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Gastrointestinal Failure in Intensive Care Patients. Edition No. 1
VDM Publishing House, January 2009, Pages: 100
Present dissertation is focused on evaluation of
function in intensive care patients. The definitions,
impact of gastrointestinal failure are addressed.
Development of GI
symptoms is associated with increased mortality and
ICU stay. The most remarkable raise in risk of death
elective cardiosurgical patients. Similar to clinical
incidence of intra-abdominal hypertension (IAH) is
high in mixed
ICU population. Monitoring the only the presumable
may result in missing part of the actual IAH
patients. The patients
with IAH have higher ICU- and 90-day mortality.
has worse outcome than primary IAH.
The scoring system for GIF based on combined
successfulness of enteral feeding and presence of
hypertension is developed. Proposed GIF score has
value in prediction of ICU mortality in single centre
study. Gastrointestinal failure assessed with GIF
score is highly
important among other organ failures in ICU.
Annika Reintam was born in 1971 in Tartu, Estonia. She graduated
the University of
Tartu and became an intensive care doctor. She is currently
working as a head of
Department of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care in East Tallinn
This dissertation for doctoral degree was supervised by
professors Joel Starkopf and