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Last Mile Backhaul: The Essential Element for Successful Mobile Networking Product Image

Last Mile Backhaul: The Essential Element for Successful Mobile Networking

  • Published: March 2012
  • Region: Global
  • 129 Pages
  • In-Stat/MDR

FEATURED COMPANIES

  • ADTRAN
  • Ceragon Networks
  • E-Band Communications
  • KT Corp
  • Siklu
  • Tower Cloud
  • MORE

The new generation of consumer electronic devices has made mobile connectivity a critically hot topic. The process by which these consumer electronic devices communicate with the content source is called “backhaul.” This report identifies mobile backhaul expenditures and capacities and includes infrastructure equipment. Service opportunities for cable MSOs, satellite vendors, and wholesalers are also explored.

With this report clients can
-Identify the backhaul media used in each region
-Determine CAPEX forecasts by backhaul medium and by region
-Examine global distribution of large backhaul platforms
-Review macrocell base station deployments.

The research includes:
-Five-year forecasts for last mile backhaul capacity by medium (microwave, millimeter microwave, T1/T3, E1/DS3 copper lines, cable, fiber, Ethernet over copper, sub-6GHz radio, satellite, and WiMAX), capacity forecast by air interface (GSM, CDMA, HSPA, WiMAX, and LTE)
-Five-year forecasts for TDM and Ethernet in the last mile
-All forecasts broken out into six regions: North America, CALA, APAC, Western Europe, Eastern Europe, and MEA.

Backhaul by Connectivity
Backhaul by Region—Global Viewpoint
Backhaul for Macrocells
Fiber Backhaul for Macrocells
Copper Line-Based (T1/T3, E1/DS3) Backhaul for Macrocells
"Ethernet over Copper Backhaul for Macrocells "
Cable Backhaul for Macrocells
Microwave Radios for Macrocells
Millimeter Microwave Radio Backhaul for Macrocells
Sub-6GHz Radio Backhaul for Macrocells
Satellite Backhaul for Macrocells
WiMAX Backhaul for Macrocells
Backhaul for Small Cells
Definition of Small Cells
Fiber Backhaul for Small Cells
Copper Line-Based (T1/T3, E1/DS3) Backhaul for Small Cells
"Ethernet over Copper Backhaul for Small Cells "
Cable Backhaul for Small Cells
Microwave Radios for Small Cells
Millimeter Microwave Radio Backhaul for Small Cells
Sub-6GHz Radio Backhaul for Small Cells
Satellite Backhaul for Small Cells
WiMAX Backhaul for Small Cells
Large Backhaul Platforms by Region
General Notes
Glossary

List of Tables

Table 1. (Slide 10) Worldwide New Access Points, Installed Base, Overall Capacity in Gbps, and CAPEX to Mobile Operators for Fiber Backhaul Deployments in Macrocells
Table 2. (Slide 11) Estimated Hard Costs for Fiber-Optic Line Installations
Table 3. (Slide 24) Worldwide New Access Points, Installed Base, Overall Capacity in Gbps, and CAPEX to Mobile Operators for Copper (T1/T3, E1/DS3) Lines Backhaul Deployments in Macrocells
Table 4. (Slide 30) Worldwide New Access Points, Installed Base, Overall Capacity in Gbps, and CAPEX to Mobile Operators for Ethernet over Copper Backhaul Deployments in Macrocells
Table 5. (Slide 36) Worldwide New Access Points, Installed Base, Overall Capacity in Gbps, and CAPEX to Mobile Operators for Cable Backhaul Deployments in Macrocells
Table 6. (Slide 40) Microwave Radios for Macrocells for Comparison
Table 7. (Slide 41) Worldwide New Access Points, Installed Base, Overall Capacity in Gbps, and CAPEX to Mobile Operators for Microwave Radio Backhaul Deployments in Macrocells
Table 8. (Slide 42) Estimating Costs of Installing Microwave Radios at a Macrocell Site (US$)
Table 9. (Slide 46) Ceragon, DragonWave and Exalt Communications Estimated Revenues (US$ Millions)
Table 10. (Slide 47) Global Revenue Opportunity for Microwave Radio Suppliers in Cellular Backhaul, Links/Access Points, ASP (US$), Revenues (US$ Millions)
Table 11. (Slide 54) Worldwide New Access Points, Installed Base, Overall Capacity in Gbps, and CAPEX to Mobile Operators for Millimeter Microwave Radio Backhaul Deployments in Macrocells
Table 12. (Slide 64) Worldwide New Access Points, Installed Base, Overall Capacity in Gbps, and CAPEX to Mobile Operators for Sub-6GHz Radio Backhaul Deployments in Macrocells
Table 13. (Slide 67) Worldwide New Access Points, Installed Base, Overall Capacity in Gbps, and CAPEX to Mobile Operators for Satellite Backhaul Deployments in Macrocells
Table 14. (Slide 70) Worldwide New Access Points, Installed Base, Overall Capacity in Gbps, and CAPEX to Mobile Operators for WiMAX Backhaul Deployments in Macrocells
Table 15. (Slide 76) Worldwide New Access Points, Installed Base, Overall Capacity in Gbps, and CAPEX to Mobile Operators for Fiber Backhaul Deployments in Small Cells
Table 16. (Slide 79) Worldwide New Access Points, Installed Base, Overall Capacity in Gbps, and CAPEX to Mobile Operators for Copper (T1/T3, E1/DS3) Lines Backhaul Deployments in Macrocells
Table 17. (Slide 82) Worldwide New Access Points, Installed Base, Overall Capacity in Gbps, and CAPEX to Mobile Operators for Ethernet over Copper Backhaul Deployments in Small Cells
Table 18. (Slide 85) Worldwide New Access Points, Installed Base, Overall Capacity in Gbps, and CAPEX to Mobile Operators for Cable Backhaul Deployments in Small Cells
Table 19. (Slide 88) Worldwide New Access Points, Installed Base, Overall Capacity in Gbps, and CAPEX to Mobile Operators for Microwave Radio Backhaul Deployments in Small Cells
Table 20. (Slide 92) Worldwide New Access Points, Installed Base, Overall Capacity in Gbps, and CAPEX to Mobile Operators for Millimeter Microwave Radio Backhaul Deployments in Small Cells
Table 21. (Slide 100) Worldwide New Access Points, Installed Base, Overall Capacity in Gbps, and CAPEX to Mobile Operators for Sub-6GHz Radio Backhaul Deployments in Small Cells
Table 22. (Slide 107) Worldwide New Access Points, Installed Base, Overall Capacity in Gbps, and CAPEX to Mobile Operators for Satellite Backhaul Deployments in Small Cells
Table 23. (Slide 111) Worldwide New Access Points, Installed Base, Overall Capacity in Gbps, and CAPEX to Mobile Operators for WiMAX Backhaul Deployments in Small Cells
Table 24. (Slide 122) Total Number of Installed Macrocell Units, Percentage of BTS With Ethernet, 2009-2015
Table 25. (Slide 123) Global Spending on Leased Lines, by Region, 2009-2015 (US$ in Millions)

Macro Base Stations with Fiber Backhaul to Approach 1.8 Million in 2014

The new generation of consumer electronic devices has made mobile connectivity a boiling-hot topic. Phones themselves are something of a gateway, enabling consumers to select the most interesting mobile content. Between mobile applications, data, voice, and video, global wireless bandwidth usage has increased ten-fold since 2008, and there are no signs of it slowing. The process by which these consumer electronic devices communicate with the content source is called “backhaul.” New NPD In-Stat research forecasts that the number of fiber-enabled backhaul macro base stations will approach 1.8 million in 2014.

“For mobile operators the challenge is to match the best backhaul solutions with the needs of their networks. In tailoring the proper backhaul solution, operators have to balance considerations like cost and time of deployment,” says Chris Kissel, Senior Analyst. “At the same time, operators must leverage their existing investments, while being able to scale their networks. If the target bandwidth for a current backhaul solution is 100Mbps, five years from now the same operator may need 1Gbps at that site. Therefore, operators seek cost-effective backhaul solutions that can be scaled in the future at a reasonable cost. There is a mosaic of solutions that help mobile operators to meet these goals.”

Recent In-Stat research found the following:
- China Mobile estimates that 96% of its base stations have fiber-optic access.
- Cable operators can generate revenue by using all of their bandwidth in their hybrid fiber-coaxial (HFC) cable. Revenue would be derived from cable TV/data and mobile backhaul.
- In the US, a point-to-point microwave license costs US$1,800 and expires in ten years. Licensees are entitled to 50MHz in the frequency band for which they apply.
- As it is with macrocells, fiber is the preferred backhaul medium for small cells.
Recent In-Stat research, Last Mile Backhaul: The Essential Element for Successful Mobile Networking, identifies mobile backhaul expenditures and capacities. Backhaul opportunities include infrastructure equipment, as well as service opportunities for cable MSOs, satellite vendors, and wholesalers.
The research includes the following:
- Five-year forecasts for last mile backhaul capacity by medium (microwave, millimeter microwave, T1/E1/DS3/E3 copper Lines, cable, fiber, copper over Ethernet). Capacity forecast by air interface—GSM, CDMA, HSPA, WiMAX, and LTE
- Five-year forecasts for TDM and Ethernet in the last mile
- All forecasts broken out into six regions—North America, CALA, APAC, Western Europe, Eastern Europe, and MEA

This research is part of In-Stat’s LTE & Cellular Infrastructure service, which provides analysis and forecasts of the market for wireless broadband and communication infrastructure equipment and components, including backhaul— macro, micro, pico, and femtocell basestations—and associated semiconductors.

- ADTRAN
- Alcatel-Lucent
- American Movil
- AT&T
- Telekom Austria Group
- Avea
- Bharti Airtel
- BridgeWave
- British Telecom
- Cambridge Broadband Networks
- Ceragon Networks
- China Mobile
- Ciena
- Cisco
- Clearwire
- Cox Communications
- Deutsche Telekom
- DragonWave
- E-Band Communications
- Entel
- Ericsson
- Exalt Communications
- FairPoint
- GigaBeam
- Huawei
- Indosat
- KT Corp
- LG Uplus
- LightPointe
- Metroweb
- MTS (Russia)
- NEC
- NTT DoCoMo
- Samsung
- Siklu
- SK Telecom
- Sprint
- Taqua
- Telefonica
- Tellabs
- Togo Cellulaire
- Tower Cloud
- VectaStar
- Verizon
- Virgin Media
- Vodafone
- Yota
- Zain
- Zayo Group

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