- Language: English
- 275 Pages
- Published: July 2013
Transparent Conductors in Photovoltaics: Market Opportunities 2011
- Published: January 2011
- 72 Pages
The opportunities for manufacturers of transparent conductor from sales to the PV sector as highly diverse. Each type of transparent conductor – oxides, polymers and nanomaterials – will have its own roadmap for adoption by PV panel maker. And each type of PV - CIGS, CdTe, c-Si, etc., - will have different requirements for transparent conductors. In this report, NanoMarkets analyzes and quantifies these differences and identifies how transparent conductor firms with novel products can penetrate, grow, and make money in this market. We also examine the strategies that ITO firms will employ as they put up a fight to retain a share for as long as they can and what the implications of those strategies will be for all concerned.
As a highly competitive business that is increasingly sensitive to costs, the photovoltaics industry is examining every aspect of its operations; not just the materials it uses, but also the processes in which they are used. As PV manufacturers lean more heavily toward lower temperatures, flexible substrates, and roll-to-roll processing, the market TCOs which once looked so attractive will begin to slow. We then expect that there will be another shift in transparent conductive materials usage, one that will most probably emphasize nanomaterials.
We also include an eight-year forecast of transparent conductor markets for photovoltaics applications, broken out by type of conductor and type of PV. We believe that this report will be essential reading for suppliers and developers of transparent conductors of all types, as well as for executives in thin-film and organic-based PV firms.
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E.1 How Long Can TCOs Reign in the PV World and What Comes Next?
E.1.1 Opportunities for ITO Firms—Are There Any?
E.1.2 Opportunities for Other TCO Firms in the PV Space
E.2 Opportunities for Nanomaterials and Conductive Polymer Firms in the PV Space
E.2.1 Leading Nanomaterial/Conductive Polymer Firms Targeting the PV Transparent Conductor Space
E.3 How New Developments in the Transparent Conductor Space will Create Opportunities for PV Panel Makers
E.4 Summary of Eight-Year Forecasts of Transparent Conductors for OLEDs
Chapter One: Introduction
1.1 Background to this Report
1.1.1 The Market for Low-Cost Manufacturing
1.1.2 The Market for High Flexibility
1.1.3 Where Does ITO Fit In?
1.2 Objectives and Scope of this Report
1.3 Methodology of this Report
1.4 Plan of this Report
Chapter Two: Transparent Conductors and How They Impact the PV Market
2.1 Where ITO is Still Used and Why
2.2 Other TCOs: Tin Oxide and Zinc Oxide
2.2.1 Why Tin Oxide for PV?
2.2.2 Why Zinc Oxide for PV?
2.2.3 What About Other TCOs?
2.2.4 Why Would PV Ever Leave TCOs?
2.3 Other Types of Transparent Conductors for PV
2.3.1 Transparent Conductive Polymers: Are They Realistic?
2.3.2 Nanosilver and Other Nanometals: Coming Soon?
2.3.3 Carbon Nanotubes and Graphene: Future Success Story or Also-Ran?
2.4 Key Points Made in this Chapter
Chapter Three: Photovoltaics Markets and Opportunities for Transparent Conductors
3.1 Transparent Conductors in Thin-Film and Organic PV
3.1.1 CdTe PV
3.1.2 Thin-Film Silicon PV
3.1.3 CIGS PV
3.1.4 OPV and DSC
3.1.5 What About BIPV?
3.2 Flexible PV and Its Impact on Transparent Conductor Markets
3.2.1 How Flexible is “Flexible”: Will TCOs Work?
3.2.2 What the Industry Wants from a Flexible Transparent Conductor
3.3 Low Temperature and R2R Processing: Will They Fracture the TCOs?
3.3.1 The High Cost of Vacuum Deposition
3.3.2 Can Temperatures Be Reduced and Will It Save Money?
3.4 Key Points Made in this Chapter
Chapter Four: Eight-Year Forecasts for Transparent Conductors in PV
4.1 Forecasting Methodology
4.1.1 Data Sources
4.1.2 Scope of Forecast
4.1.3 Alternative Scenarios
4.2 Forecasts of Transparent Conductor Use by PV Technology
4.2.1 CdTe PV
4.2.2 Thin-Film Silicon PV
4.2.3 CIGS PV
4.2.4 OPV and DSC
4.3 Forecasts of Transparent Conductor Use by Material Type
4.3.2 Other TCOs
4.3.3 Conductive Polymers
4.3.4 Nanosilver-Based Films
4.3.5 Carbon Nanotube Films
4.4 Summary of Forecasts
Acronyms and Abbreviations Used In this Report
About the Author
List of Exhibits
Exhibit E-1: Summary of Transparent Conductor Markets for Use in PV..
Exhibit 4-1: Transparent Conductor Use in CdTe PV Cells.
Exhibit 4-2: Transparent Conductor Use in Thin-Film Silicon PV Cells.
Exhibit 4-3: Transparent Conductor Use in CIGS PV Cells.
Exhibit 4-4: Transparent Conductor Use in OPV and DSC Cells.
Exhibit 4-5: ITO Use in PV Cells.
Exhibit 4-6: Other TCO Use in PV Cells.
Exhibit 4-7: Transparent Conductive Polymer Use in PV Cells.
Exhibit 4-8: Transparent Nanosilver-Based Conductor Use in PV Cells.
Exhibit 4-9: Transparent Carbon Nanotube Film Use in PV Cells.
Exhibit 4-10: Summary of Transparent Conductor Use in PV.