Until you know "normal" growth measurements, you cannot tell whether the children who would look normal, go to school daily and look "happy" are normal or not... Using the 2007 WHO children s' "standard" reference data and comparing urban and rural children in South Africa, Africa and Europeans, the chronic impact of Apartheid was shown in the high rates of stunting and wasting of the Ubombo(Northern Kwa-Zulu Natal Province South Africa) and Vaalwater(Limpopo Province South Africa). Children from 7 to 18 years were measured for height, weight, sitting height, head circumference, Relaxed Upper-Arm circumference, Biacromial and Biiliac diameters, and from Triceps, Biceps, Supra-iliac and Subscapular skinfolds areas. Body Mass Indeces(BMI) and growth velocities were estimated from the five year data collected. This mixed-longitudinal data was amongst the few growth studies in South Africa in the 1990's and its attempt to develop local growth standards needs to be followed up by i)compilation of local growth data over time and ii) use of growth and development data for National health and education intervention programs at the policy level-a real Service Delivery excercise.
After studying Medical Technology (Histopathological Techniques) I went to study Bsc.(Biochemistry and Genetics) and Bsc.(Hon) in Genetics at the University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa. I completed my PhD in Physical Growth and Development of Rural Black children and estimated the negative impact of Apartheid in Black children.