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OECD Territorial Reviews: Skåne, Sweden 2012
OECD Publishing, June 2012, Pages: 296
Skåne occupies a strategic location at the gateway to northern Europe and has made a solid contribution to Swedish growth. In the years prior to the crisis (2000-2007), Skåne contributed 12% of aggregate Swedish GDP growth, behind Stockholm and Västra Götaland. Immediately prior to the crisis, as growth in the rest of Sweden began to decline, economic growth in Skåne accelerated, rising from just under 4.5% in 2005-2006 to over 7.1% in 2006-2007, though this promising trend was reversed when Swedish growth began to fall in 2008. Skåne was particularly hard hit by the downturn, but made a relatively quick recovery in 2009.
Despite strong performance relative to other OECD regions, Skåne’s aggregate growth performance masks a weak performance at the per capita level relative to the rest of Sweden. At 2.46% over the 12 years prior to the crisis, per capita growth in Skåne has not kept pace, neither with growth in Stockholm and Västra Götaland, nor with the nation as a whole, and lags behind not only the national average (which is elevated by strong growth in Stockholm) but also by the average of Swedish regions.
The OECD Territorial Review of Skåne assesses the capacity of the third largest region in Sweden to compete for investment and talents in an increasingly globalised economy. Skåne has long been one of the three major engines of national growth and it ranks among the top-class research and technology hubs in the OECD, but it needs to gain back the momentum it lost during the crisis. The region's strong knowledge assets and demographic dynamism have not translated into corresponding gains in terms of productivity and skills. The Review shows the way forward towards a smart, healthy and inclusive region and calls for targeted policies to boost demand-driven innovation, make the most of its diversified pool of human capital, and maintain a high quality environment to work and live in.
Assessment and recommendations
Chapter 1. Regional trends and challenges in Skåne
-1.1. Skåne in context
-1.2. Trends and performance
-1.3. Behind the trends
-1.4. Policy challenges in Skåne – moving forward
Chapter 2. Boosting innovation in Skåne
-2.1. Key achievements of regional innovation policy in Skåne
-2.2. Recommendations for regional innovation policy in Skåne
Chapter 3. Building a more efficient and cohesive regional labour market in Skåne
-3.1. Realising fully the potential of immigrants
-3.2. Engaging youth: accelerating the transition from school to jobs
-3.3. Deepening labour markets
-3.4. Widening labour markets
Chapter 4. Nurturing a high-quality living environment in Skåne
-4.1. Enhancing regional accessibility and connectivity
-4.2. Protecting the regional environment
-4.3. Improving the region’s attractiveness
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