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S&P Upgrades NH Hgr Ed/St Joseph Hosp of Nashua Revs Oct 97. Edition No. 1
VDM Publishing House, August 2010, Pages: 400
This is a longitudinal work aiming to ascertain the influence of ethnic identity, daily hassles, social network, coping strategies, English language proficiency, self rating of health and demographic variables on levels of acculturative stress and overall distress experienced by international students. Students from China and Indonesia completed measures on the above constructs at the entry level and four and eight months after entering Australia and University. A similar group of Local Australian students was recruited to participate for comparison purposes. This study supported the stress and coping model, confirming that sojourners experienced moderate to high levels of stress from their initial interaction with the host society. These findings refuted the traditional U-curve assumption of culture shock which argues that sojourners go through honeymoon, depression and readjustment phases of adjustment. Overall, high daily hassles and acculturative stress were the strongest predictors of high levels of distress. Higher avoidance and self-blame coping strategies were strong predictors of high distress across the three waves of assessment.
Dr Hugo Gonzales was born in Ayacucho, Peru and migrated to Australia in 1987. He has worked for several years providing sensitive and compassionate clinical psychology work for children, adolescents and adults. His work with international students has highlighted their struggles and resilience in adjusting to university and host culture.