This is a graduate textbook describing atomic-level kinetics (mechanisms and rates) of thermal energy storage; transport (conduction, convection, and radiation); and transformation (various energy conversions) by principal energy carriers. These carriers are: phonon (lattice vibration wave also treated as quasi-particle), electron (as classical or quantum entity), fluid particle (classical particle with quantum features), and photon (classical electromagnetic wave also as quasi-particle). The approach combines the fundamentals of the following fields: molecular orbitals-potentials, statistical thermodynamics, computational molecular dynamics, quantum energy states, transport theories, solid-state and fluid-state physics, and quantum optics. These are rationally connected to atomic-level heat transfer and thermal energy conversion. This textbook presents a unified theory, over fine-structure/molecular-dynamics/Boltzmann/macroscopic length and time scales, of heat transfer kinetics in terms of transition rates and relaxation times, and modern applications, including nano- and microscale size effects. Numerous examples, illustrations, and homework problems with answers enhance learning.
1. Introduction and preliminaries;
2. Molecular orbitals-potentials-dynamics, and quantum energy states;
3. Carrier energy transport and transition theories;
4. Phonon energy storage, transport and transition kinetics;
5. Electron energy storage, transport and transition kinetics;
6. Fluid particle energy storage, transport and transformation kinetics;
7. Photon energy storage, transport and transition kinetics.
Massoud Kaviany University of Michigan, Ann Arbor.
Massoud Kaviany has been a Professor of Mechanical Engineering and Applied Physics at the University of Michigan since 1986. His teaching and research have focused on heat transfer physics, with a particular interest in porous media. His current projects include atomic structural metrics in high-performance thermoelectric materials (both electron and phonon transport) and in laser cooling of solids (including ab initio calculations of photon-electron and electron-phonon couplings) and the effect of pore water in polymer electrolyte transport and fuel cell performance. His integration of research into education is currently focused on heat transfer physics, treating in a unified manner the atomic-level kinetics of transport and interaction of phonon, electron, fluid particle, and photon. This combines ab initio (fine structure), molecular dynamics, Boltzmann transport, and macroscopic treatments, but on increasing length and times scales. His previous books include: Principles of Heat Transfer in Porous Media, Second Edition; Principles of Convective Heat Transfer, Second Edition; and Principles of Heat Transfer. His awards include the College of Engineering 2003 Education Excellence Award. He is an editor of the Journal of Nanoscale and Microscale Thermophysical Engineering and a member of the editorial board for the International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer and other international journals. He is a Fellow of the ASME, was Chair of the Committee on Theory and Fundamental Research in Heat Transfer (1995–1998), and is the recipient of the 2002 ASME Heat Transfer Memorial Award (Science).