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ANSI/BIFMA X7.1-2011 Formaldehyde and TVOC Emissions
BIFMA, April 2011, Pages: 12
The material presented in this standard was developed as a result of the efforts of the members of BIFMA International and reviewed by a broad representation of interested parties, government organizations, and commercial testing organizations.
This standard defines the acceptance criteria for VOC emissions from furniture used in offices to be classified as low-emitting product and should be used in conjunction with the ANSI/BIFMA M7.1-2011 Standard Test Method for Determining VOC Emissions from Office Furniture Systems, Components and Seating. The acceptance criteria set forth in this Standard were not independently developed or validated by BIFMA and this is not intended to be a health or safety based standard. The maximum emission factor criteria were derived by BIFMA, using the ANSI consensus process, from the concentration criteria established outside of BIFMA and are consistent with Section 11.5.1 (General Calculation of Emission Factor Limits) in ANSI/BIFMA M7.1-2011.
The original work on this standard was completed in June 2005 by the BIFMA Engineering Committee and particularly by its Subcommittee on Furniture Emissions Standards. The Subcommittee conducted reviews of the proposed standard to ensure that the tests accurately describe the proper means of evaluating Volatile Organic Compound emissions from Panel Systems, Desk Type products, Seating and related products.
The reviews produced the various test procedures that improve the document and provide consistency. BIFMA has conducted a public review of this document by interested parties and stakeholders in accordance with the requirements BIFMA maintains as an ANSI accredited standards developer. After completion of the canvass process, the proposed standard was submitted to the American National Standards Institute for approval as an American National Standard. Approval by ANSI was given on August 2, 2007 for the initial release of this standard. The revision work on the standard was completed in January 2010 by the BIFMA Subcommittee. In 2010, the proposed revisions were subject to public review and ANSI Canvass. After completion of the canvass process, the standard was subsequently submitted to the American National Standards Institute for approval as an American National Standard. Approval by ANSI was given on April 20, 2011.
1.1 Compliance of Workstations, Seating, and Individual Components/Furniture Items
3.1 Representative (Worst-case) Sample Selection
3.2 Manufacturer's Instructions
4. Formaldehyde and TVOC Emissions
4.1 Evaluation Method
4.2 Acceptance Level
5. Laboratory Requirements
6. Retesting and Timing
6.1 Testing Interval
6.2 Evaluation factors that determine the need for more frequent testing intervals
List of Tables
Table A1.1 Limits of Indoor Air Concentrations due to Emissions from Furniture and Seating
Table A1.2 Workstation or Individual Furniture Components Maximum Emission Factors