The Principles of Naval Architecture Series: Strength of Ships and Ocean Structures
- ID: 2166987
- December 2008
- 228 Pages
- Society of Naval Architects and Marine Engineers
During the twenty years that have elapsed since publication of the previous edition of this book, there have been remarkable advances in the art, science and practice of the design and construction of ships and other floating structures. In that edition, the increasing use of high speed computers was recognized and computational methods were incorporated or acknowledged in the individual chapters rather than being presented in a separate chapter. Today, the electronic computer is one of the most important tools in any engineering environment and the laptop computer has taken the place of the ubiquitous slide rule of an earlier generation of engineers. Advanced concepts and methods that were only being developed or introduced then are a part of common engineering practice today. These include finite element analysis, computational fluid dynamics, random process methods, numerical modeling of the hull form and components, with some or all of these merged into integrated design and manufacturing systems. Collectively, these give the naval architect unprecedented power and flexibility to explore innovation in concept and design of marine systems. In order to fully utilize these tools, the
modern naval architect must possess a sound knowledge of mathematics and the other fundamental sciences that form a basic part of a modern engineering education.
In 1997, planning for the new edition of Principles of Naval Architecture was initiated by the SNAME publications manager who convened a meeting of a number of interested individuals including the editors of PNA and the new edition of Ship Design and Construction. At this meeting it was agreed that PNA would present the basis for the modern practice of naval architecture and the focus would be principles in preference to applications. The book should contain appropriate reference material but it was not a handbook with extensive numerical tables and graphs. Neither was it to be an elementary or advanced textbook although it was expected to be used as regular reading material in advanced undergraduate and elementary graduate courses. It would contain the background and principles necessary to understand and to use intelligently the modern analytical, numerical, experimental and computational tools available to the naval architect and also the fundamentals needed for the development of new tools. In essence, it would contain the material necessary to develop the understanding, insight, intuition, experience and judgment needed for the successful practice of the profession. Following this initial meeting, a PNA Control Committee, consisting of individuals having the expertise deemed necessary to oversee and guide the writing of the new edition of PNA, was appointed. This committee, after participating in the selection of authors for the various chapters, has continued to contribute by critically reviewing the various component parts as they are written. In an effort of this magnitude, involving contributions from numerous widely separated authors, progress has not been uniform and it became obvious before the halfway mark that some chapters would be completed before others. In order to make the material available to the profession in a timely manner it was decided to publish each major subdivision as a separate volume in the “Principles of Naval Architecture Series” rather than treating each as a separate chapter of a single book.
Although the United States committed in 1975 to adopt SI units as the primary system of measurement the transition is not yet complete. In shipbuilding as well as other fields, we still find usage of three systems of units: English or foot-pound-seconds, SI or meter-newton-seconds, and the meter-kilogram(force)-second system common in engineering work on the European continent and most of the non-English speaking world prior to the adoption of the SI system. In the present work, we have tried to adhere to SI units as the primary system but other units may be found particularly in illustrations taken from other, older publications. The symbols and notation follow, in general, the standards developed by the International Towing Tank Conference.
This new revised volume on Strength of Ships and Ocean Structures addresses several topics of ship strength in greater depth than in the previous edition of PNA, bringing much of the material up to date and introducing some new subjects. There is extensive coverage of the latest developments in dynamic sea load predictions, including nonlinear load effects, slamming and impact plus new sections on the mechanics of collisions and grounding. The incorporation of the various loadings in structural design and analysis is covered including long term extreme and cumulative fatigue effects. There is a more extensive treatment of strength analysis using finite element methods than was included in the previous edition. Ultimate strength evaluation of the hull girder and components is covered and there is a section on structural safety assessment applying reliability concepts including fatigue effects. Particular attention is given to problems encountered in ships of special type and size that have been developed in recent years, many of which, by reason of size, configuration or lack of a history of design experience, requirea design approach based on first principles. Modern developments in classification society strength standards and modern rule developments are covered including Common Structural Rules for tankers and bulk carriers. The concluding sections discuss materials other than steel, including composites and aluminum, and vessels of unusual geometry and performance such as multihulls, hydrofoils, and SWATH craft. SHOW LESS READ MORE >
A Word from the President
2. Ship Structural Loads
3. Analysis of Hull Girder Stress and Deflection
4. Load Carrying Capability and Structural Performance Criteria
5. Reliability and Structural Safety Assessment
6. Miscellaneous Topics