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Country Report Pakistan Product Image

Country Report Pakistan

  • ID: 2101420
  • May 2015
  • Region: Pakistan
  • 25 Pages
  • The Economist Intelligence Unit

Gunmen on motorcycles and armed with automatic weapons attacked a commuter bus carrying members of the Ismaili branch of Shia Islam in Karachi, the country's commercial capital, on May 12th, killing 45 and injuring 13.

Two extremist groups claimed responsibility for the attack, illustrating the competition among militant Islamist factions to take credit for terrorist incidents. This results from rivalry within the Tehrik-i-Taliban Pakistan (TTP, the Pakistani Taliban) movement, an alliance of several militant groups, since late 2013, compounded by the growing influence of Islamic State (IS) in the country. Two TTP factions reunited in March, but other splinter groups continue to jostle for support, publicity and recognition. Despite the national counter-terrorism campaign launched by the government in January and the ongoing military operations in the Federally Administered Tribal Area since June 2014, militants remain able to operate across Pakistan.

Several militant outfits in Pakistan have declared their loyalty to IS, setting off a struggle for control of the direction of militancy in Pakistan. This has led to the escalation of brutality (exemplified by the attack on a school in Peshawar in December 2014) and a rise in sectarian attacks, (for example the suicide bombing of a Shia imambargah (prayer hall) in Shikarpur, Sindh province, in January and the bombing of two Christian churches in Lahore, Punjab province, in March). Competition for prestige among militant factions has also led to opportunistic claims, as evidenced by the TTP's false assertion that it downed a military helicopter in Gilgit-Baltistan on May 8th.

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Country Report Pakistan

Militant groups make competing claims for bus attack
Event
Analysis
Impact on the forecast

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Note: Product cover images may vary from those shown

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