The latest scientific findings offer insight into how nanomaterials can affect health and the environment
As more and more nanomaterials are developed and more and more applications for nanomaterials are discovered, questions about how these materials affect the environment and human health are becoming increasingly urgent. With articles contributed by leading researchers, this book examines the results of recent scientific studies that have begun to provide answers to these very important questions. These answers, in turn, will help shape sound environmental policies that will permit the continued growth of nanoscience and nanotechnology.
This book is divided into three sections:
Section I, Environmental and Health Impacts of Nanomaterials: Overview and Challenges, sets forth key foundational information, including an overview of commercially produced nanomaterials and their potential to get into the environment
Section II, Fate and Transport of Nanomaterials in the Environment, examines what happens when nanomaterials get into the environment, emphasizing their impact on water and soil
Section III, Toxicity and Health Hazards of Nanomaterials, explores how nanomaterials affect the environment and its biota, presenting the results of investigations on living systems, including biological components, cells, simple organisms, animals, and humans
Reflecting the need for interdisciplinary research in this area, the book′s contributing authors represent a broad range of disciplines, including chemistry, microbiology, engineering, medicine, and occupational and environmental health. With the number of nanotechnology–based products expected to grow substantially in the near future and beyond, researchers and regulators should turn to this book for help in addressing the many questions concerning the impact of nanoscience and nanotechnology on health and the environment.
PART I ENVIRONMENTAL AND HEALTH IMPACTS OF NANOMATERIALS: OVERVIEW AND CHALLENGES.
Chapter 1: Nanomaterials and the Environment (Mai A. Ngo, Suzette Smiley–Jewell, Peter Aldous, and Kent E. Pinkerton).
Chapter 2: Assessing the Life Cycle Environmental Implications of Nanomanufacturing: Opportunities and Challenges (Vikas Khanna, Yi Zhang, Geoffrey Grubb, and Bhavik R. Bakshi).
Chapter 3: An Integrated Approach Toward Understanding the Environmental Fate, Transport, Toxicity, and Health Hazards of Nanomaterials (John M. Pettibone, Sherrie Elzey, and Vicki H. Grassian).
PART II FATE AND TRANSPORT OF NANOMATERIALS IN THE ENVIRONMENT.
Chapter 4: Properties of Commercial Nanoparticles that Affect Their Removal During Water Treatment (Paul Westerhoff, Yang Zhang, John Crittenden, and Yongsheng Chen).
Chapter 5: Transport and Retention of Nanomaterials in Porous Media (Kurt D. Pennell, Jed Costanza, and Yonggang Wang).
Chapter 6: Transport of Nanomaterials in Unsaturated Porous Media (Lixia Chen and Tohren C.G. Kibbey).
Chapter 7: Surface Oxides on Carbon Nanotubes (CNTs): Effects on CNT Stability and Sorption Properties in Aquatic Environments (Howard Fairbrother, Billy Smith, Josh Wnuk, Kevin Wepasnick,William P. Ball, Hyunhee Cho, and Fazlullah K. Bangash).
Chapter 8: Chemical and Photochemical Reactivity of Fullerenes in the Aqueous Phase (John D. Fortner, Jaesang Lee, Jae–Hong Kim, and Joseph B. Hughes).
Chapter 9: Bacterial Interactions with CdSe Quantum Dots and Environmental Implications (Jay L. Nadeau, John H. Priester, Galen D. Stucky, and Patricia A. Holden).
PART III TOXICITY AND HEALTH HAZARDS OF NANOMATERIALS.
Chapter 10: Potential Toxicity of Fullerenes and Molecular Modeling of Their Transport across Lipid Membranes (Dmitry I. Kopelevich, Jean–Claude Bonzongo, Ryan A. Tasseff, Jie Gao, Young–Min Ban, and Gabriel Bitton).
Chapter 11: In Vitro Models for Nanoparticle Toxicology (John M. Veranth).
Chapter 12: Biological Activity of Mineral Fibers and Carbon Particulates: Implications for Nanoparticle Toxicity and the Role of Surface Chemistry (Prabir K. Dutta, John F. Long, Marshall V. Williams, and W. James Waldman).
Chapter 13: Growth and Some Enzymatic Responses of E. Coli to Photocatalytic TiO2 319 (Ayca Erdem, Dan Cha, and Chin Pao Huang).
Chapter 14: Bioavailability, Trophic Transfer, and Toxicity of Manufactured Metal and Metal Oxide Nanoparticles in Terrestrial Environments (Jason Unrine, Paul Bertsch, and Simona Hunyadi).
Chapter 15: Health Effects of Inhaled Engineered Nanoscale Materials (Amy K. Madl and Kent E. Pinkerton).
Chapter 16: Neurotoxicity of Manufactured Nanoparticles (Jaime M. Hatcher, Dean P. Jones, Gary W. Miller, and Kurt D. Pennell).
Chapter 17: Occupational Health Hazards of Nanoparticles (Patrick T. O Shaughnessy).
"Vicki H. Grassian′s book is a one stop source that introduces the reader to a broader representation of nanoscience and nanotechnology and its impact on the environment." (JOM Book Review Program, March 2010)"Dr. Grassian′s book is a useful compilation of in–depth articles .A well–balanced book suitable as a useful addition to the personal library of any environmental engineer and manager involved in nanomaterials research." (Journal of Environmental Quality, September 2009)