Discover what′s happening in nanoelectronics and where the field is heading
This volume stems from the proceedings of Up the Nano Creek, the fifth workshop in the "Future Trends of Microelectronics" series, held in June of 2006. At this invitation–only workshop, top experts from academia, industry, and government came together to discuss, debate, and analyze the current trends in nanoelectronics. In addition, participants were asked to forecast the future of the field.
Among the topics these experts examined were leading–edge aspects of nanotechnology, MEMs, quantum computing, the physical limits of Si CMOS, microlithography, nanoelectronic circuits, and silicon photonics. Their contributions are grouped into four parts:
Part I, Physics, delves into such fundamental and controversial issues as "perfect lensing" in negative refraction materials, the feasibility of quantum computing, and the foundations of laser theory.
Part II, Biology, includes fascinating and thought–provoking papers on topics such as synthetic biology and micro–array brain implants.
Part III, Electronics, examines the economic prospects of nanomanufacturing, lithography at the crossroads, and the future of non–silicon materials like carbon nanotube transistors.
Part IV, Photonics, includes a foray into silicon–based photonics and cutting–edge papers on the generation and applications of terahertz radiation.
Given the cutting–edge nature of the topics, you won′t find consensus among the experts, but rather a variety of opinions and critical analyses of the latest findings and trends in the field. Collectively, the topics covered in this volume will have a fundamental impact on such industries as communications, biology, medicine, and manufacturing. If you want to understand how nanoelectronics is shaping the future of these industries, Future Trends in Microelectronics: Up the Nano Creek needs to be on your reading list.
1. PHYSICS: THE FOUNDATIONS1.
Is Fault–Tolerant Quantum Computation Really Possible (M. I. Dyakonov )?
Quantum Computation Future of Microelectronics (P. Hawrylak).
Semiconductor Spintronics: Progress and Challenges (E. I. Rashba).
Towards Semiconductor Spin Logic (I. Zutic and J. Fabian).
Molecular Meso– and Nanodevices: Are the Molecules Conducting (N. B. Zhitenev)?
The Problem of a Perfect Lens Made From a Slab: With Negative Refraction (A. L. Efros).
Is There a Linewidth Theory for Semiconductor Lasers (B. Spivak and S. Luryi)?
Fermi Liquid Behavior of GaAs Quantum Wires (E. Levy, A. Tsukernik, M. Karpovski, A. Palevski, B. Dwir, E. Pelucchi, A. Rudra, E. Kapon, and Y. Oreg).
2. BIOLOGY: WE ARE ALL ZOA.
Towards Molecular Medicine (H. van Houten and H. Hofstraat).
Interfacing the Brain – With Microelectronics (A. V. Nurmikko, W. R. Patterson, Y.–K. Song, C. W. Bull, and J. P. Donoghue)?
Synthetic Biology: Synthesis and Modification of a Chemical Called Poliovirus (S. Mueller, J. R. Coleman, J. Cello, A. Paul, E. Wimmer, D. Papamichail, and S. Skiena).
Guided Evolution in Interacting Microchemostat Arrays for Optimization of Photobacterial Hydrogen Production (R. H. Austin, P. Galajda, and J. Keymer).
Improvements in Light Emitters by Controlling Spontaneous Emission: From LEDs to Biochips (C. Weisbuch, A. David, M. Rattier, L. Martinelli, H. Choumane, N. Ha, C. Nelep, A. Chardon, G.–O. Reymond, C. Goutel, G. Cerovic, and H. Benisty).
3. ELECTRONICS: CHALLENGES AND SOLUTIONS.
Nanomanufacturing Technology: Exa–Units at Nano–Dollars (M. R. Pinto).
32 nm: Lithography at a Crossroad (J. P. H. Benschop).
Physical Limits of Silicon CMOS: Real Showstopper or Wrong Problem (M. Brillouét)?
Will the Insulated Gate Transistor Concept Survive Next Decade (O. Engström).
Scaling Limits of Silicon CMOS and Non–Silicon Opportunities (Y. Nishi).
Carbon–Nanotube Solutions for the Post–CMOS–Scaling World (P. M. Solomon).
Alternatives to Silicon: Will Our Best Be Anywhere Good Enough in Time (M. J. Kelly)?
MRAM Downscaling Challenges (F. Arnaud d′Avitaya, V. Safarov, and A. Filipe).
Atomically Controlled Processing for Future Si–Based Devices (J. Murota, M. Sakuraba, and B. Tillack).
Ultimate VLSI Clocking Using Passive Serial Distribution (M. Banu and V. Prodanov).
Origin of 1/f Noise in MOS Devices: Concluding a Noisy Debate (K. Akarvardar, S. Cristoloveanu, and P. Gentil).
Quasiballistic Transport in Nano–MOSFETs (E. Sangiorgi, S. Eminente, C. Fiegna, P. Palestri, D. Esseni, and L. Selmi).
Absolute Negative Resistance in Ballistic Variable Threshold Field Effect Transistor (M. I. Dyakonov and M. S. Shur).
Formation of Three–Dimensional SiGe Quantum Dot Crystals (C. Dais, P. Käser, H. Solak, Y. Ekinci, E. Deckhardt, E. Müller, D. Grtzmacher, J. Stangl, T. Suzuki, T. Fromherz, and G. Bauer).
Robust Metallic Interconnects for Flexible Electronics and Bioelectronics (D. P. Wang, F. Y. Biga, A. Zaslavsky, and G. P. Crawford).
4. PHOTONICS: LIGHT TO THE RESCUE.
Silicon Photonics – Optics to the Chip at Last (D. A. B. Miller)?
The Future of Single– to Multi–Band Detector Technologies (M. N. Abedin,I. Bhat, S. D. Gunapala, S. V. Bandara, T. F. Refaat, S. P. Sandford, and U. N. Singh).
Terahertz Quantum Cascade Lasers and Real–Time T–Ray Imaging (Q. Hu, B. S. Williams, S. Kumar, A. W. M. Lee, Q. Qin J. L. Reno, H. C. Liu and Z. R. Wasilewski).
Terahertz Spectroscopy and Imaging (E. H. Linfield, J. E. Cunningham, and A. G. Davies).
Wavelength Tuning of Interband Cascade Lasers Based on the Stark Effect (S. Suchalkin, M. Kisin, S. Luryi, G. Belenky, F. Towner, J. D. Bruno, C. Monroy, and R. L. Tober).
Intersubband Quantum–Box Lasers: An Update (D. Botez, M. D′Souza, G. Tsvid, A. Khandekhar, D. Xu, J. C. Shin, T. Kuech, A. Lyakh and P. Zory).
A New Class of Semiconductors Using Quantum Confinement of Silicon in a Dielectric Matrix (M. A. Green).
Merging Nanoepitaxy and Nanophotonics (N. N. Ledentsov, V. A. Shchukin, and D. Bimberg).
Quantum Control of the Dynamics of a Semiconductor Quantum Well (E. Paspalakis, M. Tsaousidou, and A. F. Terzis).
List Of Contributors.
Jimmy Xu, PhD, is Charles C. Tillinghast University Professor of Engineering and Physics, Brown University.
Alex Zaslavsky, PhD, is Associate Professor of Electrical Engineering and Physics, Brown University.