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Country Report Jamaica Product Image

Country Report Jamaica

  • ID: 2105438
  • November 2014
  • Region: Jamaica
  • 24 Pages
  • The Economist Intelligence Unit

A new report by the UN Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC) highlights declining fertility rates and increasing life expectancy since 1950 as factors that will make ageing a key trend for Latin America in the 21st century, creating both opportunities and challenges for policymakers.

The regional population will increase from 512m in 2000 to a peak of 734m by 2050, before falling to 687m by 2100, and will undergo major changes in structure. The percentage of people under 15 years old will decrease from 40% to 25% in the period spanning 1950-2100, with the percentage of people over 65 years old exceeding 25% from 2020. Meanwhile, the percentage of the population between 15 and 64 years old will increase from 55% to 67% in the 1950-2100 period.

Average life expectancy at birth has already increased from 55.7 years in 1950-55 to a projected 74.7 years in 2010-15, almost cutting the gap with the developed world in half in six decades. By 2070 all countries in the region will have a life expectancy of above 75 years, continuing the convergence process with the developed world. This trend has been made possible by a significant decline in early-age mortality, especially infant mortality-although widespread income (and regional) inequality and poverty result in very different performance in this indicator between rural and urban areas, and across countries (Bolivia and Haiti registered over 40 deaths per 1,000 infants in 2010, while Chile, Costa Rica and Cuba registered less than ten).

Country Report Jamaica

Ageing Latin America
Impact on the forecast

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