Hall-Effect Sensors. Edition No. 2

  • ID: 1762300
  • March 2006
  • 272 Pages
  • Elsevier Science and Technology
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Without sensors most electronic applications would not exist-sensors perform a vital function, namely providing an interface to the real world. Hall effect sensors, based on a magnetic phenomena, are one of the most commonly used sensing technologies today. In the 1970s it became possible to build Hall effect sensors on integrated circuits with onboard signal processing circuitry, vastly reducing the cost and enabling widespread practical use. One of the first major applications was in computer keyboards, replacing mechanical contacts. Hundreds of millions of these devices are now manufactured each year for use in a great variety of applications, including automobiles, computers, industrial control systems, cell phones, and many others.

The importance of these sensors, however, contrasts with the limited information available. Many recent advances in miniaturization, smart sensor configurations, and networkable sensor technology have led to design changes and a need for reliable information. Most of the technical information on Hall effect sensors is supplied by sensor manufacturers and is slanted toward a particular product line. System design and control engineers need an READ MORE >

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1. Hall Effect Physics
The theory and math behind the Hall effect.
2. Practical Hall Effect Transducers
Key characteristics, integrated Hall transducers, transducer geometry, examples.
3. Transducer Interfacing
Modeling Hall transducers, biasing, amplifiers, temp. compensation, offset adjustment.
4. Integrated Sensors, Linear and Digital Devices
Linear sensors, switches and latches, speed sensors, application-specific devices.
5. Interfacing to Integrated Hall Sensors
Interface issues, line driver circuits, the pull-up resistor, interfacing to standard logic devices, discrete logic, driving loads, LED interface, incandescent lamps, relays, solenoids, and inductive loads, wiring reduction schemes, encoding and serialization, digital to analog encoding, voltage regulation and power management.
6. Proximity Sensing Techniques
Head-on sensing, slide-by sensing, magnet null-point sensing, float-level sensing, linear position sensing, rotary position sensing, Vane switches,
7. Current Sensing
Resistive current sensing, free-space current sensing, toroidal current sensors, digital current sensor, closed-loop current sensors.
8. Speed and Timing Sensors
Competitive technologies, magnetic targets, vane switches, geartooth sensing, single-point sensing, differential fixed threshold, differential variable-threshold, speed and direction sensing.
9. Application-Specific Hall Sensor ICs
Micro-power switches, two-wire switches, networkable sensors, power devices, smart motor control.
10. Development Tools for Hall Effect Sensors
Electronic bench equipment, magnetic instrumentation, mechanical tools, magnetic simulation software.
Appendix A. Brief Introduction to Magnetics
Appendix B. Suppliers List
References and Bibliography

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Ramsden, Edward
Ed Ramsden is an electrical engineer who has been working with Hall effect sensors since 1988. His experience ranges from designing Hall effect integrated circuits to developing novel magnetic processing techniques. He has written over a dozen technical articles on sensor-related topics, and he holds four U.S patents in the area of magnetic sensor technology.

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