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Homeplug AV and IEEE 1901. A Handbook for PLC Designers and Users - Product Image

Homeplug AV and IEEE 1901. A Handbook for PLC Designers and Users

  • Published: April 2013
  • 384 Pages
  • John Wiley and Sons Ltd

The only authorized book explaining the HomePlug networking standards

HomePlug is a growing technology for creating high-speed Power Line Communication (PLC) networks by transmitting data over in-home or in-office power lines. Users only need to plug adapters into wall outlets to create an instant network of computers, printers, routers, home entertainment devices, and appliance control systems.

HomePlug AV and IEEE 1901: A Handbook for PLC Designers and Users provides for the first time an opportunity for non-members of the HomePlug Alliance to gain in-depth insight into the design and operation of the HomePlug standards. Offering a clear and simple description of the standards, this groundbreaking resource presents HomePlug AV and the associated IEEE 1901 standards in terms more readily understood by a much wider audience, including nontechnical managers, engineers, students, and HomePlug designers.

The book details the many benefits of HomePlug AV, including:

- An affordable, secure alternative or complement to WiFi—especially in buildings where WiFi reception is poor or running new network wires is impractical
- Higher potential data transmission READ MORE >

List of Figures xix

List of Tables xxiii

Preface xxvii

Acknowledgments xxix

Biographical Sketches of the Authors xxxi

1 Introduction 1

1.1 HomePlug AVand Its Relationship to IEEE 1901 2

1.2 Focus of the Book 3

1.3 The HomePlug Powerline Alliance 4

1.4 The Role of PLC in Multimedia Home Networking and Smart Energy Applications 8

1.5 Book Outline 9

2 The HomePlug AV Network Architecture 12

2.1 Introduction 12

2.2 Protocol Layers 12

2.3 Network Architecture 14

2.4 Summary 17

3 Design Approach for Powerline Channels 18

3.1 Introduction 18

3.2 Channel Characteristics 19

3.3 Frequency Band 21

3.4 Windowed OFDM 23

3.5 Turbo Convolutional Code 24

3.6 Channel Adaptation 25

3.7 Beacon Period Synchronized to AC Line Cycle 27

3.8 TDMAwith Persistent and Nonpersistent Schedules 29

3.9 Data Plane: Two-Level Framing, Segmentation, and Reassembly 30

3.10 PHY Clock Synchronization 30

3.11 Summary 31

4 Physical Layer 32

4.1 Introduction 32

4.2 PPDU 34

4.3 Preamble 37

4.4 Frame Control 38

4.5 Payload 39

4.6 Priority Resolution Symbol 56

4.7 Transmit Power, Tone Mask, and Amplitude Map 56

4.8 Summary 60

5 MAC Protocol Data Unit (MPDU) Format 61

5.1 Introduction 61

5.2 Beacon 64

5.3 Start-of-Frame (SOF) 77

5.4 Selective Acknowledgment (SACK) 85

5.5 Request to Send (RTS)/Clear to Send (CTS) 88

5.6 Sound 91

5.7 Reverse Start-of-Frame (RSOF) 95

5.8 Summary 98

6 MAC Data Plane 99

6.1 Introduction 99

6.2 MAC Frame Generation 101

6.3 MAC Frame Streams 102

6.4 Segmentation 104

6.5 Long MPDU Generation 104

6.6 Reassembly 106

6.7 Buffer Management and Flow Control 106

6.8 Communication Between Associated but Unauthenticated STAs 112

6.9 Communication Between STAs not Associated with the Same AVLN 112

6.10 Data Encryption 114

6.11 MPDU Bursting 114

6.12 Bidirectional Bursting 115

6.13 Automatic Repeat Request (ARQ) 118

6.14 Summary 120

7 Central Coordinator 121

7.1 Introduction 121

7.2 CCo Selection 122

7.3 Backup CCo and CCo Failure Recovery 125

7.4 Transfer/Handover of CCo Functions 125

7.5 CCo Network Management Functions 127

7.6 Summary 132

8 Channel Access 133

8.1 Introduction 133

8.2 Beacon Period and AC Line Cycle Synchronization 135

8.3 Beacon Period Structure 135

8.4 CSMA Channel Access 143

8.5 TDMA Channel Access 148

8.6 Summary 149

9 Connections and Links 150

9.1 Introduction 150

9.2 Packet Classification 151

9.3 Connection Specification (CSPEC) 152

9.4 Connections and Links 154

9.5 Connection Services 157

9.6 Bandwidth Management by CCo 168

9.7 Summary 171

10 Security and Network Formation 172

10.1 Introduction 172

10.2 Power-on Network Discovery Procedure 172

10.3 Forming or Joining an AVLN 178

10.4 Security Overview 193

10.5 Summary 210

11 Additional MAC Features 211

11.1 Introduction 211

11.2 Channel Estimation 211

11.3 Bridging 219

11.4 HomePlug 1.0.1 Coexistence 223

11.5 Proxy Networking 225

11.6 Summary 232

12 Neighbor Networks 233

12.1 Introduction 233

12.2 Transition Between Neighbor Network Operating Modes 234

12.3 Coordinated Mode 236

12.4 Passive Coordination in CSMA-Only Mode 248

12.5 Neighbor Network Bandwidth Sharing Policy 248

12.6 Summary 249

13 Management Messages 250

13.1 Introduction 250

13.2 Management Message Format 250

13.3 Station–Central Coordination (CCo) 254

13.4 Proxy Coordinator (PCO) Messages 260

13.5 Central Coordinator–Central Coordinator 260

13.6 Station–Station 262

13.7 Manufacturer-Specific Messages 266

13.8 Vendor-Specific Messages 267

13.9 Summary 267

14 IEEE 1901 268

14.1 Introduction 268

14.2 FFT 269

14.3 Wavelet 274

14.4 Coexistence 294

14.5 Summary 301

15 HomePlug Green PHY 302

15.1 Introduction 302

15.2 Physical Layer 302

15.3 MAC Layer 303

15.4 Summary 311

16 HomePlug AV2 312

16.1 Introduction 312

16.2 MIMO 312

16.3 Extended Frequency Band 315

16.4 Efficient Notching 316

16.5 Short Delimiter and Delayed Acknowledgment 316

16.6 Immediate Repeating 321

16.7 Power Save 322

16.8 Summary 323

Appendix A Acronyms 325

Appendix B HomePlug AV Parameter Specification 332

References 334

Index 337

Dr. HANIPH A. LATCHMAN is Professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering at the University of Florida. A Rhodes Scholar and Senior Member of the IEEE, Dr. Latchman is the recipient of numerous teaching awards and has published over 180 technical articles and four books in the areas of control and communication systems and networks.

Dr. SRINIVAS KATAR is Principal Engineer at Qualcomm Atheros, Inc. and has extensively contributed to the development of HomePlug AV, IEEE 1901, HomePlug Green PHY, and the HomePlug AV2 standards. He is an inventor of more than fifty issued and pending patents.

Lawrence W. Yonge III is Senior Director of Technology for Qualcomm Atheros, Inc., chairs the HomePlug Technical Working Group, and is an inventor of approximately 100 U.S. patents issued and pending.

SHERMAN GAVETTE was a Principal Scientist for Sharp Laboratories of America prior to retiring. While at Sharp Labs, he was a member of the HomePlug Powerline Alliance board of directors and was vice-chair of the HomePlug AV Specification working group.

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