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Strategic Transport Infrastructure Needs to 2030

  • ID: 2105400
  • February 2012
  • 248 Pages
  • OECD Publishing

The OECD’s “Strategic Transport Infrastructure Needs to 2030” project brought together experts from the public and private sector to take stock of the long-term opportunities and challenges facing gateway and corridor infrastructure (ports, airports, rail corridors, oil and gas pipelines, etc.). The intention was to propose a set of policy options to enhance the contribution of these infrastructures to economic and social development at home and abroad in the years to come.

The project followed on from work undertaken for the OECD’s Infrastructure to 2030 report (2006-2007) and focused on gateways, hubs and inland corridors, which were not covered in the earlier report. The project’s main findings, conclusions and key messages are set out below.

Transcontinental Infrastructure Needs to 2030/50 explores the long-term opportunities and challenges facing major gateway and transport hub infrastructures -- ports, airports and major rail corridors – in the coming decades. The report uses projections and scenarios to assess the broader economic outlook and future infrastructure requirements, and examines the options for financing these, not least against the backdrop of the economic recession and financial crisis which have significantly modified the risks and potential rewards associated with major infrastructure projects.

Building on numerous in-depth case studies from Europe, North America and Asia, the report offers insights into the economic prospects for these key facilities and identifies policy options for improved gateway and corridor infrastructure in the future.

Abbreviations

Executive summary

PART I. THE TRAFFIC GROWTH CHALLENGE

Chapter 1. The global and regional outlook for the economy, trade and transport
-Economic outlook
-Trade growth and outlook
-Maritime trade and transport composition
-Trade routes: The big picture
-Aviation
-Rail
-Oil and gas

Chapter 2. Global infrastructure needs to 2030
-Infrastructure networks
-Infrastructure to 2030 report
-The situation pre-2008
-The impact of the crisis
-Revised outlook
-Global infrastructure investment needs to 2030
-Infrastructure needs to 2030 – airports, ports, rail, and oil and gas (T&D) infrastructure
-Concluding remarks
Bibliography

PART II. OPPORTUNITIES AND CHALLENGES FOR STRATEGIC TRANSPORT INFRASTRUCTURE

Chapter 3. Strategic transport infrastructure case studies
-Gateways, hubs and inland transport connections
-Long-term opportunities and challenges: A case study approach
-National settings for the case study work: Quality of transport infrastructure
-Port of Rotterdam
-Turkey – Bosphorus
-The “High North”/Barents area – strategic infrastructure in Finland and Sweden
-France – gateway ports
-Denmark – Greater Copenhagen area
-Austria/Switzerland – inland hubs
-India’s West Coast ports: Mumbai Gateway area

Chapter 4. Strategic transport infrastructure in other key economies
-Quality of transport infrastructure
-Australia
-Canada
-China
-United Kingdom
-United States
-Comparing the five countries
-Conclusion

Chapter 5. Key issues emerging from the case studies
-Strategic policy objectives
-Benefiting from future economic and trade growth
-Increasing competitiveness
-Green Transport Policy
-Better structures and organisation
-Better funding and financing
-Infrastructure development
-Infrastructure management
-New technology aimed at improving efficiency and reducing adverse impacts
-Improving evaluation processes
-Greater policy coherence Bibliography

PART III. MEETING THE CHALLENGE: POSSIBILITIES FOR GATEWAY MANAGEMENT, FUNDING, FINANCE AND PLANNING
Chapter 6. Gateway structures and organisation
-Gateway structures and models
-Gateway airports
-International and transit infrastructure models
-Gateway structure – market value considerations
-Concluding remarks

Chapter 7. Infrastructure funding: Gateways and inland links
-Funding of strategic infrastructure
-Infrastructure funding models – gateway ports (and airports)
-Airport funding
-Airport funding and financing
-Infrastructure funding models – inland transport
-Linked funding – gateways and hinterland connections
-Infrastructure funds
-Infrastructure funding via government-owned corporations
-Funding by different levels of government
-Innovative future funding and mobility pricing
-The longer term funding challenges
-Countries with good funding arrangements
-Countries without good funding arrangements

Chapter 8. Infrastructure financing: Private sector involvement
-Importance of financing arrangements
-Financing models
-Public and private financing
-Private sector involvement in aviation
-Cost of capital
-Pension funds
-Project quality and risk reduction
-Debt financing
-Other equity and debt financing models
-Innovative financing
-Concluding remarks

Chapter 9. Strategic planning and contributions to green growth
-Strategic planning
-Gateway area planning
-Green growth

Chapter 10. Improving evaluation processes
-Current evaluation processes
-Need for improved evaluation processes
-Competitiveness and related impacts
-Economic versus financial evaluations

Chapter 11. Developing national policy frameworks
-National policy frameworks
-Improving frameworks for funding and communications
-Improving strategic infrastructure
-Concluding remarks

Bibliography

Annex A. Steering group members
Annex B. Airport infrastructure needs to 2030: Background to global estimates
Annex C. Port infrastructure needs to 2030: Background to global estimates
Annex D. Rail infrastructure needs to 2030: Background to global estimates
Annex E. Oil and gas transport and distribution infrastructure needs to 2030: Global estimates

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