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Transport Phenomena. An Introduction to Advanced Topics

  • ID: 2174903
  • Book
  • July 2010
  • 270 Pages
  • John Wiley and Sons Ltd
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Enables readers to apply transport phenomena principles to solve advanced problems in all areas of engineering and science

This book helps readers elevate their understanding of, and their ability to apply, transport phenomena by introducing a broad range of advanced topics as well as analytical and numerical solution techniques. Readers gain the ability to solve complex problems generally not addressed in undergraduate–level courses, including nonlinear, multidimensional transport, and transient molecular and convective transport scenarios.

Avoiding rote memorization, the author emphasizes a dual approach to learning in which physical understanding and problem–solving capability are developed simultaneously. Moreover, the author builds both readers′ interest and knowledge by:

  • Demonstrating that transport phenomena are pervasive, affecting every aspect of life

  • Offering historical perspectives to enhance readers′ understanding of current theory and methods

  • Providing numerous examples drawn from a broad range of fields in the physical and life sciences and engineering

  • Contextualizing problems in scenarios so that their rationale and significance are clear

This text generally avoids the use of commercial software for problem solutions, helping readers cultivate a deeper understanding of how solutions are developed. References throughout the text promote further study and encourage the student to contemplate additional topics in transport phenomena.

Transport Phenomena is written for advanced undergraduates and graduate students in chemical and mechanical engineering. Upon mastering the principles and techniques presented in this text, all readers will be better able to critically evaluate a broad range of physical phenomena, processes, and systems across many disciplines.

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1. Introduction and Some Useful Review.

1.1 A Message for the Student.

1.2 Differential Equations.

1.3 Classification of Partial Differential Equations and Boundary Conditions.

1.4 Numerical Solutions for Partial Differential Equations.

1.5 Vectors, Tensors, and the Equation of Motion.

1.6 The Men for Whom the Navier–Stokes Equations are Named.

1.7 Sir Isaac Newton.


2. Inviscid Flow: Simplified Fluid Motion.

2.1 Introduction.

2.2 Two–Dimensional Potential Flow.

2.3 Numerical Solution of Potential Flow Problems.

2.4 Conclusion.


3. Laminar Flows in Ducts and Enclosures.

3.1 Introduction.

3.2 Hagen–Poiseuille Flow.

3.3 Transient Hagen–Poiseuille Flow.

3.4 Poiseuille Flow in an Annulus.

3.5 Ducts with Other Cross–Sections.

3.6 Combined Couette and Poiseuille Flows.

3.7 Couette Flows in Enclosures.

3.8 Generalized Two–Dimensional Fluid Motion in Ducts.

3.9 Some Concerns in Computational Fluid Mechanics.

3.10 Flow in the Entrance of Ducts.

3.11 Creeping Fluid Motions in Ducts and Cavities.

3.12 Microfluidics: Flow in Very Small Channels.

3.13 Flows in Open Channels.

3.14 Pulsatile Flows in Cylindrical Ducts.

3.15 Some Concluding remarks for Incompressible Viscous Flows.


4. External Laminar Flows and Boundary–Layer Theory.

4.1 Introduction.

4.2 The Flat Plate.

4.3 Flow Separation Phenomena about Bluff Bodies.

4.4 Boundary Layer on a Wedge: the Falkner–Skan Problem.

4.5 The Free Jet.

4.6 Integral Momentum Equations.

4.7 Hiemenz Stagnation Flow.

4.8 Flow in the Wake of a Flat Plate at Zero Incidence.

4.9 Conclusion.


5. Instability, Transition, and Turbulence.

5.1 Introduction.

5.2 Linearized Hydrodynamic Stability Theory.

5.3 Inviscid Stability, the Rayleigh Equation.

5.4 Stability of Flow between Concentric Cylinders.

5.5 Transition.

5.6 Turbulence. 

5.7 Higher Order Closure Schemes.

5.8 Introduction to the Statistical Theory of Turbulence.

5.9 Conclusion.


6. Heat Transfer by Conduction.

6.1 Introduction.

6.2 Steady–State Conduction Problems in Rectangular Coordinates.

6.3 Transient Conduction Problems in Rectangular Coordinates.

6.4 Steady–State Conduction Problems in Cylindrical Coordinates.

6.5 Transient Conduction Problems in Cylindrical Coordinates.

6.6 Steady–State Conduction Problems in Spherical Coordinates.

6.7 Transient Conduction Problems in Spherical Coordinates.

6.8 Kelvin s Estimate of the Age of the Earth.

6.9 Some Specialized Topics in Conduction.

6.10 Conclusion.


7. Heat Transfer with Laminar Fluid Motion.

7.1 Introduction.

7.2 Problems in Rectangular Coordinates.

7.3 Problems in Cylindrical Coordinates.

7.4 Natural Convection: Buoyancy–Induced Fluid Motion.

7.5 Conclusion.


8. Diffusional Mass Transfer.

8.1 Introduction.

8.2 Unsteady Evaporation of Volatile Liquids: the Arnold Problem.

8.3 Diffusion in Rectangular Geometries.

8.4 Diffusion in Cylindrical Systems.

8.5 Diffusion in Spherical Systems.

8.6 Some Specialized Topics in Diffusion.

8.7 Conclusion.


9. Mass Transfer in Well–Characterized Flows.

9.1 Introduction.

9.2 Convective Mass Transfer in Rectangular Coordinates.

9.3 Mass Transfer with Laminar Flow in Cylindrical Systems.

9.4 Mass Transfer between a Sphere and a Moving Fluid.

9.5 Some Specialized Topics in Convective Mass Transfer.

9.6 Conclusion.


10. Heat and Mass Transfer in Turbulence.

10.1 Introduction.

10.2 Solution through Analogy.

10.3 Elementary Closure Processes.

10.4 Scalar Transport with Two–Equation Models of Turbulence.

10.5 Turbulent Flows with Chemical Reactions.

10.6 An Introduction to pdf Modeling.

10.7 The Lagrangian View of Turbulent Transport.

10.8 Conclusion.


11. Topics in Multiphase and Multicomponent Systems.

11.1 Gas–Liquid Systems.

11.2 Liquid–Liquid Systems.

11.3 Particle–Fluid Systems.

11.4 Multicomponent Diffusion in Gases.

11.5 Conclusion.


Problems to Accompany A Second Course in Transport Phenomena.

Appendix A: Finite Difference Approximations for Derivatives.

Appendix B: Additional Notes on Bessel′s Equation and Bessel Functions.

Appendix C: Solving Laplace and Poisson (Elliptic) Partial Differential Equations.

Appendix D: Solving Elementary Parabolic Partial Differential Equations.

Appendix E: Error Function.

Appendix F: Gamma Function.

Appendix G: Regular Perturbation.

Appendix H: Solution of Differential Equations by Collocation.


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Larry A. Glasgow, PhD, is Professor of Chemical Engineering at Kansas State University. His research interests include fluid mechanics, with an emphasis on multiphase phenomena in turbulence. He has taught many core courses in chemical engineering, especially both undergraduate and graduate courses in transport phenomena. Dr. Glasgow′s skills and enthusiasm for teaching have been recognized repeatedly, including the James Hollis Award for Excellence in Undergraduate Teaching, the Commerce Bank Outstanding Undergraduate Teaching Award, the Segebrecht Distinguished Faculty Achievement Award, the Snell Distinguished Career Award, and the Charles H. Scholer Faculty Achievement Award.

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Note: Product cover images may vary from those shown