- Approaches on carbon dioxide (CO2) emission reduction in metal production by improved energy efficiency in life cycle fuel use, reductions in carbonate–based flux/raw material usage, as well as finding thermodynamically feasible reactions leading to lower emissions.
- Energy saving techniques for extraction and processing of ferrous and nonferrous metals and other materials
- Capture, conservation, and use of heat generated from processing
Waste Heat Recovery.
Waste Heat Utilization to Increase Energy Efficiency in the Metals Industry (E. Cruz, M. Vatanakul, R. Hynes, J. Sarvinis, and K. McKenna).
Waste Heat Reduction and Recovery Options for Metals Industry (A. Thekdi, and C.Beit).
Development of a Direct Evaporator for the Organic Rankine Cycle (D. Guillen, H. Klockow, M. Lehar, S. Freund, and J. Jackson).
Topological Considerations for Thermoelectric Capture of Waste Heat (J. Beck, D. Nemir, and M. Alvarado).
Waste Heat Recovery in the Aluminum Melting Furnaces (J. Norton).
Energy Efficiency Improvement by Implementation of the Novel CRIMSON Aluminium Casting Process (M Jolly, andX. Dai).
Waste Heat Recovery Trial from Aluminum Reduction Cell Exhaust Gases (H. Fanisalek, M. Bashiri, andR. Kamali).
The Study of Coal Gasification in Molten Blast Furnace Slag (P. Li, Q. Yu, Q. Qin, and W. Du).
System for Recovering Waste Heat from High Temperature Molten Blast Furnace Slag (J. Liu, Q. Yu, and Q. Qin).
Stability and Thermoelectric Properties of Transition Metal Silicides from First Principles Calculations (P. Jund, X. Tao, R Viennois, C. Colinet, and J. Tedenac).
Carbon Dioxide and Other Greenhouse Gas Reduction Metallurgy – 2011.
Electrochemical Reduction Methods – CQ2 Use and Other Metal Production.
Solar Thermo–Chemical Splitting of Carbon Dioxide by Metal Oxide Redox Pairs (M. Roeb, S. Stenger, M. Neises, and C. Sattler).
Molten Oxide Electrolysis for Iron Production: Identification of Key Process Parameters for Largescale Development (A. Allanore, F. Carillo, L. Ortiz, and D. Sadoway).
Perflourocarbon Generation during Electrolysis in Molten Fluorides (X. Wang, G. Wang, and K Zhu).
Climate Change and Metal and Mining Sector: An Overview of Trends, Project Potential and Its Abatement (P. Raghavan).
Fundamental Thermodynamics of Aqueous Carbon Dioxide Systems (D. Tahija, and H. Huang).
Electrodeposition of Pb–Te–Tl Thermoelectric Materials (Z Shi, and R. Reddy).
Study of Bamboo Charcoal Load Ce–Doped Nano–Ti02 Photochemical Catalysis Oxidation Degradation of Formaldehyde Device (D. Yang, Z Ren, H. Liu, and Y. Su).
CQ2 and GHG Reduction in Metal Industries.
Vacuum Distillation of Aluminum and Silicon Via Carbothermal Reduction of Their Oxides with Concentrated Solar Energy (P. Loutzenhiser, E. Guglielmini, A. Frei, and A. Steinfeld).
The Alkali Roasting and Leaching of Ilmenite Minerals for the Extraction of High Purity Synthetic Rutile and Rare–Earth Oxides (A. Jha, G. Cooke, A. Lahiri, and E. Kumari).
Hydrogen–Rich and Carbon–Neutral Gas as Reducing Agent for Heavy Metal Containing Residues (T. Griessacher, and J. Antrekowitsch).
Bauxite Residue Use to Remove SO2 from Gas Effluents (L. Venancio, P. Santos, J. Souza, E. Macedo, and W. Rodrigues).
Greenhouse Gas Emission Reduction from Aluminum Industry in India: Challenges & Prospects (M. Goel).
Dissolution Kinetics of Steelmaking Slag and Its Promotion for the Growth of Algae (C. Zi, K. Huang, L. Liu, X. Li, H. Zhu, and E. Li).
Life Cycle Assessment of China′s Alumina Manufacturing by Bayer Process (H Li, G. Duan, H. Bai, and D. Cang).
Analysis of Carbon Emission Reduction of China′s Integrated Steelworks (H. Bai, P. Liu, H. Li, L. Zhao, and D. Cang).
Fluid Mixing Characteristics in a C–H2 Smelting Reduction Furnace Bath Combined Top, Bottom and Side Blowing Process (D. Yin, J. Zhang, J. Xie, K. Feng, B. Wang, S. Zheng, and X. Hong).