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Prevalence of the Metabolic Syndrome in US Adolescents. Edition No. 1

  • ID: 1909739
  • August 2008
  • Region: United States
  • 164 Pages
  • VDM Publishing House
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The Third Report of the National Cholesterol
Education Program Expert Panel on Detection,
Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Cholesterol
in Adults states the importance of identifying and
treating patients with the metabolic syndrome to
prevent cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes.
This analysis estimated the prevalence of the
metabolic syndrome among over 3,000 8-14 year olds in
the United States using the National Health and
Nutrition Examination Survey data since limited
information is available about the prevalence of this
syndrome. The prevalence of the metabolic syndrome
among 8-14 year olds was 3.16%, excluding abnormal
fasting glucose. Among 12-14 year olds, it was 8.69%.
With the appropriate sample weights applied, it is
estimated that 841,212 US 8-14 year olds and 999,680
12-14 year olds currently have the metabolic
syndrome. This analysis indicates that a substantial
percentage of US children and adolescents, and
particularly those who are overweight, are at
increased risk for type 2 diabetes and premature
coronary artery disease as adults and will therefore
significantly impact the healthcare system in the
coming decade.

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Sarah Messiah.
Dr. Messiah is a Research Assistant Professor and
perinatal/pediatric epidemiologist in the Department of
Pediatrics, Division of Pediatric Clinical Research at the
University of Miami, Miller School of Medicine. Before joining
the Department of Pediatrics, Dr. Messiah was continuously funded
for 9 years by the National Institute of Health (NIH) as a
Project Director and Science Coordinator for numerous large
research projects.

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