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China Renewable Energy Market

  • ID: 1808683
  • Report
  • October 2012
  • Region: China
  • 525 Pages
  • Taiyou Research
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FEATURED COMPANIES

  • Acciona SA
  • Daimler AG
  • Global Solar
  • LDK Solar
  • Odersun AG
  • Solyndra
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China has become the world's largest consumer of energy in the recent years. However, this growing demand for energy has come at a price - rising pollution, growing prices of energy resources, and a rapidly growing economy is weighing in on China.

In this industry scenario, China is pushing forward long-term strategic goals for achievement in the renewable energy industry. Being a net oil importer from 1993, China's dependence on foreign oil has been growing since then. Therefore, China has put in place ambitious goals for deriving a significant percentage of its power from renewable sources.

Taiyou Research presents an analysis of the renewable energy industry in China in its research report China Renewable Energy Market.

Section 1 of the report begins with an analysis of the energy industry in china. This section covers the following:

- Energy challenges facing China, growing energy demand in China, market value, market segmentation, energy consumption and production statistics, energy reserves, and import/export statistics.

- Key segment analysis includes a strategic and statistical overview of the electricity market, coal industry, oil industry, natural gas market, market for liquefied natural gas, market for liquid petroleum gas, and the nuclear power industry. The impact of the Fukushima nuclear accident in Japan and its effect on the rapidly growing Chinese nuclear power industry is discussed in this section.

- Outlook for the Chinese energy industry includes a segment-wise forecast of oil, natural gas, coal, nuclear power, renewable energy, and the role of the government in promoting the role of renewable energy in the coming years.

Section 2 focuses on the renewable energy industry in China. This section provides an overview of the entire renewable energy market.

The section covers the following:

- Why China needs renewable energy.

- Market profile of the Chinese renewable energy market, market statistics, market segmentation, competiion in the industry, China's leadership in the renewable energy market particularly in the sectors of wind, smart meters, smart grid, subways, high speed rail, and municipal wastewater treatment. The section also looks at

- China's 12th five-year plan and the development of renewable energy under this plan is discussed in this section.

- Factors impacting the renewable energy industry in China such as energy security, issues with water and food supply, investment targets and incentives, etc. are analyzed.

- Market drivers such as shortage of liquid fuel, dependency on imports, environmental concerns, importance of GHG emissions, are analyzed.

- China's 40-45% carbon intensity reduction target for 2020 is also analyzed along with the evaluation of the option for carbon tax.

- Outlook for China's renewable energy industry is also analyzed.

Moving on to section 3 of the report, Taiyou Research analyzes the Chinese wind power industry in section 3 of this research report.

This section covers the following:

- Market profile, wind resources, profitability of the wind power market, supply and demand scenario, market potential, technical developments, installed capacity, the Wind Power Concession Program in China, off-grid wind power generation, and much more statistical and strategic data is included in part 1 of this section.

- The market for small wind turbines, issues facing the small wind power market, grid-connected wind power, risks for investors looking to invest in China's wind power market such as tariff risks, risks related to wind resources, equipment risks, and grid connectivity is analyzed. The Maglev windmills in China are also analyzed.

- The emergence of offshore wind power in China and issues facing the wind power market is analyzed.

- Wind turbine manufacturing market in China is analyzed including market statistics, manufacturing of wind turbines, manufacturing of turbine components and accessories including bearings, blades, electrical controls, gearboxes, generators.

- Region-wise analysis of the wind power market includes an analysis of wind power in the following provinces: Guangdong, Hebei, Inner Mongolia, Jiangsu, Jilin, Liaoning, Shandong, Xinjiang Uighur Autonomous Region, and the Dachen Islands. The analysis includes wind resource in the provinces, electricity prices, grid connectivity, and turbine manufacturing industry.

- Market outlook for the Chinese wind power market is included.

- Major players in China's wind power industry are analyzed such as Acciona SA, Gold Wind Science and Technology Co. Ltd., Longyuan Power, Ningxia Power, Shenhua Group, etc.

Section 4 analyzes the Chinese solar photovoltaics industry. The section covers the following:

- Why China needs solar power?

- Market profile of solar photovoltaics in China, market developments, profitability of the solar power sector, solar power installations, dominance of crystalline silicon (c-Si) PV panels, role of the public sector in this industry, and the cost of PV products are analyzed in part 1 of this section.
- Demand and supply scenario, pricing of PV systems, China's leadership in the solar energy market, etc. are analyzed.

- Solar water heating market in China is analyzed through a market profile, technical analysis of integrated water heaters, flat plate water heater, and evacuated tube water heater. The economics of solar water heating, energy displacement through solar water heating, and the issues facing the industry are looked at.

- Major players in the industry such as Ascent Solar, Odersun AG, Nanosolar, JA Solar, Trina Solar, Yingli, and others are analyzed.

Moving on to Section 5, the Biofuels Industry in China is analyzed. This section covers the following:

- Analysis of biofuels in China including the development of the industry, Biofuel Diffusion Policy in China, role of biofuels in China's National Energy Policy, and the role of biofuels in China's international trade.

- Biodiesel market in China is analyzed including the market profile, economics and competitiveness of biodiesel in China, major players and production and end-use technologies.

- Pros and cons of biodiesel in China are looked at including energy benefits, environmental benefits, social and economic benefits, restrictions on raw materials availability, and production potential of biodiesel.

- Analysis of the bioethanol market in China includes market profile, economics and competitiveness of bioethanol in China, major players, and the bioethanol demand scenario in 2020 along with the production potential of bioethanol in 2020.

- Pros and cons of bioethanol in China is analyzed including process energy benefits, availability of manpower, land, and raw materials, commercialization of bioethanol, etc.

- Issues facing the Chinese biofuel industry are analyzed including production capacity issues, technical issues, role of international cooperation, limited trade of biofuels, etc.

- Market for cellulose ethanol in China is analyzed including cellulosic resources, cost analysis of cellulose ethanol, and a case study of the cellulose ethanol market in the Henan Province.

- Major players such as Biolux, China Biodiesel International, China Sun Biochem, etc., are analyzed in the section.

Section 6 analyzes the market for hydropower in China. The section covers the following:

- Market profile, medium and large-sized hydropower, small hydropower market, mini-hydropower in China, the renewable energy policy in China and role of hydropower in the policy, are analyzed in the section.

Section 7 analyzes the smart grid in China. This section covers the following:

- Market profile of the smart grid in China, investment plan for the state grid, challenges facing market entrants, presence of major international players, role of domestic grid companies in promotion and setting up of the smart grid, and market outlook for the smart grid in China is analyzed in part 1 of the section.

- Profitability of China's smart grid is analyzed.

- The plan for setting up of the smart grid by China's State Grid is analyzed including potential investment areas.

- Major challenges facing China's smart grid implementation is analyzed including forecasting of intermittent resources, requirement for advanced solutions, renewable energy connection losses, etc.

- The smart meter market in China and the major players in the industry are analyzed.

Moving on to section 8, we analyze the emergence of 'Green Buildings' in China. This section covers the following:

- Why China needs green buildings?

- Market profile for green buildings, economics of green buildings, promotion plan of the Chinese government for green buildings, and the role of green buildings in the 12th five year plan.

- Market outlook for green buildings in China is also analyzed.

Section 9 in the report analyzes clean transportation market in China. The section covers the following:

- Why China needs clean transportation?

- Market for electric vehicles, callenges facing the market, market for low speed electric vehicles, market electric vehicle battery, high speed rail infrastructure, and the promotion of alternative fuels by the Chinese government are all discussed in the report.

Section 10 focuses on the cleaner conventional energy sector and covers the following:

- Industry definition - what the cleaner conventional energy sector focuses on, that is, energy derived from non-renewable fossil fuels (such as coal, oil and natural gas) in ways that minimize their negative impact on the natural environment.

- Market profile, role of clean coal, government support for the sector, and factors impacting the market.

Section 11 deals with the regulatory policies governing China's renewable energy industry and covers the following:

- Background of China's renewable energy policies.

- Developmental phases of renewable energy.

- Challenges facing growth of renewables in China.

- Renewable energy policies in other countries.

- Analysis of China's Renewable Energy Law amongst others.

In wrapping up this report, we analyze the market entry procedures for US firms in the Chinese renewable energy industry, emergence of eco-cities in China, and the support of the global community in promoting China's renewable energy development.

Taiyou Research’s report on China Renewable Energy Market is a comprehensive and strategic analysis of all the sections of the renewable energy industry in China.
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FEATURED COMPANIES

  • Acciona SA
  • Daimler AG
  • Global Solar
  • LDK Solar
  • Odersun AG
  • Solyndra
  • MORE
Executive Summary

Section 1: Energy Industry in China

1. Energy Industry in China
1.1 Industry Definition
1.2 Energy Challenges Facing China
1.3 History of the Industry
1.4 Growing Energy Demand in China: Historical Perspective
1.5 Market Value
1.6 Market Segmentation
1.7 China’s Energy Consumption
1.8 Primary Energy Production Sources
1.9 Traditional Energy Reserves
1.10 Energy Import/Export

2. Analysis of Key Segments
2.1 Overview
2.2 Electricity Market
2.2.1 Market Profile
2.2.2 Electricity Infrastructure
2.2.3 Market Participants
2.2.4 Market Structure
2.2.5 Conventional Thermal Electricity
2.2.6 Deriving Electricity from Renewable Sources and Hydroelectricity
2.3 Market for Coal
2.3.1 Market Profile
2.3.2 Major Projects
2.3.3 Transporting Coal: Railroads
2.3.4 Transporting Coal: Sea Ports and Shipping Capacity
2.3.5 Market Trends and Opportunities
2.3.6 Equipment and Services
2.3.7 Market Entry
2.4 Market for Oil
2.4.1 Market Profile
2.4.2 Energy Policy Related to Oil Sector
2.4.3 Pricing Reform in the Industry
2.4.4 Oil Infrastructure
2.4.5 Major Projects
2.4.6 Oil Imports
2.4.7 Oil Pipelines
2.4.8 Refining Capacity
2.4.9 Strategic Petroleum Reserves
2.4.10 Market Trends and Opportunities
2.5 Natural Gas Market
2.5.1 Market Profile
2.5.2 Natural Gas Infrastructure
2.5.3 Major Projects
2.5.4 Market Trends and Opportunities
2.5.5 Market Participants
2.6 Market for Liquefied Natural Gas
2.6.1 Market Profile
2.6.2 Market Value and Volume Forecast
2.6.3 Major Projects
2.6.4 Market Trends and Opportunities
2.6.5 LNG Equipment Requirements
2.6.6 Equipment for Infrastructure Requirements
2.6.7 Other Related Equipment
2.6.8 Materials
2.6.9 Market Participants
2.6.10 Market Entry
2.7 Market for Liquid Petroleum Gas (LPG)
2.7.1 Market Profile
2.7.2 Market Participants
2.8 Nuclear Power Market
2.8.1 Market Trends and Opportunities
2.8.2 Research and Development
2.8.3 Market Entry
2.8.4 Nuclear Power Organizations

3. Outlook for China’s Energy Industry
3.1 Overview
3.2 Outlook for Oil
3.3 Outlook for Natural Gas
3.4 Outlook for Coal
3.5 Outlook for Nuclear Power
3.6 Outlook for Renewable Energy
3.7 Role of the Government

Section 2: Renewable Energy in China

1. Why China Needs Renewable Energy?
1.1 Overview
1.2 Energy Security for China
1.3 Increasing Competitive Pressure on Domestic Energy Markets
1.4 Impact of Fossil Fuels
1.5 Economic Impact of Renewables

2. China Renewable Energy Market
2.1 Market Profile
2.2 Market Statistics
2.3 Market Segmentation
2.4 Competition in the Industry
2.5 Growth of Renewable Energy in China
2.6 China Leads the World in Renewables
2.6.1 Wind
2.6.2 Smart Meters
2.6.3 Smart Grid
2.6.4 Subways
2.6.5 High-Speed Rail
2.6.6 Municipal Wastewater Treatment
2.7 China’s Renewable Energy Goal
2.8 Competitive Landscape
2.9 Major Government Players

3. China’s 12th Five-Year Plan & Development of Renewable Energy
3.1 Overview
3.2 Crucial Developments of the 12th Five-Year Plan
3.2.1 Developing Water Infrastructure
3.2.2 Improving Energy Efficiency
3.2.3 Targets on Fuel-Efficiency and Alternative Fuels
3.2.4 Role of Green Targets
3.2.5 Aligning Provincial and National Goals
3.2.6 Economy Goals
3.2.7 Regulatory Framework
3.2.8 Energy and Environmental Taxes
3.2.9 Pricing Reforms

4. Factors Impacting the Renewable Energy Industry in China
4.1 Energy Security
4.2 Issues with Water & Food Supply
4.3 Environmental Barriers
4.4 Investment Targets and Incentives

5. Market Drivers
5.1 Overview
5.2 Liquid Fuel Shortage and Dependency on Imports
5.3 Environmental Concerns
5.4 Important Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Emissions

6. China’s 40-45% Carbon Intensity Reduction Target for 2020
6.1 Overview
6.2 Evaluating the Option for Carbon Tax

7. Market Outlook: China Renewable Energy Industry

Section 3: Analysis of the Chinese Wind Power Industry

1. Wind Power in China
1.1 Market Profile
1.2 Wind Resource in China
1.3 Profitability of the Wind Power Sector
1.4 Supply & Demand Scenario
1.5 Companies in the Wind Energy Market
1.6 Market Potential & Technical Developments
1.7 Installed Capacity of Wind Power
1.8 China’s Concession Program
1.9 Off-grid Wind Power Generation
1.10 China’s Renewable Energy Law and Wind Power
1.11 Tax Incentives
1.12 Government Financing Programs
1.13 Research & Development Programs
1.14 Other Policy Programs
1.15 Market for Small Wind Turbines
1.16 Issues Facing the Small Wind Power Market
1.17 Grid-connected Wind Power
1.18 Investing in China’s Wind Power Market – Risks for Investors
1.18.1 Tariff Risks
1.18.2 Risks related to Wind Resource
1.18.3 Equipment Risks
1.18.4 Grid Connectivity
1.19 China’s Maglev Windmills

2. Emergence of Offshore Wind Power in China

3. Issues with Wind Power
3.1 Price Barriers
3.2 Investment Loans & Taxes
3.3 Distortions in Energy Prices
3.4 Regulatory Issues
3.5 Lack of Government Support
3.6 Small Capacities of the Electric Grid
3.7 Low Wind Power Resource
3.8 Financing Problems
3.9 Clashes between Foreign & Domestic Technologies

4. Wind Turbine Manufacturing Market in China
4.1 Market Profile
4.2 Manufacturing of Wind Turbines
4.3 Manufacturing of Turbine Components & Accessories
4.3.1 Bearings
4.3.2 Blades
4.3.3 Electrical Controls
4.3.4 Gearboxes
4.3.5 Generators

5. Wind Power Industry in China – Region-wise Analysis
5.1 Wind Power Market in Dachen Islands
5.2 Wind Power Market in Guangdong Province
5.2.1 Wind Resource
5.2.2 Electricity Prices
5.2.3 Grid Connectivity
5.2.4 Turbine Manufacturing Industry
5.3 Wind Power Market in Hebei Province
5.3.1 Wind Resource
5.3.2 Electricity Prices
5.3.3 Grid Connectivity
5.3.4 Turbine Manufacturing Industry
5.4 Wind Power Market in Inner Mongolia
5.4.1 Wind Resource
5.4.2 Electricity Prices
5.4.3 Grid Connectivity
5.4.4 Turbine Manufacturing Industry
5.5 Wind Power Market in Jiangsu Province
5.5.1 Wind Resource
5.5.2 Electricity Prices
5.5.3 Grid Connectivity
5.5.4 Turbine Manufacturing Industry
5.6 Wind Power Market in Jilin Province
5.6.1 Wind Resource
5.6.2 Electricity Prices
5.6.3 Grid Connectivity
5.6.4 Turbine Manufacturing Industry
5.7 Wind Power Market in Liaoning Province
5.7.1 Wind Resource
5.7.2 Electricity Prices
5.7.3 Grid Connectivity
5.7.4 Turbine Manufacturing Industry
5.8 Wind Power Market in Shandong Province
5.8.1 Wind Resource
5.8.2 Electricity Prices
5.8.3 Grid Connectivity
5.8.4 Turbine Manufacturing Industry
5.9 Wind Power Market in Xinjiang Uighur Autonomous Region
5.9.1 Wind Resource
5.9.2 Electricity Prices
5.9.3 Grid Connectivity
5.9.4 Turbine Manufacturing Industry

6. Market Outlook: China Wind Power Market

7. Major Players
7.1 Acciona SA
7.2 Gamesa
7.3 GE Wind Power
7.4 Gold Wind Science and Technology Co. Ltd
7.5 Longyuan Power
7.6 Ningxia Power
7.7 Nordex
7.8 Shenhua Group
7.9 Sinovel Wind Co. Ltd.
7.10 Suzlon Energy (Tianjin) Co, Ltd
7.11 Vestas
7.12 Xi’an-Nordex

Section 4: Analysis of the Chinese Solar Photovoltaics Industry

1. Solar PV Market in China
1.1 Market Profile
1.2 Market Developments
1.3 Profitability of the Solar Power Sector
1.4 Solar Power Installations
1.5 Dominance of Crystalline Silicon (c-Si) PV Panels
1.6 Role of the Public Sector
1.7 Cost of PV Products
1.7.1 Small Production Scale
1.7.2 Non-standard System Design and Uneven Quality Control
1.7.3 Battery Problems
1.8 Market for PV Products
1.9 Market for Solar Power in China
1.10 Why China Needs Solar Power?
1.11 Lowering the Prices of Photovoltaic Systems
1.12 Demand and Supply Scenario
1.13 China: A Global Force in the Solar Energy Market

2. Solar Water Heating Market in China
2.1 Overview
2.2 Market Profile
2.3 Technical Analysis
2.3.1 Integrated Water Heaters
2.3.2 Flat Plate Water Heater
2.3.3 Evacuated Tube Water Heater
2.4 Economics of Solar Water Heating
2.5 Energy Displacement through Solar Water Heating
2.6 Issues Facing the Industry
2.6.1 Product Quality
2.6.2 Servicing & Maintenance

3. Major Players
3.1 Ascent Solar Technologies, Inc
3.2 Ersol
3.3 First Solar, Inc
3.4 Global Solar
3.5 HelioVolt Corporation
3.6 JA Solar
3.7 Konarka Technologies, Inc
3.8 LDK Solar
3.9 Nanosolar
3.10 Odersun AG
3.11 Renesola
3.12 Solibro GmbH
3.13 Solyndra
3.14 Suntech Power Holdings
3.15 Trina Solar
3.16 United Solar Ovonic LLC
3.17 Yingli

Section 5: Analysis of the Chinese Biofuels Industry

1. Biofuels in China
1.1 Industry Background
1.2 Biofuel Diffusion Policy
1.3China’s National Energy Policy & the Biofuel Industry
1.4 Biofuels and China’s International Trade

2. Biodiesel Market in China
2.1 Market Profile
2.2 Economics & Competitiveness of Biodiesel in China
2.3 Major Players
2.4 Production & End-use Technologies

3. Pros & Cons of Biodiesel in China
3.1 Energy Benefits
3.2 Environmental Benefits
3.3 Social & Economic Benefits
3.4 Restrictions on Raw Materials Availability
3.5 Issues with Transportation & Collection of Feedstock
3.5.1 Issues with Processing Technology
3.5.2 Biodiesel Marketing & Commercialization
3.6 Biodiesel Demand Scenario: 2020
3.7 Production Potential of Biodiesel: 2020

4. Bioethanol Market in China
4.1 Market Profile
4.2 Economics & Competitiveness of Bioethanol in China
4.3 Bioethanol Production & End-use Technologies
4.4 Major Players in the Industry
4.5 Bioethanol Demand Scenario: 2020
4.6 Production Potential of Bioethanol: 2020

5. Pros & Cons of Bioethanol in China
5.1 Process Energy Benefits
5.2 Environmental & Health Benefits
5.3 Social & Economic Benefits
5.4 Availability of Raw Materials & Planting Technology
5.5 Availability of Manpower & Land
5.6 Issues with Processing Technology
5.7 Infrastructure Problems
5.8 Bioethanol Commercialization
5.9 Cost Related Challenges

6. Issues Facing the Chinese Biofuel Industry
6.1 Boosting the Production Capacity
6.2 Technical Developments & Costs
6.3 Role of International Cooperation
6.4 CNPC & Sinopec Cooperation
6.5 Government Domination over Production & Policy
6.6 Preference of Ethanol to Biodiesel
6.7 Biodiesel Production Not Meeting Demand
6.8 Limited Trade of Biofuels

7. Cellulose Ethanol in China
7.1 Market Profile
7.2 Cellulosic Resources
7.3 Cost Analysis of Cellulose Ethanol
7.4 Cellulose Ethanol in the Henan Province
7.5 Conclusion

8. Major Players
8.1 Biolux
8.2 China Biodiesel International
8.3 China Sun Biochem
8.4 D1 Oils Plc
8.5 Daimler AG
8.6 Henan Tianguan Group
8.7 Jilin Fuel Alcohol Company Ltd
8.8 Gushan Environmental Energy
8.9 China Biodiesel Holding Company
8.10 China Agro-Technology Ltd
8.11 China Agri-Industries Holdings Ltd

Section 6: Analysis of the Hydropower Industry in China

1. Hydropower Energy in China
1.1 Market Profile
1.2 Medium & Large-sized Hydropower
1.3 Small Hydropower
1.4 Mini-hydropower
1.5 China’s Renewable Energy Policy & Hydropower

Section 7: Analysis of the Smart Grid in China

1. Smart Grid in China
1.1 Market Profile
1.2 Investment Plan for the State Grid
1.3 Solutions for China’s Smart Grid
1.4 Challenges for Market Entrants
1.5 Presence of Major International Players
1.6 Role of Domestic Grid Companies
1.7 Market Outlook: China’s Smart Grid

2. Profitability of China’s Smart Grid

3. Smart Grid Plan of China’s State Grid
3.1 Distribution and Consumption
3.2 Investment in State Grid’s Smart Grid
3.3 Potential Investment Areas

4. Major Challenges Facing China’s Smart Grid Implementation
4.1 Problem of Absorbing Intermittent Energy
4.2 Renewable Energy Connection Losses
4.3 Need for Advanced Solutions
4.4 Poor Forecasting of Intermittent Resources

5. Smart Meter Market in China
5.1 Market Profile
5.2 Market Entry for Products

6. Major Players

Section 8: Analysis of ‘Green Buildings’ in China

1. Green Buildings in China
1.1 Why China Needs Green Buildings?
1.2 Market Profile
1.3 Economics of Green Buildings
1.4 Government Promoting Green Buildings
1.5 12th Five-Year Plan and Green Buildings

2. Market Outlook: Green Buildings in China

Section 9: Analysis of the Clean Transportation Market in China

1. Clean Transportation Solutions in China
1.1 Why China Needs Clean Transportation?
1.2 Market for Electric Vehicles
1.2.1 Market Challenges
1.3 Market for Low-Speed Electric Vehicles
1.4 Market for Electric Vehicle Battery
1.5 High Speed Rail Infrastructure
1.5.1 Market Profile
1.5.2 Growth Potential
1.5.3 Challenges Facing the Sector
1.6 Chinese Government Promoting Alternative Fuels
1.6.1 Introduction
1.6.2 Market Profile
1.6.3 Market Outlook for Alternative Fuels

Sector 10: Analysis of the Cleaner Conventional Energy Sector

1. Industry Definition

2. Introduction to the Sector
2.1 Overview
2.2 Market Profile
2.3 Role of Coal in the Energy Industry
2.4 Government Boosting Growth of the Sector
2.5 Factors Impacting the Market
2.5.1 Role of the New National Energy Commission
2.5.2 Consolidation of the Coal Industry
2.5.3 Pricing and Tax Reforms

Section 11: Regulatory Policies Governing China’s Renewable Energy Industry

1. Background: China’s Renewable Energy Policies

2. Developmental Phases of Renewable Energy

3. Challenges Facing Growth of Renewables in China
3.1 Introduction
3.2 Issues with Grid Connected Renewable Electricity Generation
3.2.1 Barriers with China’s National Utilities
3.2.2 Lack of Regulations Regarding Independent Power Industry
3.2.3 Electricity Pricing & Cost Distribution Issues
3.2.4 Lack of Financing
3.2.5 Transportation Issues
3.2.6 Issues with Domestic Manufacturing Processes
3.3 Issues with On-Site, Grid Connected Renewable Energy Generating Technologies
3.4 Issues with Non-Grid Connected Renewable Generating Technologies
3.5 Issues with Non-Generating Renewable Technologies
3.6 Renewable Energy Sources and Cost Issues

4. Renewable Energy Policies in Other Countries
4.1 Introduction
4.2 Renewable Energy Policies in Europe & US
4.2.1 Fixed Purchases with Set Percentages
4.2.2 Renewable Energy Certificates (REC)
4.3 Fixed Purchases with Set Prices
4.4 Open Tenders & Reverse Auctions
4.5 Special Revenue Sources
4.6 Financial Incentives
4.7 Special Tariff

5. China’s Renewable Energy Law
5.1 Introduction
5.2 China’s Law on Electricity
5.3 Law on Energy Conservation
5.4 Grid Connected Wind Power Generation Management Regulation
5.5 Financing Policies
5.6 Small Hydropower Policies
5.7 Direct Financial Incentives
5.7.1 Customs Tariff Relief
5.7.2 Discount Loans
5.7.3 Discount Price
5.7.4 Income Tax Relief
5.7.5 Subsidies
5.7.6 Value Added Tax Relief
5.7.7 Wind & Solar Energy Incentives
5.7.8 R&D Funds
5.8 Local Policies

6. Legislative System

7. Technological Advancement & Environmental Impact

8. Renewables, Environment & GHG Emissions
8.1 Introduction
8.2 National Climate Change Program
8.3 Pollution Control

9. China’s Renewable Energy Law
9.1 Objectives of the Law
9.1.1 Government’s Role
9.1.2 Removing Market Challenges
9.1.3 Need for an Adequate Financing System
9.1.4 Roadmap for the Development of the Renewable Energy Sector
9.1.5 Need for a Self-Sufficient Manufacturing Industry
9.1.6 Promoting Know-How about the Industry
9.2 Renewable Energy Law Regulations
9.2.1 Current Regulations
9.2.2 Future Regulations
9.2.3 Policy Guidelines
9.2.4 Technical Standards
9.2.5 Local Regulations
9.3 Four Key Principles
9.3.1 Combining Government Responsibility and Citizens’ Obligations
9.3.2 Combining Government Promotion and Market Guidance
9.3.3 Combining Actual Demand and Future Development
9.3.4 Combining Domestic Practice with International Experience
9.4 Role of Legislative Initiatives
9.5 Renewable Energy Targets as per the Law
9.6 Compulsory Grid Connection
9.6.1 Connecting to the National Power Grid
9.7 Prices for Renewable Energy
9.7.1 Biomass Energy Feed-in-Tariffs
9.7.2 Solar Power Feed-in-Tariffs
9.8 Role of Cost Sharing
9.9 Investment Incentives
9.10 Other Features
9.10.1 Local Content Requirements
9.10.2 Project Scale
9.10.3 Government Approvals
9.11 Future Implementation of the Law

Section 13: Conclusion

1. Appendix
1.1 Market Entry for US Firms
1.1.1 Opportunities for US Firms
1.1.2 Requirement for High-quality Equipments
1.1.3 Opportunities in Energy Technology Development
1.1.4 Venture Capital and Private Equity Investment
1.1.5 Barriers to Clean Energy Trade and Investment for U.S. Firms
1.1.6 Clean Energy Technology–Related Customs Regulations and Trade Tariffs
1.2 China’s Move to Eco-Cities
1.2.1 Overview
1.2.2 Achieving Sustainability with Eco-Cities
1.2.3 Policy Issues
1.2.4 Issues with Eco-Cities
1.3 Global Community Supporting China’s Renewable Energy Development
1.3.1 Technology Cooperation Agreements Pilot Project (TCAPP)
1.3.2 U.S.-China Protocol for Cooperation in the Fields of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Technology Development and Utilization
1.3.3 World Bank/Global Environmental Facility (GEF) Renewable Energy Program: China-Renewable Energy Development Project
1.3.4 UNDP/GEF Capacity Building for the Rapid Commercialization of Renewable Energy Program
1.3.5 World Bank Renewable Energy Scale-up Program
1.4 Figures & Tables

2. Glossary
Note: Product cover images may vary from those shown
3 of 4
- Acciona SA
- Gamesa
- GE Wind Power
- Gold Wind Science and Technology Co. Ltd
- Longyuan Power
- Ningxia Power
- Nordex
- Shenhua Group
- Sinovel Wind Co. Ltd.
- Suzlon Energy (Tianjin) Co, Ltd
- Vestas
- Xi’an-Nordex
- Ascent Solar Technologies, Inc
- Ersol
- First Solar, Inc
- Global Solar
- HelioVolt Corporation
- JA Solar
- Konarka Technologies, Inc
- LDK Solar
- Nanosolar
- Odersun AG
- Renesola
- Solibro GmbH
- Solyndra
- Suntech Power Holdings
- Trina Solar
- United Solar Ovonic LLC
- Yingli
- Biolux
- China Biodiesel International
- China Sun Biochem
- D1 Oils Plc
- Daimler AG
- Henan Tianguan Group
- Jilin Fuel Alcohol Company Ltd
- Gushan Environmental Energy
- China Biodiesel Holding Company
- China Agro-Technology Ltd
- China Agri-Industries Holdings Ltd
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