 Cost of Processing Algal Biomass
5.11 Investor Know-How

6. Analysis of the Technological Process for Conversion of Algae to Biofuels
6.1 Introduction
6.2 Direct Production of Biofuel
6.2.1 Production of Ethanol and Other Alcohols
6.2.2 Production of Alkanes
6.2.3 Production of Hydrogen
6.3 Processing of Whole Algae into Fuels
6.3.1 Pyrolysis
6.3.2 Gasification of Algal Biomass
6.3.3 Direct Hydrothermal Liquefaction
6.3.4 Supercritical Processing
6.3.5 Anaerobic Digestion of Macroalgae
6.4 Conversion of Algal Extracts
6.4.1 Role of Chemical Transesterification
6.4.2 Enzymatic Conversion
6.4.3 Purification of Catalysts through Catalytic Cracking
6.4.4 End Products: Gasoline, Jet Fuel & Diesel
6.5 Conversion of Algal Remnants into Fuel

7. Fuels Derived from Algae
7.1 Biodiesel
7.2 Biobutanol
7.3 Biogasoline
7.4 Methane
7.5 Straight Vegetable Oil
7.6 Traditional Transport Fuels
7.7 Jet Fuel

8. Technologies to Produce Algal Fuels
8.1 Biological Principles
8.2 Algae Production
8.3 Options for Fuel Production
8.4 Biodiesel Production
8.5 Ethanol Production
8.6 Production of Hydrocarbons
8.7 Extraction of Algal Oil
8.8 Types of Biofuel Produced

9. Applications of Algae
9.1 Algae & Humans
9.2 Algae for Transport & Power Generation

10. Producing Biodiesel from Microalgae
10.1 Introduction
10.2 Production of Microalgal Biomass
10.3 Environmental Problems

11. Cost Analysis: Microalgae Production & Biodiesel Processing
11.1 Overview
11.2 Microalgae Production
11.3 Use of Microalgae: Ongoing R&D
11.4 Commercialization of Microalgae Production
11.5 Conclusion

12. Role of Algae in Carbon Capture
12.1 Introduction
12.2 Unregulated Carbon Markets
12.3 Regulated Carbon Markets
12.4 Development of Carbon Networks

13. Algae Competing with Fossil Fuels & Others
13.1 Petroleum
13.2 Unconventional Fossil Fuels
13.3 Other Biofuels

14. Market for Algal Fuels – Bulls or Bears?

15. Country-wise Market Analysis
15.1 India
15.2 Europe
15.3 United Kingdom
15.4 United States
15.5 Others

16. Algae – the Fuel of Future
16.1 Introduction
16.2 Global Biodiesel Market
16.3 Using Algae for Biodiesel: Ongoing R&D
16.4 Carbon Dioxide Sequestration of CO2 through Algae Production Plants
16.5 Issues with Conventional Biodiesel Production
16.6 Conclusion

17. Emergence of Algal Biotechnology
17.1 Introduction
17.2 Importance of Mutagenesis
17.3 Manipulating Genomes through Selectable Markers
17.4 Gene Transformation Systems
17.5 Role of Sexual Crossing
17.6 Homologous Recombination-based Gene Integration
17.7 Role of Transcriptional Regulators
17.8 RNA Interference
17.9 Techniques for Protein Tagging
17.10 Role of Biotechnology in Algal Bioenergy
17.11 Genetic Manipulation of Cyanobacteria
17.12 Production of Microalgae
17.13 Role of Macroalgae

18. Case Studies
18.1 Algal Fuel Gets Approval as Aviation Turbine Fuel
18.2 EADS Announces Algae-powered, Mach 4 ZEHST Rocket Plane
18.3 Algae from Roman Baths Set to Fuel Cars
18.4 Producing Jet Fuel from Algae
18.5 Microalgae and Role of Coal
18.6 Qantas Airways: Algae to Play Major Role in Sustainable Fuel Strategy
18.7 Algae and the Maalaea Power Plant

19. Major Players
19.1 A2BE Carbon Capture
19.2 Accelergy Corporation
19.3 Algae Fuel Systems
19.4 Algae Floating Systems Inc
19.5 AlgaeLink
19.6 Algenol
19.7 Algaeventure Systems
19.8 Algaewheel
19.9 Algal Scientific Corporation
19.10 AlgoDyne Ethanol Energy Corporation
19.11 Aquaflow Binomics
19.12 Aquatic Energy LLC
19.13 Aurora Algae
19.14 BioAlgene
19.15 Bio Architecture Lab
19.16 Bio Fuel Systems
19.17 Bionavitas
19.18 Blue Marble Energy
19.19 Bodega Algae
19.20 Cellana
19.21 Dao Energy, LLC
19.22 Diversified Energy Corporation
19.23 Eldorado Biofuels
19.24 FuelBio
19.25 Genifuel Corporation
19.26 Global Green Solutions
19.27 GreenerBioEnergy Corporation
19.28 Green Star Products
19.29 GS CleanTech
19.30 Imperium Renewables
19.31 Infinifuel
19.32 Iogen Corporation
19.33 Inventure Chemical Technology
19.34 International Energy, Inc
19.35 PetroAlgae
19.36 PetroSun
19.37 Sapphire Energy
19.38 Seambiotic
19.39 Solazyme Inc.
19.40 Solix BioSystems
19.41 Solena Group
19.42 Synthetic Genomics
19.43 Valcent Products Inc
19.44 Virgin Green Fund

20. Appendix

21. Glossary
Note: Product cover images may vary from those shown
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- A2BE Carbon Capture
- Accelergy Corporation
- Algae Fuel Systems
- Algae Floating Systems Inc
- AlgaeLink
- Algenol
- Algaeventure Systems
- Algaewheel
- Algal Scientific Corporation
- AlgoDyne Ethanol Energy Corporation
- Aquaflow Binomics
- Aquatic Energy LLC
- Aurora Algae
- BioAlgene
- Bio Architecture Lab
- Bio Fuel Systems
- Bionavitas
- Blue Marble Energy
- Bodega Algae
- Cellana
- Dao Energy, LLC
- Diversified Energy Corporation
- Eldorado Biofuels
- FuelBio
- Genifuel Corporation
- Global Green Solutions
- GreenerBioEnergy Corporation
- Green Star Products
- GS CleanTech
- Imperium Renewables
- Infinifuel
- Iogen Corporation
- Inventure Chemical Technology
- International Energy, Inc
- PetroAlgae
- PetroSun
- Sapphire Energy
- Seambiotic
- Solazyme Inc.
- Solix BioSystems
- Solena Group
- Synthetic Genomics
- Valcent Products Inc
- Virgin Green Fund
Note: Product cover images may vary from those shown
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Note: Product cover images may vary from those shown