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Farmland Preservation and Conversion. Edition No. 1
- ID: 1911527
- February 2009
- 96 Pages
- VDM Publishing House
Farmland preservation programs have been used in the
United States for many years. These policies have
evolved from rural/agricultural zoning ordinances to
a fourth generation of policies that encompass
purchase of development rights (PDR) programs. PDR
programs compensate landowners or farmers for
agreeing not to sell farmland for development.
Farmers or landowners may continue to farm; however,
minor restrictions such as wise stewardship of the
land and best management practices may be imposed.
This study examines the impact of PDR programs on
farmland conversion in the Northeastern United
States. County-level data from 1982 to 1997, are
used and an econometric model is developed to
correspond with periods of the Census of
Agriculture; i.e., 1982 to 1987, 1987 to 1992, and
1992 to 1997. Farmland conversion is specified as a
function of PDR programs and other policy variables,
urban infrastructure variables, landowners’
demographics variables, and housing demand
variables. Results of the farmland conversion model
suggest that PDR programs significantly reduced
farmland conversion for the first estimation period.
Blondel Brinkman obtained her Ph.D. in Agricultural Economics
from Purdue University in May of 2006. She is currently employed
as an economist with the Animal and Plant Health Inspection
Service of United States Department of Agriculture in Riverdale,
Maryland. Dr. Brinkman resides in Silver Spring, Maryland with
her beloved Domino.