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Building Surveys and Reports. 4th Edition - Product Image

Building Surveys and Reports. 4th Edition

  • ID: 2178730
  • January 2011
  • 432 Pages
  • John Wiley and Sons Ltd

This book provides guidance on building survey work for typical residential, commercial and industrial buildings, with advice on how to diagnose a wide range of defects. It considers both modern and older construction methods, together with new and traditional materials. The particular problems of alteration and renovation work are discussed, with guidance on how to carry out measured surveys.

A separate chapter covers survey problems after flood and fire damage, and the legal section takes account of recent developments in case law relating to inspections and surveys of properties.

This new edition continues to provide a thorough treatment of all the key issues relating to surveying buildings, dealing with the problems that surveyors are likely to encounter when inspecting buildings.

Changes for the new edition include:

- Examples and references have been updated
- Evaluation of condition rating systems for domestic and commercial buildings
- A new section on the home condition reports
- More information on slate defects
- Bibliography revised and expanded, to make it more comprehensive
- Additional appendix showing the home condition report format

Note: Product cover images may vary from those shown

Preface to Fourth Edition.

Acknowledgements.

1 General Principles and Responsibilities.

1.1 What is a building survey.

1.2 Housing quality initiatives.

1.3 Other housing quality initiatives.

1.4 Housing health and safety rating system (HHSRS).

1.5 Domestic survey implications.

1.6 Non-domestic condition rating system.

1.7 Condition appraisal.

1.8 The purpose of the survey.

1.9 Surveyor's responsibilities.

1.10 Contracts and fees.

2 Procedure and Equipment.

2.1 Basic survey methodology.

2.2 Preliminary operations.

2.3 Property risks.

2.4 Equipment for measured drawing surveys.

2.5 Equipment for surveying buildings and examining defects.

3 Measurement of Existing Buildings.

3.1 Preliminaries.

3.2 Internal measuring.

3.3 Roof space.

3.4 External measuring.

3.5 Levelling.

3.6 Plotting the survey.

4 Surveys of Historic Buildings.

4.1 General considerations.

4.2 Medieval churches.

4.3 Church towers.

4.4 Church bells and fittings.

4.5 Measured drawings.

5 Foundation Failures.

5.1 Introduction.

5.2 Causes of failure.

5.3 Differential movement.

5.4 Inadequate foundations.

5.5 Overloading.

5.6 Unequal settlement.

5.7 Effect of tree roots.

5.8 Shallow foundations.

5.9 Building on sloping sites.

5.10 Building on made up ground.

5.11 Diagnosis.

6 Defective Walls and Partitions Above Ground.

6.1 Type of failure.

6.2 Bulging and leaning walls.

6.3 Overloading.

6.4 Thermal and moisture movements.

6.5 Failure in arches and lintels.

6.6 Defective materials and chemical action.

6.7 Failures in bonding and defects at junctions.

6.8 Frost failure.

6.9 Cavity walls.

6.10 Built-in iron and steel members.

6.11 Tile and slate hanging and weatherboarding.

6.12 Partitions.

6.13 Assessment of cracks.

6.14 Natural stone masonry.

6.15 Defects in stonework.

6.16 Cast stone.

6.17 Recording defects.

7 Reinforced Concrete, Cladding Materials and Structural Steelwork.

7.1 Description.

7.2 Corrosion and cracking.

7.3 Aggregates.

7.4 High alumina cement.

7.5 Thermal expansion.

7.6 Frost damage.

7.7 Electrolytic action.

7.8 Lightweight aggregates.

7.9 Deflection.

7.10 Diagnosis.

7.11 Brick panel walls in reinforced concrete frames.

7.12 No-fines concrete housing.

7.13 Autoclaved aerated concrete.

7.14 Description.

7.15 Concrete cladding defects.

7.16 Joint problems.

7.17 Metallic fasteners.

7.18 Metal profile sheeting.

7.19 Description.

7.20 Diagnosis.

8 Damp Penetration and Condensation.

8.1 Description.

8.2 Damp courses.

8.3 Diagnosis.

8.4 Solid walls with DPC absent or defective.

8.5 Stone walls in older buildings.

8.6 Basement walls and floors.

8.7 Heaped earth or paving against walls and bridging of rendering.

8.8 Internal partitions.

8.9 Rising damp in ground floors.

8.10 Rising damp in old timber-framed buildings.

8.11 Locating damp penetration.

8.12 Parapet walls.

8.13 Cavity walls.

8.14 Leaks in plumbing systems.

8.15 Description.

8.16 Causes.

8.17 Diagnosis.

8.18 Problems with flues.

9 Timber Decay and Insect Attack.

9.1 Introduction.

9.2 Description.

9.3 Diagnosis.

9.4 Description.

9.5 Diagnosis.

9.6 Description.

9.7 Diagnosis.

9.8 Conclusion.

10 Roof Structures and Coverings.

10.1 Introduction.

10.2 General investigations.

10.3 Defects from natural causes.

10.4 Timber pitched roofs.

10.5 Timber flat roofs.

10.6 Steel trusses and lattice girders.

10.7 Older type roofs.

10.8 Services and other fittings in the roof space.

10.9 Electrical installation.

10.10 Roof insulation.

10.11 Party walls in roof space.

10.12 Introduction.

10.13 Types of slate.

10.14 Ridges, hips and valleys.

10.15 Examination of a slate roof.

10.16 Tiled roofs.

10.17 Bituminous felt and polymeric sheet roofing.

10.18 Asphalt.

10.19 Copper.

10.20 Lead.

10.21 Zinc.

10.22 Aluminium.

10.23 Stone slates.

10.24 Asbestos cement and translucent roofing sheets.

10.25 Asbestos cement slates.

10.26 Corrugated iron.

10.27 Thatch.

10.28 Wood shingles.

10.29 Roof lights.

10.30 Duckboards.

11 Fireplaces, Flues and Chimney Stacks.

11.1 Introduction.

11.2 Domestic fireplaces and flue entry.

11.3 Down-draught due to external conditions.

11.4 Flue investigation.

11.5 Flues serving gas fires.

11.6 Flues serving oil-fired boilers.

11.7 Hearths.

11.8 Old fireplaces.

11.9 Rebuilding.

11.10 Chimney stacks.

11.11 Industrial chimney shafts.

12 Timber Upper Floors, Floor Coverings, Staircases and Ladders.

12.1 Introduction.

12.2 Structural timber floor defects.

12.3 Introduction.

12.4 Boarded floors.

12.5 Chipboard flooring.

12.6 Hardwood strip flooring.

12.7 Wood block..

12.8 Floor screeds.

12.9 Granolithic paving.

12.10 Terrazzo.

12.11 Cork tiles.

12.12 Linoleum.

12.13 Rubber flooring.

12.14 Thermoplastic, PVC and vinyl asbestos tiles.

12.15 Clay floor tiles.

12.16 Concrete tiles.

12.17 Magnesite flooring.

12.18 Mastic asphalt and pitch mastic paving.

12.19 Rubber latex cement flooring.

12.20 Metal tiles.

12.21 Slate.

12.22 Marble in tile or slab form.

12.23 Conclusion.

12.24 Timber staircases.

12.25 Metal staircases and ladders.

12.26 Reinforced concrete stairs.

13 Finishes and Joinery Externally and Internally.

13.1 Introduction.

13.2 Types of plaster.

13.3 Plasterboards and wallboards.

13.4 Metal lathing.

13.5 Plaster wall and ceiling defects.

13.6 Old plaster ceilings.

13.7 Types of board.

13.8 Common defects.

13.9 Types of tiling and fixings.

13.10 Common defects in finishes.

13.11 Types of partition and finish.

13.12 Doors and windows.

13.13 Skirtings, architraves and picture rails.

13.14 Cupboard fitments.

13.15 Ironmongery.

13.16 Examination of defects.

13.17 Introduction.

13.18 Rendering defects.

13.19 Pointing.

13.20 Defects due to poor application or unsuitable backgrounds.

13.21 Interior finishes.

13.22 Exterior paintwork.

13.23 Metal surfaces.

13.24 Historic buildings.

13.25 Introduction.

13.26 Symptoms and defects.

14 Services.

14.1 Introduction.

14.2 Types of pipework.

14.3 Guide to checking cold water installations.

14.4 Old lead pipes.

14.5 Direct and indirect systems.

14.6 Oil-fired boilers.

14.7 Gas-fired boilers.

14.8 Wall mounted water heaters.

14.9 Gas fires.

14.10 Items to check.

14.11 Immersion heaters.

14.12 Storage heaters.

14.13 Boiler flues.

14.14 Introduction.

14.15 Common defects.

14.16 Materials.

14.17 Wash basins and shower trays.

14.18 Baths.

14.19 Bidets.

14.20 Sinks.

14.21 Taps.

14.22 Water closets and cisterns.

14.23 Urinals.

14.24 Introduction.

14.25 Types of soil and waste disposal systems.

14.26 Pipes.

14.27 Common defects.

14.28 Introduction.

14.29 Wiring systems.

14.30 The ring circuits.

14.31 Testing and inspecting installations.

14.32 Regulation of electrical installation work in dwellings.

14.33 Introduction.

14.34 Checking defects.

14.35 Gas meter location.

14.36 Introduction.

14.37 Lift pit.

14.38 Lift shaft.

14.39 Machine room.

14.40 Prevention of damage.

14.41 Small service lifts.

14.42 Hand power hoists.

14.43 Stair lifts.

14.44 Natural ventilation.

14.45 Mechanical ventilation.

14.46 Air conditioning.

15 External Works.

15.1 Introduction.

15.2 Property erected before 1900.

15.3 Property erected after 1900.

15.4 Sketch plan of the system.

15.5 Pipes and fittings.

15.6 Drainage defects.

15.7 Testing.

15.8 Water test.

15.9 Air and smoke test.

15.10 Adjoining owners' drains.

15.11 Inspection chambers.

15.12 Deep inspection chambers.

15.13 Back-drop chambers.

15.14 Interceptors.

15.15 Access covers and frames 278

gulleys and grease traps 279

15.16 Gulleys 279

15.17 Inspecting and checking gulley defects 280

anti-flood devices, petrol interceptors and drainage

channels 280

15.18 Anti-flood devices 280

15.19 Petrol interceptors 281

15.20 Drainage channels and gratings.

15.21 Cesspools/cesspits.

15.22 Septic tanks.

15.23 Pumping stations.

15.24 Disposal systems from roofs.

15.25 Disposal of surface water from paved areas.

15.26 Soakaways.

15.27 Recommendations.

15.28 The function of carriageways.

15.29 Flexible paving.

15.30 Concrete paving.

15.31 Blocks and slabs.

15.32 Tiles and setts.

15.33 Gravel and hoggin.

15.34 Examination of pavings.

15.35 Introduction.

15.36 Ownership of fences and walls.

15.37 Brick and stone boundary walls.

15.38 Retaining walls.

15.39 Timber and metal fencing.

15.40 Types of fencing and their defects.

15.41 Gates.

15.42 Introduction.

15.43 Inspection and checking defects.

15.44 Small domestic dwellings.

15.45 Large blocks of flats.

15.46 Lightning conductors.

15.47 Trees.

16 Fire and Flood Damage.

16.1 Introduction.

16.2 Preliminary investigation.

16.3 Brickwork.

16.4 Concrete structures.

16.5 Stonework.

16.6 Steel beams, columns and roof trusses.

16.7 Timber.

16.8 Roof structure.

16.9 Pitched roof coverings.

16.10 Flat roof coverings.

16.11 Floors.

16.12 Internal and external finishes.

16.13 Services.

16.14 Recording the defects.

16.15 Causes.

16.16 Preliminary examination.

16.17 General effects of flooding.

16.18 Foundations.

16.19 Ground floors.

16.20 Suspended ground floors.

16.21 Floor finishes.

16.22 Wall finishes.

16.23 Metal finishes and fastenings.

16.24 Drainage systems.

16.25 Pavings.

16.26 Recording defects.

17 Report Writing.

17.1 Introduction.

17.2 Presentation.

17.3 Report writing criteria.

17.4 Arrangement of information.

17.5 Format.

17.6 Valuations.

18 Legal Aspects.

18.1 Introduction.

18.2 Negligence defined.

18.3 Duty of care.

18.4 Breach of duty.

18.5 Damages.

18.6 Accuracy of estimates.

18.7 Brief reports.

18.8 Parties in tort.

18.9 Type of survey required.

18.10 Professional negligence relating to surveying buildings.

18.11 Recent negligence cases.

18.12 Disclaimers and limitation periods.

18.13 Trespass.

18.14 Party structures.

18.15 Indemnity insurance.

18.16 Property claims.

Appendices.

Appendix I Definitions of Inspections and Surveys of Buildings (CIC Explanatory Leaflet).

Appendix II Sample Extracts of Survey Schedules & Checklists.

Appendix III Checklist for Property and Site Surveys.

Appendix IV Checklist for Building Surveys.

Appendix V Surveying Safely (Based on RICS 2004).

Appendix VI Report on Roof Defects (Village Hall).

Appendix VII Report on Property to be Purchased.

Appendix VIII Glossary of Building Inspection and Related Terms.

Bibliography.

Index.

Note: Product cover images may vary from those shown

"The fourth edition of this guide to performing structural surveys provides updated comprehensive guidance for examining residential, industrial and commercial buildings for condition analysis." (Booknews, 1 April 2011)

Note: Product cover images may vary from those shown
Note: Product cover images may vary from those shown

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