- Published: February 2012
- Region: Global
An Evidence-Based Approach To Infectious Disease
- ID: 1884440
- April 2010
- Region: United States
- 133 Pages
- EB Medicine
With An Evidence-Based Approach to Infectious Disease, You Gain Knowledge From The Latest Research On Key Infectious Disease Topics, Plus Earn Free CME.
Using more than 6 months of research, the Emergency Medicine Practice Editors and Editorial Board have systematically updated 4 Emergency Medicine Practice articles -- adding new, relevant practice recommendations into each article.
An Evidence-Based To Infectious Disease discusses the state of the literature: Is it weak or strong? Based mainly on consensus or tradition?
In particular, it stresses any major randomized controlled trials and nationally published guidelines, and admits when there is very little hard evidence to support the dogma. It also criticizes gaps in logic and leaps of faith contained in prominent guidelines, such as ACLS or ATLS. In addition, it provides you with dozens of useful tools to aid in decision making.
With An Evidence-Based Approach To Infectious Disease, you also receive 16 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditsTM at no extra charge.
This book brings you the latest evidence-based findings for:
- The Young Febrile Child: Evidence-Based Diagnostic And Therapeutic Strategies
- Pharyngitis In The ED: Diagnostic Challenges And Management Dilemmas
- HIV-Related Illnesses: The Challenge Of Emergency Department Management
- Antibiotics In The ED: How To Avoid The Common Mistake Of Treating Not Wisely, But Not too well
In addition, this volume of the Emergency Medicine Practice Clinical Excellence Series offers:
- Important clinical tools that include targeted questions regarding the patient history and suggestions regarding a focused physical examination -- concentrating on the “big-ticket” questions that help practicing physicians in their search for crucial physical findings.
- Clinical pathways that present solid diagnostic and treatment strategies, with each recommendation for action graded according to strength of evidence.
- Pitfalls to avoid that provide risk management advice highlighting problem areas that could compromise patient care.
- Cost- and time-effective strategies that show that saving time and money in the ED doesn't have to mean cutting corners.
- Class of evidence ratings in treatment algorithms that help you weigh the strength of the recommendations so you can decide if they are right for your patient. SHOW LESS READ MORE >
- by Joseph C Chiang, MD
- The Young Febrile Child: Evidence-Based Diagnostic And Therapeutic Strategies by Michael S Kramer, MD
- Pharyngitis In The ED: Diagnostic Challenges And Management Dilemmas by Brent R King, MD, FACEP, FAAP, FAAEM and Ronald A Charles, MD, FACEP
- HIV-Related Illnesses: The Challenge Of Emergency Department Management by Gregory J Moran, MD and Hans R House, MD
- Antibiotics In The ED: How To Avoid The Common Mistake Of Treating Not Wisely, But Not Too Well by Joel Gernsheimer, MD, FACEP; Veronica Hlibczuk, MD, FACEP; Dorota Bartniczuk, MD; and Antonia Hipp, DO
- CME Answer Form1
- Editor's Note: The names, titles, and affiliations of the authors and peer reviewers appear on each article chapter as they appeared at first publication and may not reflect their current status
Excerpt from the Young Febrile Child chapter:
This chapter reviews the evidence concerning the epidemiology and etiology of fever in young children, discusses the diagnostic value of specific information gleaned from the history and physical examination, and presents the advantages and disadvantages of individual diagnostic tests. It also examine the risks and benefits of the empiric use of oral and parenteral antibiotics and the importance of follow-up. Finally, based on this evidence, it includes a management algorithm for this common but complex clinical problem. Questions such as the following will be addressed: How do you prevent occult bacteremia or detect it at an early stage? How much should you spend on this effort? How many well children should be tested by means of blood cultures and receive parenteral antibiotics to deal with this dilemma?
Excerpt from the Pharyngitis chapter:
This chapter presents an evidence-based approach to the evaluation and management of acute pharyngitis in adults and children. Emphasis is placed on accurately identifying and treating life-threatening causes of pharyngitis. In addition, options for managing the common causes of pharyngitis are described, including strategies to alleviate pain and discomfort, shorten the disease course, slow the rate of transmission, prevent complications (such as acute rheumatic fever and peritonsillar abscess), and minimize the adverse effects of inappropriate antibiotic treatment.
Excerpt from the HIV-Related Illnesses chapter:
Clinicians may be intimidated by the daunting array of diseases associated with HIV infection, as well as by the dizzying pace of new developments. But fear not! This chapter is intended to provide indispensable insights about how to manage the common complications of HIV infection seen in the ED.
Excerpt from the Antibiotics In The ED chapter:
Clinicians who treat infectious diseases in the ED need to apply a vast amount of knowledge regarding not only which antibiotics are appropriate in a particular situation, but also the relevant microbiology, diagnostic testing, and pathophysiology of the underlying disease. In everyday practice, it is not feasible to do a “bedside” literature search that would take all these factors into account. Most of us rely on memory or a guidebook, or both, but we cannot always be certain about the validity of the scientific studies on which we base our decisions. In this chapter, we will move onto firmer ground by distilling some of the existing evidence into concise practical guidelines.