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The Future of Families to 2030
OECD Publishing, December 2011, Pages: 280
Since the 1960s the family in the OECD area has undergone significant transformation. In many countries, the extended family has all but disappeared, and the traditional two-parent family has become much less widespread as divorce rates, re-marriages, cohabitation, single parenthood and same-sex partnerships have all increased. With rising migration, cultures and values have become more diverse, with some ethnic minorities evolving as parallel family cultures while others intermingle with mainstream cultures through mixed-race marriages. Families have seen more mothers take up work in the labour market, their adolescents spend longer and longer in education and training, and the elderly members of the family live longer and, increasingly, alone.
The repercussions of these changes on housing, pensions, health and long-term care, on labour markets, education and public finances, have been remarkable. Recent demographic projections perfromed by many OECD countries suggest that the next 20 years are likely to see a continuation and even acceleration of changes in household and family structures. In particular, the numbers and shares of single-adult and single-parent households are expected to increase significantly, as is the number of couples without children.
This report explores likely future changes in family and household structures in OECD countries; identifies the main forces shaping the family landscape to 2030; discusses the longer-term challenges; and suggests policy options for managing the challenges.
Chapter 1. The future of families to 2030: an overview of projections, policy challenges and policy options by Barrie Stevens and Pierre-Alain Schieb
-Future changes in family and household composition
-Factors shaping the family landscape to 2030
-Using stylised scenarios to explore alternative futures
-Policy challenges and policy options
Chapter 2. The future for low-income families and social cohesion by Susan Harkness
-The current state of low-income families
-Policy and family poverty
-The future of low-income families
-Issues for policy in 2030
Chapter 3. Work-family life balance: future trends and challenges by Jeanne Fagnani
-Current challenges and slow-moving trends: a brief overview
-How do working parents cope with their family obligations? Dilemmas, tensions and strategies
-Work-family conflict and its impact on mothers’ employment rates and patterns and on fertility
-Key drivers of change in work-family life arrangements from 2010 onwards
-Other key drivers: towards a new “gender contract”?
-Challenges and opportunities facing work-family life balance policy makers to 2030
-Work-family life balance in the “Golden Age?” and “Back to Basics” scenarios
-Work-family life balance in the “Golden Age?” scenario
-Work-family life balance in the “Back to Basics” scenarios
-Annex 3.A1. International good practice in family policy: some examples
-Annex 3.A2. Tables and figures
Chapter 4. The role of the elderly as providers and recipients of care by Klaus Haberkern, Tina Schmid, Franz Neuberger and Michel Grignon
-The role of the elderly as providers and recipients of care in 2030
-Demographic structure and developments
-Support networks: the role of the elderly in family and society
-Elderly persons and their families in a changing world
-Future policy challenges to 2030
-Changes in the balance of funding responsibilities between the state and private individuals
Annex A. Project scenarios
Annex B. Wildcards
Annex C.Steering Group
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